Alfred, Lord Tennyson-"Ulysses"
Terms in this set (60)
Was Alfred, Lord Tennyson born a lord?
no, but accepted a peerage from the British government in January 1884 at 74 years old
What number child was Tennyson?
4th out of 12
What was Tennyson's father's occupation?
minister in Somersby, a small village in Lincolnshire
What were some of Tennyson's father's faults?
prone to epileptic fits, alcoholism, and melancholy
Why did almost all of the George Tennyson (Alfred's father)'s children suffer from mental illness, addiction to drugs, and/or alcoholism?
Alfred's father allowed his own personal bitterness and family abuse to affect his children
Why did Tennyson go through a period of depression?
he believed he had inherited epilepsy from his father
When did Tennyson publish his first volume of poetry, Poems by Two Brothers?
before he was 18
Which two brothers did Tennyson collaborate with for Poems by Two Brothers?
Frederick and Charles
Where did Alfred Tennyson go to school in 1827?
Trinity College in Cambridge
What poem did Tennyson submit to a competition for a gold medal in poetry and won?
What secret society was Tennyson invited to join due to his award for "Timbuctoo?"
Who were the Apostles (Tennyson)?
elite group of undergrads considered the most brilliant in their class
Who did Tennyson befriend while at Cambridge?
fellow Apostle Arthur Henry Hallam
Who did Hallam fall in love with?
Tennyson's sister Emily
What caused Hallam's premature death at 22?
Where does Hallam live on in Tennyson's poetry?
"In Memoriam" (1850) and "Morte d'Arthur" (1859)
What other volumes of poems did Tennyson publish by the time Hallam died in 1833?
"Poems, Chiefly Lyrical" (1830) and "Poems" (1832)
What famous poems did "Poems" contain?
"Lady of Shalott," "Oenone," and "The Lotos-Eaters"
Why did Tennyson's poems receive damning reviews?
he was connected with "Cockney poets" who supposedly imitated John Keats
Why could Tennyson no longer go to Cambridge?
his father died and he no longer had the financial support of his grandfather
What were some factors that led to Tennyson's fear of exposure to the reading public?
loss of his father and Hallam, fears of mental illness and epilepsy, and brutal reviews of his poetry
How long did Tennyson withold publication of his poetry?
almost a decade
What other poems spoke of Tennyson's grief over losing Hallam?
Ulysses, Morte d'Arthur, Tithonus, and Break, Break, Break
Who did Tennyson become romantically involved with in 1836?
Why was Tennyson's engagement to Sellwood broken off in 1840?
Sellwood's family disapproval, Tennyson's fear of poverty and the possibility of epilepsy
Who did Tennyson marry in 1850?
When did a two-volume edition of Poems appear?
Were the reviews for the newly published "Poems" good or bad?
good - more editions were printed in 1845 and 1846, which led to future successes
What poem did Tennyson publish in 1847 which awarded him a pension of 200 a year?
Which poem established Tennyson's reputation as a major living poet and secured him the title of Poet Laureate?
When did Tennyson become a Poet Laureate?
November 19, 1850
When was Tennyson presented to Queen Victoria?
What caused Tennyson to write "The Charge of the Light Brigade?"
fascination with the Crimean War and his compassion for the extraordinary heroism
Who fought in the Crimean War?
Russian Empire vs. Britain and allies over control of Russia's Crimean peninsula
What is happening in Tennyson's "Charge of the Light Brigade?"
a calvary goes on a suicidal charge into the battlefield
What/who roused Tennyson's patriotic spirit as displayed in "Charge of the Light Brigade?"
William Howard Russell's war correspondence for the London Illustrated News
What was "Idylls of the King" (1859) about?
long poem on the Arthurian cycle
When did Tennyson publish his final idylls?
What did Tennyson's idylls focus on?
decay of the Round Table, which symbolized the decay of 19th century morality and of England itself
How many copies of the idylls were printed in 1859?
What famous people did Tennyson hang around during the successful part of his life?
Robert Browning, Thomas Carlyle, Charles Dickens
What did Tennyson write during the last few years of his life?
What was so significant about Tennyson's peerage in 1884?
it was the first time an Englishman was given the title for his service to literature
What did Tennyson write about until his death in 1892?
poetry focused on the loss of his friends and family
What was "Crossing the Bar" about?
an elegy to Tennyson's dead son
Where is Tennyson buried? When did he die?
died on October 6, 1892 and buried in Poet's Corner, Westminister Abbey
How many lines are in "Ulysses?"
What type of poem is "Ulysses?"
What is Ulysses yearning to do?
return back to sea
What is Tennyson's version of Ulysses' life also inspired by besides Homer?
Dante's Inferno, Canto 26, which finds Ulysses in Hell
Why does Dante's Inferno find Ulysses in Hell?
punished and drowned for his unnatural and overwhelming desire to "learn and gain experience of the world"/wanted to know more than any human being should know
What audience does "Ulysses" speak to?
England, now engaged in empire building under Victoria
When was "Ulysses" written?
What was Britain's crown jewel during Tennyson's time?
East India Company
Who started British exploration of Africa?
Mungo Park's exploration of the Niger River in the late 18th and early 19th centuries
What boundaries does "Ulysses" push at?
boundaries of life and the known world
What does the metaphor of the arch offer Ulysses?
frame where the unknon beckons, which Tennyson steps through only to go to hell
Who does Ulysses believe will "subdue his unruly people?"
Telemachus, his son
What form is "Ulysses" in?
extended blank verse
What have some critics claimed about "Ulysses" that relates to Arthur Hallam?
it is an internal soliloquy responding to the loss of Hallam