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info tech 8
Terms in this set (67)
Program that attempts to remove spam before it reaches a user's inbox.
Program that protects a computer against viruses by identifying and removing any computer viruses found in memory, on storage media, or on incoming files.
A program that automatically copies data from the hard drive to a backup storage device.
Basic input output system
A floppy disk or CD that contains the files needed for the boot process
Drive from which a personal computer boots (starts)
The process of starting and initializing a computer system.
A quantity of materials awaiting further processing
CD/DVD burning software
software that burns information onto a CD/DVD disc
Process of turning on a computer that has been powered off completely
reorganizing a disk so that the files are stored in contiguous sectors, thus speeding up disk access and the performance of the entire computer
Software designed to help troubleshoot a computer problem.
A utility that regroups related pieces of files on the hard drive, enabling faster retrieval of the data.
a utility that searches for and removes unnecessary files
a program that determines how a computer will communicate with a peripheral device
embedded operating system
Similar in principle to operating systems such as Windows or Linux, embedded operating systems are smaller and generally less capable than desktop operating systems
file compression utility
A program that reduces the size of files without harming the data.
An application software that can access, create, modify, store and retrieve files.
A location on disk where you can store files.
allows users to display, copy, and print the contents of a graphics file
an open-source version of the UNIX operating system
the action of gaining access to a computer or a network by entering a username and password; also called login/sign in
Mac OS X
the Macintosh operating system
Macintosh operating system
Operating system for Apple's Macintosh computer Mac OS X
a program that allows you to play audio, video, and mixed-media files
Part of the operating system which controls where programs and data are placed in the main memory
network operating system
An operating system that runs on a network server.
operating system (OS)
System software that provides an interface between the user or application program and the computer hardware.
a secret word or phrase that must be used to gain access
Operating system program that assesses and reports information about various computer resources and devices.
personal computer maintenance utility
Utility program that identifies and fixes operating system problems, detects and repairs disk problems, and includes the capability of improving a computer's performance.
a firewall specifically designed for home networks
Plug and Play
The capability of windows based pc operating systems to detect new,compatible devices
Pocket PC OS is a scaled-down operating system developed by Microsoft that works on a specific type of handheld computer
Filtering program that stops pop-up ads from displaying on Web pages.
an ordered list of tasks to be performed or messages to be transmitted
Contains a few system files that will start the computer.
Program that reverses the backup process and returns backed up files to their original form.
Utility program that causes a display device's screen to show a moving image or blank screen if no mouse activity occurs for a specified time.
a program that attempts to locate a file on your computer based on criteria you specify
A menu that appears when you right-click something in the program window; it contains a list of commands you are most likely to use with the item or text you right-clicked.
A process working in the background to enable several print files to go to a single printer.
Program that detects and deletes spyware and other similar programs on a user's computer.
stand-alone operating system
a complete operating system that works on a desktop computer, notebook computer, or mobile computing device
software responsible for the general operation of a computer system, including the operation of hardware, running application software, and file management
A program advertised as performing one activity but actually doing something else.
image is saved in a file format that doesn't compress the pixels in the image at all
Utility program that removes a program, as well as any associated entries in the system files.
An operating system developed in the 1970s for midrange servers and mainframes; many variations of this operating system are in use today.
Unique combination of characters, such as letters of the alphabet and/or numbers, that identifies a specific user
A program that controls a display for the user (usually on a computer monitor) and that allows the user to interact with the system
Unique combination of characters, such as letters of the alphabet and/or numbers, that identifies a specific user.
A type of system software that allows a user to perform maintenance-type tasks, usually related to managing a computer, its devices, or its programs
a program designed for general support of the processes of a computer
memory created by using the hard disk to simulate additional random-access memory
A piece of code that is capable of copying itself and typically has a detrimental effect, such as corrupting the system or destroying data
Process of using the operating system to restart a computer
Web filtering software
Program that restricts access to certain material on the Web.
a scaled-down Windows operating system, designed for including or embedding in mobile and other devices with limited funcionally
version of the Windows operating system that runs on smart phones and other types of handheld computers
Windows Server 2003
microsoft's server operating system that is available in 4 editions: standard, enterprise, datacenter, and web
Windows Server 2003 Family
This function provides backward compatibility for Windows Server 2003 computers by providing access to two Windows Server 2003 features: the File Replication Service and the Indexing Services
Microsoft's fastest, most reliable and efficient operating system, offering quicker application start up, built-in diagnostics, automatic recovery, improved security, and enhanced searching and organizing capabilities
the most popular 32-bit operating system for the PC
A destructive computer program that bores its way through a computer's files or through a computer's network.
Type of compressed files that usually have a .zip extension.
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