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90 terms

PSYC FINAL

STUDY
PLAY
MOTIVATION
A NEED OR DESIRE THAT ENERGIZES AND DIRECTS BEHAVIOR
INSTINCT
A COMPLEX BEHAVIOR THAT IS RIGIDLY PATTERNED THROUGH A SPECIES AND IS UNLEARNED
DRIVE-REDUCTION THEORY
THE IDEA THAT A PHYSIOLOGICAL NEED CREATES AN AROUSED TENSION STATE THAT MOTIVATES AN ORGANISM
HOMEOSTASIS
A TENDENCY TO MAINTAIN A BALANCED OR CONSTANT INTERNAL STATE.
INCENTIVE
A POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE ENVIRONMENT STIMULUS THAT MOTIVATES BEHAVIOR
HIERARCHY OF NEEDS
MASLOW PYRAMID OF HUMAN NEEDS
GLUCOSE
THE FORM OF SUGAR THAT WHEN LOW MAKES US FEEL HUNGRY
SET POINT
WHEN THE BODY FALLS BELOW THIS WEIGHT, AN INCREASE IN HUNGER AND A LOWERED METABOLIC RATE MAY ACT TO RESTORE THE LOST WEIGHT.
BASAL METABOLIC RATE
THE BODY RESTING RATE OF ENERGY EXPENDITURE
ANOREXIA NERVOSA
AN EATING DISORDER IN WHICH A PERSON DIETS AND BECOMES SIGNIFICANTLY UNDERWEIGHT.
BULIMIA NERVOSA
AN EATING DISORDER CHARACTERIZED BY EPISODES OF OVEREATING, FOLLOWED BY VOMITING
SEXUAL RESPOND CYCLE
THAT FOUR STAGES OF SEXUAL RESPONDING DESCRIBED BY MASTERS AND JOHNSON-EXCITEMENT, PLATEAU, ORGANISM AND RESOLUTION
REFRACTION PERIOD
A RESTING PERIOD AFTER ORGASM.
SEXUAL DISORDER
A PROBLEM THAT CONSISTENTLY IMPAIRS SEXUAL AROUSAL OF FUNCTIONING.
FLOW
A COMPLETE ENGAGEMENT IN AN ACTIVITY , LOSS OF SENSE OF TIME OR A SENSE OF TIME SLOWING DOWN, NO SELF CONSCIOUSNESS.
EMOTION
A RESPONSE OF THE WHOLE ORGANISM, INVOLVING PHYSIOLOGICAL AROUSAL, EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIORS, AND CONSCIOUS EXPERIENCES.
JAMES-LANGE THEORY
THEORY THAT OUR EXPERIENCES IF EMOTION IS OUR AWARENESS OF OUR PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSES TO EMOTION-AROUSING STIMULI.
CANNON-BARD THEORY
THE THEORY THAT AN EMOTION-AROUSING STIMULUS SIMULTANEOUSLY TRIGGERS PSYCHOLOGICAL RESPONSES AND THE SUBJECTIVE EXPERIENCE OF EMOTION
TWO FACTOR THEORY
THE SCHACHTER-SINGER THEORY THAT TO EXPERIENCE EMOTION ONE MUST BE PHYSICALLY AROUSED AND COGNITIVELY LABEL THE AROUSAL.
CATHARIS
EMOTIONAL RELEASE. RELEASING AGGRESSIVE ENERGY RELIEVES AGGRESSIVE URGES
FEEL-GOOD, DO-GOOD PHENOMENON
PEOPLES TENDENCY TO BE HELPFUL WHEN ALREADY IN A GOOD MOOD.
SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING
SELF-PERCEIVED HAPPINESS OR SATISFACTION WITH LIFE.
ADAPTATION- LEVEL PHENOMENON
OUR TENDENCY TO FORM JUDGMENTS RELATIVE TO A NEUTRAL LEVEL DEFINED BY OUR PRIOR EXPERIENCES.
