Create an account
equality of opportunity
a universally shared American ideal, according to which all have the freedom to use whatever talents and wealth they posses to reach their full potential
social programs financed in whole or in part by taxation or other mandatory contributions by their present or future recipients. The most important example is Social Security, which is financed by a payroll tax
a contributory welfare program in which working American place a percentage of their wages and from which they receive cash benefits after retirement
the process of periodically adjusting social benefits or wages to account for increases in the cost of living
social programs that assist people based on demonstrated need rather than contributions they have made; also known as public assistance programs
Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC)
Federal funds for children in families that fall below state standards of need. In 1996, Congress abolished AFDC, the largest federal cash transfer program, and replaced it with the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant
a procedure that determines eligibility for government public assistance programs. A potential beneficiary must show a need and an inability to provide that need
Supplemental Security Income (SSI)
a program providing a minimum monthly income to people who pass a means test and are sixty-five years old or older, blind, or disabled. Financed from general revenues that are not Social Security contributions
the largest in-kind benefits program, administered by the Department of Agriculture, providing coupons to individuals and families who satisfy a means test. Food Stamps can be exchanged for food at most grocery stores
Goods and services provided to needy individuals and families bu the federal government, as contrasted with cash benefits. The largest in-kind federal welfare program is Food Stamps
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together