52 terms

Personality

STUDY
PLAY
Theories of Personality
types, traits, psychodynamics, and humanistic
are personality types distinct, or do they overlap?
distinct
Who came up with somotypes?
Sheldon
endomorph body type
short and plump
endomorph personality
sociable, relaxed, and even tempered
ectomorph
tall and thin
ectomorph personality
restrained, self conscious, and fond of solitude
mesomorph body type
heavy set and muscular
mesomorph personality
noisy, callous, and fond of physical activity
Who came up with introvert vs. extrovert?
Eysenck
another type theory
type a vs. type b
5 factor model of personality
Openness
Conscientiousness
Extraversion
Agreeableness
Neuroticism
Criticism on type and trait theories
1. identify but dont explain behavior
2. People are not always consistent
3. Traits emerge more in familiar situations
4. No conception of development
psychodynamics
Freud
what kind of cure did he use
"the talking cure"
ID had two kinds of instincts
life and death
another word for life instincts
eros
another word for source of energy
libido
death instincts are responsible for __________ and __________
agression and destruction
id operates on the ________ principle
pleasure
the iceberg model represents the
id
represents values and morals (just as relentless as id in trying to get a person to act a certain way)
superego
operates on reality principle by mediating impulsive demands of id, restraining demands of super ego, and real life demands of external world
ego
the ego is the _____
self
the ego uses three defense mechanisms
1. denial
2. projection
3. rationalization
Freud believed that personality is affected by how a child deals with changes in the focus of the _____ on different parts of the body as the child gets older
id
Psychosexual development stages
1. oral
2. anal
3. phallic
4. latency
4. genital
oral
0-18 months
anal
18 months-3 years
phallic
3-6 years old
latency
6-puberty
genital
puberty
latency definiton
exploring the environment and developing skills
The Oedipus Complex
1. the child seeks external object for his erotic urges
2. the external object is mom
3. dad is in the way
4. fear of dad castrating him
5. throws in the towel- renounces mom and identifies with dad
The Electra complex
1. female decides mom castrated her(penis envy)
2. hates mom and loves dad
3. throws in the towel- renounces dad and identifies with mom
fixation....
at a stage can affect personality later in life
criticisms of psychodynamic theory
1. based on what he observed with adults not children
2. terms are ambiguous
3. offers after the fact explanations
4. sexual conflicts from childhood are not the only cause of personality
positive aspects of psychodynamic theory
1. emphasis on internal conflict
2. discussion of sex led to the scientific study of sexuality
3. scope of theoretical contribution
humanistic theory
adapt, learn, grow, and excel
is there emphasis on childhood in humanistic?
no
does humanistic theory like freud?
no
humanistic theory deals with ________ ________
self actualization
criticism of humanistic theory
1. concepts are unclear
2. neglect of person's past
3. neglect of environmental variables
4. inability to predict behavior
5. little to say about individual differences
personality assessment techniques
objective personality tests, behavior observation, interviews, and projective measures
initials of personality test
MMPI
projective measures(2 types)
TAT and Rorschach test
TAT
show someone a picture and they have to tell a story about it
Rorschach test
inkblots
using whole ink blot indicates
integrative thinking
using color indicates
emotionality and impulsiveness
using movement indicates
imagination and a richer inner life
true of false-- personality tests have high predictive values
false