RELATIVE DEPRIVATION
THE PERCEPTION THAT ONE OS WORSE OFF RELATIVE TO THOSE WITH WHOM ONE COMPARES ONESELF.
BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE
AN INTERDISCIPLINARY FIELD THAT INTEGRATES BEHAVIORAL AND MEDICAL KNOWLEDGE AND APPLIES THAT KNOWLEDGE TO HEALTH AND DISEASE.
HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY
A SUBFIELD OF PSYCHOLOGY THAT PROVIDES PSYCHOLOGIST'S CONTRIBUTION TO BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE.
STRESS
THE PROCESS BY WHICH WE PERCEIVE AND RESPOND TO CERTAIN EVENTS CALLED STRESSORS, THAT WE APPRAISE AS THREATENING OR CHALLENGING.
GENERAL ADAPTATION SYNDROME
SELYE'S CONCEPT OF THE BODY'S ADAPTIVE RESPONSES TO STRESS IN THREE PHASES- ALARM, RESISTANCE, EXHAUSION.
TYPE A
FRIEDMAN AND ROSEMAN'S TERM FOR COMPETITIVE, HARD- DRIVING, IMPATIENT, VERBALLY AGGRESSIVE, AND ANGER-PRONE PEOPLE.
TYPE B
FRIEDMAN AND ROSEMAN'S TERM FOR EASYGOING, RELAXED PEOPLE/
COPING
ALLEVIATES STRESS UNSING EMOTIONAL, COGNITIVE, OR BEHAVIORAL METHODS.
PROBLEM-FOCUSED COPING
ATTEMPTING TO ALLEVIATE STRESS DIRECTLY- BY CHANGING THE STRESOR OR THE WAY WE INTERACT WIT THAT STRESOR.
EMOTION-FOCUSED COPING
ATTEMPTING TO ALLEVIATE STRESS BY AVOIDING OR IGNORING A STRESOR AND ATTENDING TO EMOTIONAL NEEDS RELATED TO ONES STRESS REACTION.
AEROBIC EXERCISE
SUSTAINED EXERCISE THAT INCREASES HEART AND LUNG FITNESS; MAY ALSO REDUCE STRESS, DEPRESSION, AND ANXIETY.
PERSONALITY
AN INDIVIDUAL'S CHARACTERISTIC PATTERN OF THINKING, FEELING, AND ACTING.
FREE ASSOCIATION
A METHOD OF EXPLORING THE UNCONSCIOUS IN WHICH THE PERSON RELAXES AND SAYS WHATEVER COMES TO MIND, NO MATTER HOW TRIVIAL OR EMBARRASSING.
PSYCHOANALYSIS
Freud's Theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts; the technique used in treating psychological disorders
unconscious
a resevoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes. feelings. and memories.
id
CONTAINS A RESERVOIR OF UNCONSCIOUS PSYCHIC ENERGY THAT STRIVES TO SATISFY BASIC SEXUAL AND AGGRESSIVE DRIVES
EGO
THE LARGELY CONSCIOUS PART OF PERSONALITY THAT, MEDIATES AMONG THE DEMANDS OF THE ID
REPRESSION
THE BASIC DEFENSE MECHANISM THAT BANISHES ANXIETY-AROUSING THOUGHTS, FEELINGS, AND MEMORIES FROM CONSCIOUSNESS
DEFENSE MECHANISM
THE EGOS PROTECTIVE METHOD OF REDUCING ANXIETY BY UNCONSCIOUS DISTORTING REALITY
REACTION FORMATION
WHEN THE EGO UNCONSCIOUSLY SWITCHES UNACCEPTABLE IMPULSES INTO THEIR OPPOSITES.
PROJECTION
WHICH PEOPLE DISGUISE THEIR OWN THREATENING IMPULSES BY ATTRIBUTING THEM TO OTHERS
RATIONALIZATION
DEFENSE MECHANISM THAT OFFERS SELF-JUSTIFYING EXPLANATION IN PLACE OF THE REAL, MORE THREATENING.
