50 terms

Law and order,crime and punishment

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Terms in this set (...)

The Trial
The process of examining a case in a court law and deciding where someone is guilty or innocent.
To trial
To test something thoroughly to see if it works
To be convicted
Proved to be guilty of a crime by a court of law
To arrest
To take a person to a police station because the police believe he or she has committed a crime. Someone who has been arrested is under arrest, and if they are not allowed to leave, they are in custody
The Pardon
an official decision to forgive someone for committing a crime and to free them from prison
A suspect
a person thought to be guilty of a crime or offence
To be Confessed
admitting that you have done something or that you are a particular type of person
Make inquiry
an official examination of a crime, accident, problem etc, in order to get information or the truth
Innocent
not guilty of a crime
The Judges
someone whose job is to make decisions in a court of law
To Try
to judge a person or case in a court of law
The Court
a place where trials take place and legal cases are decided, especially in front of a judge and a jury or a magistrate.
To announce/pass sentence
a punishment given by a judge, usually involving a period of time that a person must spend in prison
To charge
an official statement accusing someone of committing a crime
A Plea
a statement that someone makes in a court of law to say whether they are guilty of a crime or not
The custody
a situation in which someone is kept in prison until they go to court for trial
The Jury
a group of people, usually 12, who judge a court case. Members of a jury are ordinary members of the public
The Appeal
a formal request for a court of law or similar authority to change its decision
To Apprehend
to arrest someone (formal)
The Statements
a formal written account of events that a person who has seen a crime or who has been accused of a crime gives to the police
Guilty
someone who is guilty has committed a crime
Execution
the act of killing a person as a punishment for a crime
To drop
Decision by a prosecutor not to go forward with charging a crime
The hunt
The act of conducting a search for something
To deny
to say that you did not do something that someone has accused you of doing
Crime
an illegal activity or action
To Commit suicide
the action of deliberately killing yourself
To prosecute
to officially accuse someone of a crime and ask a court of law to judge them
A victim
someone who has been harmed, injured, or killed as the result of a crime
A culprit
someone who is responsible for doing something bad or illegal
To break into
To enter or open (a place, vehicle, or container) forcibly, especially for the purposes of theft
An Accomplice
someone who helps another person to do something illegal or wrong
An intruder
someone who enters a place where they are not allowed to go, especially to commit a crime
To assault
to attack someone violently
A trap
a trick that is designed to catch someone or to make them do or say something.
A burglar
someone who enters a building illegally in order to steal things
An alimony
money that someone pays to support a husband or wife who they are no longer married to
*To bring a civil action
any lawsuit relating to civil matters and not criminal prosecution
A barrister
a lawyer in England or Wales who is allowed to speak in the higher law courts
To handle
to be responsible for doing a particular job or piece of work
To sue
to make a legal claim against someone.The legal claim is called a lawsuit
A solicitor (advocate)
in the UK, a lawyer who gives legal advice, writes legal contracts, and represents people in the lower courts of law
To rape
the crime of forcing someone to have sex by using violence
To Post a bail
To pay money to a court when someone is allowed to stay out of prison until their trial.
A mercy-killing (euthanasia)
the act of killing someone who is dying in order to stop them from suffering any longer
A capital punishment
the legally authorized killing of someone as punishment for a crime
To abolish
To officially get rid of a law or system or practice
A breach of promise
the action of breaking a sworn assurance to do something, formerly especially to marry someone
A slander or libel
the illegal act of writing things about someone that are not true and is likely to damage their reputation
A negligence
Failure to care or attention.

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