30 terms

APUSH Chapter 17

ID's and PPE's
American ship involved in supplying Canadian rebels that was sunk by British forces, sparking an international crisis between Britain and the United States
Outbreak of fighting between American and Canadian lumberjacks over disputed Maine boundary
Aroostook War
Antislavery Whigs who strongly opposed the annexation of Texas as a conspiracy by the slave power
Conscience Whigs
Northern boundary of Oregon territory jointly occupied with Britain, advocated by Democratic party and others as the desired line of American expansion
54 degrees 40'
Two thousand mile long path along which thousands of Americans journeyed to the Willamette Valley in the 1840s
Oregon Trail
The widespread American belief that God had ordained the United States to occupy all the territory of North America
Manifest Destiny
Small antislavery party that took enough votes from Henry Clay to cost him the election of 1844
Liberty Party
Reduced tariff law sponsored by President Polk's secretary of the Treasury that produced substantial revenue and bolstered the U.S. economy
Walker Tariff
Rich Mexican province that Polk was determined to buy and Mexico refused to sell
River that Mexico claimed as the Texas-Mexico Boundary, crossed by Taylor's troops in 1846
Neuces River
Resolution offered b Congressman Abraham Lincoln demanding to know the precise location where Mexicans had allegedly shed American blood on American soil
Spot Resolutions
Short-lived west Coast republic proclaimed by American rebels against Mexican rule just before the arrival of U.S. troops in the province
California Bear Flag Republic
Site of major victory by American troops under Zachary Taylor over Mexican troops under Santa Anna
Buena Vista
Treaty ending Mexican War and granting vast territories to the United States
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Controversial Amendment, which passed the House but not the Senate, stipulating that slaver should be forbidden in all territory acquired from Mexico
Wilmot Proviso
Leader Elected vice president on the Whig ticket who spent most of his presidency in bitter feuds with his fellow Whigs
John Tyler
Leader of Senate Whigs and unsuccessful presidential candidate against Polk in 1844
Henry Clay
Clash between Canadians and Americans over disputed timber country
Aroostook War
Whig leader and secretary of state who negotiated an end to Maine boundary dispute in 1842
Daniel Webster
Independent nation that was the object of British, Mexican, and French scheming in the early 1840s
Congressional author of the spot resolutions criticizing the Mexican War
Abraham Lincoln
"Old Fuss and Feathers," whose conquest of Mexico City brought U.S. victory in the Mexican War
Winfield Scott
Long-winded American diplomat who negotiated the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Nicholas Trist
Claimed by United States as southern boundary of Texas
Rio Grande
Dashing explorer/adventurer who led the overthrow of Mexican rule in California after war broke out
John C. Fremont
Mexican military leader who failed to stop humiliating American invasion of his country
Santa Anna
American military hero who invaded northern Mexico from Texas in 1846-1847
Zachary Taylor
Congressional author of resolution forbidding slavery in territory acquired from Mexico
David Wilmot
Dark-horse presidential winner in 1844 who effectively carried out ambitious expansionist campaign plans
James K. Polk
Northwestern territory in dispute between Britain and United States, subject of Manifest Destiny rhetoric in 1844