Occurs when an author attempts to attack an opponent's position by ignoring the actual statements made by the opposing speaker and instead distorts and refashions the argument, making it weaker in the process. In figurative terms, a "straw" argument is built up which is easier for the author to knock down
Often accompanied by "what you're saying is" or "if i understand you correctly"
"Refutes a distorted version of an opposing position"
"Misdescribing the opposing position, thus making it easier to challenge"
"Portrays opponents' views as more extreme than they really are"
"distorts the proposal advocated by opponents"