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17 terms

Circulatory Diseases

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Anemia
a deficiency of red blood cells
Iron Deficiency Anemia
a form of anemia due to lack of iron in the diet or to iron loss as a result of chronic bleeding
Aplastic Anemia
failure of blood cell production in the bone marrow
Pernicious Anemia
lack of mature erythrocytes caused by inability to absorb vitamin B12 into the body
Sickle Cell Anemia
caused by inheriting defective recessive genes from both parents, more commonly occurs in African-Americans
Aneurysm
ballooning of a weakened portion of an arterial wall
Arteriosclerosis
hardening of the arteries
Atherosclerosis
condition in which fatty deposits called plaque build up on the inner walls of the arteries
Congestive Heart Failure
inability to pump enough blood to avoid congestion in the tissues
Embolus
A clot that breaks lose and travels through the bloodstream.
Hemophilia
a group of hereditary bleeding disorders in which there is a defect in clotting factors necessary for the coagulation of blood
Hypertension
a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high (a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or greater)
Leukemia
cancer of white blood cells
Myocardial Infarction
heart attack
Phlebitis
inflammation of a vein
thrombophlebitis
inflammation of a vein associated with a clot
Varicose Vein
a vein that is dilated and twisted in appearance due to leaky venous valves