DISPLACEMENT
DIVERT SEXUAL OR AGGRESSIVE IMPULSES TOWARD AN OBJECT OR PERSON.
DENIAL
WHEN PEOPLE REFUSE TO ACCEPT REALITY
THEMATIC APPERCEPTION TEST
TEST USED TO SHOW A CLIENT A PICTURE AND EXPRESS IT WITH THEIR INNER THOUGHTS.
RORSCHACH INKBLOT TEST
TEST THAT USES INKBLOT IMAGES TO DETERMINE PEOPLES INNER FEELINGS.
SELF-ACTUALIZATION
MOTIVATION TO FULFILL ONES POTENTIAL
SELF-CONCEPT
WHO AM I?
TRAIT
CHARACTERISTIC PATTERN OF BEHAVIOR OR A DISPOSITION TO FEEL AND ACT, AS ASSESSED BY SELF-REPORT INVENTORIES AND PEER REPORTS.
SOCIAL-COGNITIVE PERSPECTIVE
VIEWS BEHAVIOR AS INFLUENCED BY THE INTERACTION BETWEEN PEOPLES TRAITS AND THEIR SOCIAL CONTEXT.
RECIPROCAL DETERMINISM
THE INTERACTING INFLUENCES OF BEHAVIOR, INTERNAL COGNITION AND ENVIRONMENT.
PERSONAL CONTROL
THE EXTENT TO WHICH PEOPLE PERCEIVE CONTROL OVER THEIR ENVIRONMENT RATHER THAN FEELING HELPLESS.
INTERNAL LOCUS OF CONTROL
YOU PERCEIVE YOUR OWN FATE
SPOTLIGHT EFFECT
OVERESTIMATING OTHERS NOTICING AND EVALUATING OUR APPEARANCE PERFORMANCE, AND BLUNDERS
SELF-ESTEEM
ONES FEELING OF HIGH OR LOW SELF WORTH.
SELF SERVING BIAS
A READINESS TO PERCEIVE ONESELF FAVORABLY
PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDER
DEVIANT, DISTRESSFUL, AND DYSFUNCTIONAL PATTERNS OF THOUGHTS, FEELINGS OR BEHAVIOR.
ADHD
EXTREME INATTENTION, HYPERACTIVITY, AND IMPULSIVE
ANXIETY DISORDERS
DISTRESSING, PERSISTENT ANXIETY OR MALADAPTIVE BEHAVIORS THAT REDUCE ANXIETY.
PHOBIA
DISORDER MARKED BY AN IRRATIONAL FEAR AND AVOIDANCE OF A SPECIFIC OBJECT OR SITUATION
OCD
AN ANXIETY DISORDER CHARACTERIZED BY UNWANTED REPETITIVE THOUGHTS AND OR ACTIONS
PTSD
DISORDER CHARACTERIZED BY HAUNTING MEMORIES, NIGHTMARES, SOCIAL WITHDRAW, JUMPY ANXIETY AND INSOMNIA THAT LINGERS FOR FOUR WEEKS OR MORE AFTER A TRAUMATIC EXPERIENCE.
