Upgrade to remove ads
Ch. 7 AP Psych Vocab
Terms in this set (52)
An inability to learn anything new.
The process of organising information into small, meaningful bits to aid memory.
The notion that memories are lost as a result of a fading of the memory trace.
Knowledge that can be consciously retrieved and 'declared'.
forming a memory code
encoding specificity principle
The notion that the match between the way information is encoded and the way it is retrieved is important to remembering.
Memories of particular episodes or events from personal experience.
Especially vivid memories of exciting or highly consequential events.
level of processing
The degree to which information is elaborated, reflected upon or processed in a meaningful way during encoding of memory.
long-term memory (LTM)
Memory for facts, images, thoughts, feelings, skills and experiences that may last as long as a lifetime.
method of loci
A memory aid or mnemonic device in which images are remembered by fitting them into an orderly arrangement of locations.
Systematic strategies for remembering information.
A phenomenon in which old memories that have already been stored interfere with the retrieval of new information.
Memory for things that need to be done in the future.
The explicit (conscious) recollection of material from long-term memory.
Explicit (conscious) knowledge of whether something currently perceived has been previously encountered.
Repeating or studying information to retain it in memory.
Bringing information from long-term memory into short-term, or working, memory.
Interference of new information with the retrieval of old information.
An inability to recall memories for some period prior to the brain injury.
Memory for events that have already occurred.
General world knowledge or facts; also called generic memory.
serial position effect
The phenomenon that people are more likely to remember information that appears first and last in a list than information in the middle of the list.
short-term memory (STM)
Memory for information that is available to consciousness for roughly 20 to 30 seconds; also called working memory.
The experience in which people attempting but failing to recall information from memory know the information is 'in there' but are not quite able to retrieve it.
focusing awareness on a narrowed range of stimuli or events
multilevel classification system based on common properties among items
hypothetical process involving the gradual conversion of information into durable memory codes stored in long-term memory
holds that memory is enhanced by forming semantic and visual codes, since either can lead to recall
linking a stimulus to other information at the time of encoding
graphs retention and forgetting over time
tendency to mold one's interpretation of the past to fit how events actually turned out
proposes that people forget information because of competition from other material
involves forming a mental image of items to be remembered in a way that links them together
long lasting increase in neural excitability at synapses along a specific neural pathway
occurs when participants recall of an event they witnessed is altered by introducing misleading postevent information
nondeclarative memory system
houses memory for actions, skills, conditioned responses, and emotional responses
consonant-vowel-consonant arrangements that do not correspond to words
continued rehearsal of material after you first appear to have mastered it
parallel distributed processing (connectionist) models
assume that cognitive processes depend on patterns of activation in highly interconnected computational networks that resemble neural networks
refers to the process of deciding whether memories are based on external sources or internal sources
requires a subject to memorize information a second time to determine how much time or how many practice trials are saved by having learned it before
refers to keeping distressing thoughts and feelings buried in the unconscious
refers to the proportion of material retained
organized cluster of knowledge about a particular object or event abstracted from previous experience with the object or event
involves deciding how or whether information is personally relevant
consists of nodes representing concepts, joined together by pathways that link related concepts
preserves information in its original sensory form for a brief time, usually only a fraction of a second
involves making attributions about the origins of memories
occurs when a memory derived from one source is misattributed to another source
maintaining encoded information in memory over time
occurs when the initial processing of information is similar to the type of processing required by the subsequent measure of retention
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Psychology Vocab Ch. 12
Psychology Chapter 2
Psych Ch. 6
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
AP Psychology: Chapter 7
psych chapter 7: memory
Chapter 7: Memory
Memory - Psych Chapter 7
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
AP Psychology: Chapter 15
Puerner Vocab #2
Puerner Vocab Final Part 1
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
WFS 301 lab 6 shark&perch
Bio Exam 3
Psych 230 Exam 2: Chapters 4-6