13 terms

AP Gov Key Terms - Chapter 15

equality of opportunity
a universally shared American ideal, according to which all have the freedom to use whatever talents and wealth they posses to reach their full potential
contributory programs
social programs financed in whole or in part by taxation or other mandatory contributions by their present or future recipients. The most important example is Social Security, which is financed by a payroll tax
Social Security
a contributory welfare program in which working American place a percentage of their wages and from which they receive cash benefits after retirement
the process of periodically adjusting social benefits or wages to account for increases in the cost of living
National health insurance for the elderly and disabled
noncontributory programs
social programs that assist people based on demonstrated need rather than contributions they have made; also known as public assistance programs
Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC)
Federal funds for children in families that fall below state standards of need. In 1996, Congress abolished AFDC, the largest federal cash transfer program, and replaced it with the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant
means testing
a procedure that determines eligibility for government public assistance programs. A potential beneficiary must show a need and an inability to provide that need
a federally financed state-operated program for medical services to low-income people
Supplemental Security Income (SSI)
a program providing a minimum monthly income to people who pass a means test and are sixty-five years old or older, blind, or disabled. Financed from general revenues that are not Social Security contributions
Food Stamps
the largest in-kind benefits program, administered by the Department of Agriculture, providing coupons to individuals and families who satisfy a means test. Food Stamps can be exchanged for food at most grocery stores
in-kind benefits
Goods and services provided to needy individuals and families bu the federal government, as contrasted with cash benefits. The largest in-kind federal welfare program is Food Stamps
the elegibility for benefits by virtue of a category defined by law. Categories can be changed only by legislation; deprivation of individual benefits can be determined only through due process in court