a branch of human geography concerned with the spatial analysis of political phenomena.
territory controlled by a government (must have a permanent population, organized government, recognizeable borders, and soverignty)
The desire on the bhalf of a group that sees itself as a nation to achieve self-government through the establishment or promotion of a nation-state with genuine sovereignty
ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states
vertical plane between states that cuts through the rocks below, and the airspace above the surface
The written legal description of a boundary between two countries or territories.
The translation of the written terms of a boundary treaty into an official cartographic representation.
The actual placing of a political boundary on the landscape by means of barriers, fences, walls, or other markers.
A piece of territory that is surrounded by another political unit of which it is not a part.
a bounded territory that is part of a particular state but lies separated from it by the territory of another state.
A political boundary that separates territiories according to natural features in the landscpae, such as mountains, rivers, or deserts
Political boundaries that coincide with cultural breaks in the landscape, such as language, religion, and ethnicity.
a boundary that existed beforethe cultural landscape emerged and stayed in place while people moved in to occupy the surrounding area...
a boundary that developed with the evolution of the cultural landscape and is adjusted as the cultural landscape changes.
A political boundary placed by powerful outsiders on a developed human landscape. Usually ignores pre-existing cultural-spatial patterns, such as the border that now divides North and South Korea.
a political boundary that has ceased to function but the imprint of which can still be detected on the cultural landscape
the study of the interplay between political relations and the territorial context in which they occur
A nation which is an aggregate of organisms would itself function and behave as an organism.
a geopolitical hypothesis proposed by British geographer Harold Mackinder that states that any political power based in the heart of Eurasia could gain strength to eventually dominate the world.
Nicholas Spykman's theory that the domination of the coastal fringes of Eurasia would provided the base for world conquest.
The territorial nucleus from which a country grows in an area and over time, often containing the national capital and the main center of commerce, culture, and industry.
A state that possesses more than one core or dominant region, whether its economic, political or cultural.
A political-territorial system wherein a central government represents the various entities within a nation-state where they have comment interest yet allow these various entities to retain their own identities.
An internal organization of a state that places most power in the hands of central government officials
Capital city positioned in actually or potentially contested territory, usually near an international border; it confirms the state's determination to maintain its presence in the region in contention.
Subfield of geography that deals with various spatial aspects of voting systems, voting behaviors, and voter representation.
an act of gerrymandering (dividing a voting area so as to give your own party an unfair advantage)
a venture involving 3 or more national states political economic or cultural cooperation to promote shared objectives
Law of the sea
laws establishing states' rights and responsibilities concerning the ownership and use of the Earth's waters and their resources.
In September 1945, the president this was named after proclaimed that the United States would regulate fisheries' activities in areas of the high seas adjacent to its coastline, and that U.S. jurisdiction over the continental shelf and its contents would be limited to the region within the 600-foot isobath.
The system of drawing a political boundary midway between two states' coastlines when the territorial seas or EEZ are narrower than twice the standard or adopted limit.
Isolate a country that behaves in a way that is deemed inappropriate by the international community
Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)
an oceanic zone extending up to 200 nautical miles from a shoreline, where the coastal state can control fishing, mineral exploitation, and additional activites by all other countries
expansion of economic, political, and cultural aspects to the point that they become global in scale and impact.
the process whereby regions within a state demand and gain political strength and growing autonomy at the expense of the central government
New World Order
A description of the international system resulting from the collapse of the Soviet Union in which the balance of nuclear terror theoretically no longer determined the destinies of states.