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29 terms

7th Grade, Social Studies Chapter 7, Section 3 and 4

STUDY
PLAY
mercenaries
hired foreign soldiers
Lord Dunmore's Proclamation
offered freedom to slaves who would fight for the British
Molly Pitcher
Woman who carried water pitchers to soldiers. Real name was Mary Judwig Hays.
William Howe
British Commanding General at the start of the American Revolution. He was at Bunker Hill and also drove the Continental Army off of Long Island.
General Richard Montgomery
A formerly British General, he then led the colonists. He led a successful attack into Montreal, then his attack on Quebec failed and he was killed.
Thayendanegea
Also called Joseph Brant, Mohawk leader who sided with the British against the colonists.
British Navy
Largest Navy in the world.
Rifle
a shoulder firearm with a long barrel and a rifled bore. Used for sharpshooting
Africian Americans
Some fought in local militias, but they were banned from the Continental Army
George Washington's first task
Organize and raise more troops for the Continental Army
Colonist Navy
There was none.
Quebec
A battle which was a British victory where General Montgomery was killed.
Benedict Arnold
Successful American general during the Revolution who fought with Montgomery in Canada.
William Howe's revenge
He won in New York after losing in Boston.
Alexander Graydon
One of those captured by the British on Manhattan Island.
Battle of Trenton
Washington launched a surprise attack on a group of Hessians the morning after Christmas.
900
Number of Hessians captured at the Battle of Trenton.
Charles Cornwallis
Commander of the British forces in the American War of Independence
Battle of Princeton
American victory in Revolutionary War that helped boost American morale, they left their campired burning to deceive the British.
John Burgoyne
British general who captured Fort Ticonderoga from the Americans but lost at the battle of Saratoga
Battle of Brandywine Creek
Howe vs. Washington; Patriots lost, Howe allowed colonists to retreat but Howe was able to take Philadelphia
Battle of Saratoga
American victory over British troops led by John Burgoyne in 1777 that was the greatest win for the American forces in the Revolution to date.
France and Spain
They were secretly aiding the Patriots.
Bernardo de Galvez
governor of Spanish Louisiana, favored the Patriots, secretly supplied goods to Americans-southwestern frontier
Marquis de Lafayette
Wealthy French soldier who joined General Washington's staff and became a general in the Continental Army.
Friedrich von Stueben
Prussian, Helped train Washington's Troops to march and fight
John Paul Jones
American naval commander in the American Revolution said " I have not yet begun to fight."
Bonhomme Richard
John Paul Jones's ship
Valley Forge
the site where George Washington and his troops endured a harsh winter without proper food, shelter, or clothing