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Educational Psychology- Final (U.Iowa)
Terms in this set (35)
A new interdisciplinary science of learning has emerged, based on research psychology, education, computer science, philosophy, sociology, anthropology, neuroscience, and other fields that study learning.
View that emphasizes the active role of the learner, in building understanding, and making sense of information
1st wave constructivism (piaget)
A focus on the individed and psychological sources of knowing.
Second Wave constructivism
A focus on the social and cultural sources of knowing, as in Vygotsky's theory
Knowledge is assumed to be the individual's construction; it cannot be judged right or wrong
is learning about different situations in which you can learn
Transfer of Learning
Students to gain knowledge in schools that they can use both in schools and out of schools.
Approach in which the teacher presents a puzziling situation and students solve the placement gathering dat and testing conclusions.
Problem based learning
Methods that provide students with realistic problems that dont necessarly have a right awnser
Situations where elaboration, interpretation, explanation, and argumentation are integral to the activity of the group and where learning is supported by other individuals
Students work in pairs or triads to ask, and answer questions about lesson material
A learning process in which each student is part of a group and each group member is assigned part of the material to be learned by the whole group. Students become "expert" on their piece and then teach it to the others in their group
actions teachers take to create an environment that supports and facilitates both academic and social-emotional learning
descriptions of standards for acceptable behavior
guidelines for accomplishing recurring tasks, such as sharpening pencils and making transitions from one activity to another
Prevent Management Problems
4. Movement Management
a teacher's awareness of what is going on in all parts of the classroom at all times and communicating this awareness to students
a teachers procedure that allows to be effective when two situations occur at the same time.
an approach to classroom management that promotes a clear and firm response style with students
Goals of class management
1 .Access to learning.
2. More time for learning
3. Management for self management
teachers identify learning objectives, prepare and sequence examples and other representations of content and design assessments.
5 essential components for planning instruction
2. Preparing Learning Objectives
3. Preparing and Organizing Learning Activities
4. Planning for Assessment
5. Instructional Alignment
higher order thinking skills: knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation. These can be used when planning lessons
Mager Writing Strategy
Start with the specific when writting
Norman Writing Strategy
Start with the general when writting
The prices of silence that occurs both before and after calling on a student
General term that covers all kinds of ways to understand what students know and are learning
Monitors students learning to provide ongoing feed back
Helps teacher tell where the student is struggling
Evaluate student learning by comparing it to a bench mark
Final :) HIGH STAKES
Testing in a manner that reflects authentic use. You want students to learn how to write a letter- then you practice/test how to write a letter
is an evaluation tool used to document student learning through a series of student-developed artifacts.
refers to how well a test measures what it is purposed to measure.
Ex: When designing a rubric for history one could assess student's knowledge across the discipline. If the measure can provide information that students are lacking knowledge in a certain area, for instance the Civil Rights Movement, then that assessment tool is providing meaningful information that can be used to improve the course or program requirements.
is the degree to which an assessment tool produces stable and consistent results
Ex: A test designed to assess student learning in psychology could be given to a group of students twice, with the second administration perhaps coming a week after the first. The obtained correlation coefficient would indicate the stability of the scores.
grading system in which teachers make assessment decisions according to a predetermined standard
grading a grading system in which teachers base assessment decsions about an individual's work on comparisons with the work of peer
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