POST TRAUMATIC GROWTH
POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGICAL CHANGES AS A RESULT OF STRUGGLING WITH EXTREMELY CHALLENGING CIRCUMSTANCES AND LIFE CRISES
DISSOCIATIVE DISORDERS
DISORDER IN WHICH CONSCIOUS AWARENESS BECOMES SEPARATED FROM PREVIOUS MEMORIES, THOUGHTS AND FEELINGS
DID
A PERSON IN WHICH INHIBITS TWO OR MORE PERSONALITIES ALSO KNOW AS MULTIPLE PERSONALITY DISORDER
PERSONALITY DISORDER
DISORDER THAT CHARACTERIZES BY INFLEXIBLE AND ENDURING BEHAVIOR PATTERNS THAT IMPAIR SOCIAL FUNCTIONING
ANTI SOCIAL DISORDER
DISORDER THAT A PERSON IN NOT CONCISION AWARE OF ITS WRONG DOING EVEN TOWARDS FRIEND AND FAMILY. MAY BE AGGRESSIVE AND RUTHLESS OR A CLEVER CON ARTIST
SCHIZOPHRENIA
A GROUP OF SEVERE DISORDERS CHARACTERIZED BY DISORGANIZED AND DELUSION THINKING, DISTURBED PERCEPTION, AND INAPPROPRIATE EMOTIONS AND ACTIONS
PSYCHOSES
GROSS DISTURBANCE INVOLVING LOSS OF REALITY CONTACT, SEVERELY INHIBIT CAPACITY TO MAINTAIN RELATIONSHIP AND TO WORK
DELUSIONS
FALSE BELIEFS, OFTEN OF PERSECUTION OR GRANDEUR, THAT MAY ACCOMPANY PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS
PSYCHOTHERAPY
TREATMENT WHICH CONSIST OF INTERACTING BETWEEN A TRAINED THERAPIST AND SOMEONE SEEKING TO OVERCOME PSYCHOLOGICAL DIFFICULTIES OR ACHIEVE PERSONAL GROWTH.
PSYCHOANALYSIS
...
RESISTANCE
THE BLOCKING FROM CONSCIOUSNESS OF ANXIETYLADEN MATERIAL
INTERPRETATION
...
COGNITIVE THERAPY
THERAPY THAT TEACHES PEOPLE NEW, MORE ADAPTIVE WAYS THINKING AND ACTING; BASED ON THE ASSUMPTION THAT THOUGHTS INTERVENE, BETWEEN EVENTS AND OUR EMOTIONAL REACTION.
COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR THERAPY
A POPULAR INTEGRATIVE THERAPY THAT COMBINES COGNITIVE THERAPY WITH BEHAVIOR THERAPY.
PSYCHOTHERAPY
TREATMENT INVOLVING PSYCHOLOGICAL TECHNIQUES; CONSIST OF INTERACTIONS BETWEEN A TRAINED THERAPIST AND SOMEONE SEEKING TO OVERCOME PSYCHOLOGICAL DIFFICULTIES OR ACHIEVE PERSONAL GROWTH.
MOTIVATION
MOVING FORCE THAT ENERGIZES A BEHAVIOR, ALL PROCESSES INVOLVED IN STARTING, DIRECTING AND MAINTAING PHYSICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES.
DIRECTION AND STRENGTH
TWO COMPONENTS OF MOTIVATION
BIOLOGICAL MOTIVATION
HUNGER AND THIRST
SOCIAL MOTIVATION
ACHIEVEMENT AND AFFILIATION
ATTENTION TO MOTIVATION
TO ACCOUNT FOR BEHAVIORAL VARIABILITY
TO INFER PRIVATE STATES FROM PUBLIC ACTS
TO ASSIGN RESPONSIBILITY FOR ACTION
TO EXPLAIN PERSEVERANCE AND LACK THEREOF
SEXUAL BEHAVIOR
CROSS CULTURALLY
INERINDIVIDUAL
GENDER
SEXUAL NORMS
SEXUAL ORIENTATION
SEXUAL NORMS
CULTURALLY ACQUIRED BEHAVIORS APPROPRIATE FROM EXPRESSION OF SEXUAL IMPULSES
SEXUAL SCRIPTS
LEARNED NORMATIVE CODES OF BEHAVIOR IN SEXUAL RESPONSIVENESS
IMPLICIT RESPONSIVENESS
EXPECTATION FOR SELF, PARTNER, GENDER
INTRINSIC MOTIVATION
INNATE TENDENCY TO DO WHAT ONE FINDS INTERESTING AND ENJOYABLE
BENEFITS OF INTRINSIC MOTIVATION
HAPPINESS PERSISTENCE AND HIGH ACHIEVEMENTS