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37 terms

Lit terms and poetry types

Mrs. Burke's 8th grade
STUDY
PLAY
ballad
a long poem that tells a story (often sad) and can be set to music. Usually has a repeating stanza - refrain
elegy
a poem that laments or meditates on the passing or death of something or someone of value
epic
long poem that tells the story of a hero and often begins with the poet calling on a source of inspiration
sonnet
a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme ends in a couplet
ode
a poem of varied line length praising something or someone
action
what happens in a story, the events or conflicts
allegory
A symbolic story in which people, settings, or actions represent ideas or moral qualities, generalizations about life. The story of Santa Claus is an allegory for generosity
analogy
drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect
anatgonist
Person or thing that works against the protagonist
characterization
the process of revealing the personality of a character in a story
climax
the high point, or turning point, of a story or play
conflict
the problem or struggle in a story that that triggers the action
context
set of facts or circumstances surounding an event or situation in a piece of literature
resolution/denouement
the solution of the major conflict in the plot
exposition
the set-up for a story, includes settting, character intros, and problem introduction
falling action
events after the climax, leading to the resolution
figurative language
language used to create a special effect or feeling
antithesis
an opposition, or contrast, of ideas
hyperbole
an exaggeration or overstatement
mataphor
a comparison of two different things not using like or as
personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
simile
comparison using like or as
foreshadowing
the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot
genre
the major category into which a literary work fits according to its style, form, and content
imagery
words or phrases that create a certain picture in reader's mind
irony
the use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning; or, incongruity between what is expected and what actually happens
myth
A traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society.
narration
writing that relates an event or series of events
parable
a simple story that illustrates a moral or religious lesson
plot line/story map
the graphic display of the action or events in a story
point of view
the perspective from which a story is told
protagonist
the principal character or hero in a work of fiction
rising action
the series of conflicts or struggles that build a story toward a climax.
satire
literary tone used to ridicule or make fun of human vice or weakness
setting
The time and place of a story
tone
The attitude of the author toward the audience and characters (e.g., serious or humorous).
theme
a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work. usually a universal concept that speaks to human experience. It is the point of the story.