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Nature and pattern of the poem


1. Epic
2. Narrative
3. Lyric


A great poem of nations, cultures, and heroes.


Poetry that tells a story.


Poems that are usually short to moderate in length and reveal a poet;s perspective on a narrow subject or theme.


1. Closed form
2. Blank verse
3. Rhymed free
4. Free verse
5. Eclectic

Closed Form

A poem that contains a clear pattern of rhyming and meter.

Blank Verse

a poem that has a clear pattern of meter, but without a pattern of rhyming.

Rhymed Free

Poetry that shows a pattern of rhyming, but without a clear pattern of meter.

Free verse

A poem that is one without a pattern of rhyming or meter.


1. Haiku
2. Sonnet
3. Ballad


A Japanese poetic form of three lines and seventeen syllables


A formal poem of fourteen lines, composed in a strict closed form, usually employing lines of ten syllables.


A lyric poem with the sound of a song. Ballads generally have a narrative strain and have lines with alternating rhymes.

Language of Image/ Idea

1. Image-based poem
2. Idea-based poem
3. Metaphorical language

Image-based poem

Communicates its message through the use of imagery, language dedicated to the senses, with ideas dependent on the images.

Idea-based poem

A poem that communicates ideas largely through the language of abstraction, language directed toward the logical rather than the sensual.

Metaphorical language

Often combines a concrete image in abstract relationship to the original subject.

Language of Conversation

Presents speech patterns as germane to the poem.

Language of Composition

Presents written patterns as germane to the poem.


A section of a poem that is largely the equivalent of the poetic paragraph.


A phrase, line, or stanza within a poem that is regularly repreated.


A four-line stanza of a poem, usually in closed form.


A pair of lines with matching meter and rhymes.

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