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25 terms

Organic compounds in cells

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Carbon
the common element in all 4 macromolecules
(Carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acid, protein)
Carbohydrates
elements include carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
Carbohydrates
main energy source for plants and animals
Carbohydrates
used for strength and structure
Carbohydrates
examples are starches and sugars
Carbohydrates
can be one long piece (glucose)
Carbohydrates
can be many pieces long (starch)
Lipids (fats)
elements include carbon and hydrogen (oxygen)
Lipids (fats)
used for energy storage (fats insulate organisms and allow animals to hibernate)
Lipids (fats)
makes up cell membranes
Lipids (fats)
used as chemical messengers
Lipids (fats)
examples are fats, oils, and waxes
Lipids (fats)
H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H O
H-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-O-H
H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H
nucleic acids
...
nucleic acids
deoxyribonucleic acid DNA
nucleic acids
ribonucleic acid RNA (DNA's helper)
nucleic acids
elements include carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorus
nucleic acids
they serve as a blueprint for making living things
nucleic acids
each piece of it is called a nucleotide
proteins
elements include carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and sulfur
proteins
provides structural support (muscles)
proteins
antibodies (fight illness)
proteins
speed up chemical reactions
proteins
examples are: keratin, hemoglobin, melatonin, insulin, and malanin
proteins
one piece is called an amino acid