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Terms in this set (14)
A political process whereby people who do not dominant societal norms are labeled criminals and their circumstances and behaviors are defined as crimes
--US is currently leading the world in "producing prisoners" and hold almost 25% of the worlds prisoners
war on drugs
initiated in the 1980's and is responsible for the vast increase in incarceration
-laws passed in several states and federal funding to add police officers to the street, instead of going toward education, job training, drug prevention etc.
A law part of the war on drugs that stated that any three-times felon must serve a life sentence without parole.
-heavily affected low-income african americans and latino neighborhoods.
Pregnant Women and Drugs
Women who have miscarried or experienced still birth in states that grant the fetus "legal personhood" have been arrested for trafficking to the fetus, manslaughter etc.
-african american women are 10x's more likely to be reported for substance abuse
Businesses such as Best Western, Starbucks, Nintendo use prison labor and prison-generated products because it is cheap and prisoners are flexible and company's do not have to provide salaries, benefits etc.
A nonviolent crime committed by business and government professionals, usually fraud and embezzlement
--these criminals are far less likely to serve time and even less to be called a criminal
Women in the criminal justice system
-in 2010, more than 200,000 women were being held in US jails making up 7% of state and federal prison population.
Majority of arrest are for small-scale drug offenses, such as possession and dealing, or crimes committed to support a drug habit (prostitution and shoplifting)
Characteristics of Incarcerated Women
-Tend to have medical, psychological, educational needs
-live in poverty
-suffer from physical or drug abuse
Intersectionality and Women, Crime and Incarceration
Incarceration can sometimes be dependent upon a persons race, income level, education sexual orientation.
-some people may be more discriminated against than others.
Prison Life: A Day
Written by Marilyn Buck an american marxist revolutionary and feminist poet that was imprisoned for 80 years. Her story is about her daily life in prison. Talks about constant tension and guard.
A Mother's Love
By Andrea James. She talked about how many women in prison are mothers and miss their children.
-most women are in prison for long mandatory minimum drug sentences
-she learned to see past labels of bad mother, junkie etc when serving her sentence
Estelle v Gamble
The supreme court declared that ignoring a prisoners serious health problems violates the 8th amendment but medical needs are still not being met.
Three Macro and Global Level Factors for Imprisonment
1. Globalization and the racialized feminization of poverty.
2. prison industrial complex
3. global war on drugs.
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