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Lit terms and poetry types
Mrs. Burke's 8th grade
a long poem that tells a story (often sad) and can be set to music. Usually has a repeating stanza - refrain
a poem that laments or meditates on the passing or death of something or someone of value
long poem that tells the story of a hero and often begins with the poet calling on a source of inspiration
a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme ends in a couplet
a poem of varied line length praising something or someone
what happens in a story, the events or conflicts
A symbolic story in which people, settings, or actions represent ideas or moral qualities, generalizations about life. The story of Santa Claus is an allegory for generosity
drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect
Person or thing that works against the protagonist
the process of revealing the personality of a character in a story
the high point, or turning point, of a story or play
the problem or struggle in a story that that triggers the action
set of facts or circumstances surounding an event or situation in a piece of literature
the solution of the major conflict in the plot
the set-up for a story, includes settting, character intros, and problem introduction
events after the climax, leading to the resolution
language used to create a special effect or feeling
an opposition, or contrast, of ideas
an exaggeration or overstatement
a comparison of two different things not using like or as
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
comparison using like or as
the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot
the major category into which a literary work fits according to its style, form, and content
words or phrases that create a certain picture in reader's mind
the use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning; or, incongruity between what is expected and what actually happens
A traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society.
writing that relates an event or series of events
a simple story that illustrates a moral or religious lesson
plot line/story map
the graphic display of the action or events in a story
point of view
the perspective from which a story is told
the principal character or hero in a work of fiction
the series of conflicts or struggles that build a story toward a climax.
literary tone used to ridicule or make fun of human vice or weakness
The time and place of a story
The attitude of the author toward the audience and characters (e.g., serious or humorous).
a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work. usually a universal concept that speaks to human experience. It is the point of the story.
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