54 terms

Child Growth and Development Module 3:Influences Affecting Child Growth and Development


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What factors have a great influence on the development of children and the decisions child care proffesionals take in planning their learning and care?
Internal and external
Why is nutirition important?
Food gives energy to get through the day and learn and grow.
Why are exercise levels important?
The keep kids healthy
Why are daily physical and learning routines important?
Consistence helps them feel better.
Why are relationships with family and friends important?
They provide a sense of security and belonging
Why is promoting social interaction important?
So they can interact with others
Why are social interaction and the children with disabilities important?
Helps children with and without special needs interact in positive way.
What environmental influences are important for children's growth and development?
Nutrition,exercise levels, daily routines in physical activities and learning and relationships with adults and other children.
What is heredity?
The passing down of genetic charecteristics from parents to their children.
How does heredity influence a child?
Through the inheritance pf physical characteristics and temperment from birth parents at the time of conception.
When does the influence of heredity exist?
before the child is conceived.The egg of the mother and the sperm of the father carry genetic materials(genes and chromosomes) that combine to form a unique child.
What are the blueprints for cells?
Genes- They contain all the instructions necessary to create the human body.
What are genes made up of?
Large,complex molecules called DNA.
What is a genotype disorder?
A defect existing in the genetic material from either the father or mother and may be inherited by the child.
How many characteristics are determined through heredity factors?
Hundrends but not all of them are favorable.
Temperment describes what?
The emotional response of a child
Define temperment
A prevailing or dominant quality that characterizes a person.
Define personality
The totality of a person's attitudes, interests,behavioral patterns,emotional responses,social roles and individual traits that endure over long periods of time.
What is heredity?
The blend of physical and temperamental charecteristics inherited by a child from the birth parents. Inherited characteristics may have positive or negative influences on a child.
What are some facts about birth order?
*Birth order affects a child by determing how he sees himself.
*Research shows that generalizations can be made as to the typical characteristics of placement.
*Firstborn children are more likely to go to college.
*Middle children seem to have the strongest feelings of neglect by parents, often feeling that they were "squeezed out" by the other siblings.
*The youngest child may be more pampered and creative.
What are some facts about The Only Child?
*Be the center of attention;often enjoys position.May feel special.
*Relys on service from others rather than own efforts.
*Felt more incompetent because adults are more capable.
*Feel unfairly treated when he doesn't get his own way. May refuse to cooperate.
*Play "divide and conquer" to get his own way
*Have poor peer relations as child but better relations as adult
*Please others only when he wants to.
*Be creative
What are some facts about The First Child?
Develop competent,responsible behavior or become very discouraged.
*Sometimes strive to protect and help others accept responsibility.
*Use to being center of attention
*Believe's must have superiority
*Pressure to please
What are some facts about The Second Child?
Act as if in a race,trying to catch up,or overtake first child. If first child is "good", second may be labeled "bad."
*Be rebellious.Often doesn't like this position in the family.
*Never had parent undivided attention
*Develop abilities first that first child did not.
What are some facts about The Third Child or Middle Children?
*Feel unloved,left out, "squeezed."
*Be adaptable.May learn to deal with both oldest and youngest sibiling.
*Felt less pressure
*Doesn't fit into family
*Feels like problem child
What are some facts about The Youngest Child?
*Behave like an only child.May feel that everyone is bigger and more capable.
*Remain "The Baby." If youngest of three,often alies with oldest against middle child.
*Felt smallest and weakest
*Not taken seriously
*Boss of family
A child in good health has a better opportunity to do what?
Grow with fewer developmental challenges than an unhealthy child.
What happens when a child has a high number of illnesses,accidents,injuries,and diseases?
They are more likely the child will encounter a developmental delay.
What is health status?
A critical influence on the growth and development of a child from the pre-natal period through each age and stage.
What factors affect the health of children?
Socio-economic status,gender, and race.
How does being healthy generally happen?
When a child eats well,gets a lot of physical activity and exercise,and has a healthy weight.
What healthy behaviors have to be started with young children and continued through adolescence?
Sufficient rest,exhibiting appropriate emotions,behaviors and response to discipline appropriate for the age,practicing oral hygiene and developing speech and language proficiency.
What happens when a child is healthy?
His body works well,feels good,and can do all the things he wants to do.
What are several practiceses you can use to assist with overweight children?
*Don't reward children for good behavior or try to stop bad behavior with treats.
*Don't insist that children finish all the food on their plates.
*Do provide healthy foods and drinks
*Teach the children why these foods and drinks are healthy.
*Plan activities that give children numerous opportunities to engage in physical play and exercise.
*Sharing information with parents on the healthy eating,as well as the exercise the children are participating in while in child care,could remind them of improvements they could make at home.
What can disturb or delay normal development?
Impairment resulting from prenatal problems, trauma during birth,accidents,illness,or disease that damages the body or mind.
What is important during the early years while rapid growth is occuringand while bones and muscles are maturing?
A child's nutritional intake
Children may progress more slowly when they have multiple developmental challenges such as?
Poor eyesight,poor motor control and language impairment.
How can a developmental obstacle be overcome or reduced?
By teamwork between the child,parents and the child care professional.
What is Public Law 94-142 also known as?
The Inclusion Rule
When was Public Law 92-142 passed?
In 1975, by the 94th congress
What does inclusion mean?
Including children with special need,side by side,with their non-handicapped peers. This allows children to learn from each other.
What are some benefits to the Inclusion Rule?
Including children with special needs helps speed up development,result in fewer children being retained in later grades and improve the quality of family relationships.
Who has an impact on a child's health status?
The child's family
What are a number of health issues that the family controls?
Serving healthy meals, frequency of doctor visits and getting the necessary immunizations.
Where does parental responsibility begin?
With good pre-natal care
What is (FAS)?
Fetal Alcohol Syndrom. It results in a variety of mental and physical defects that develop inunborn babies when the mother drinks too much alcohol during pregnancy.
What are symptoms of FAS?
Growth,skeletal,facial,organ and central nervous system abnormalities.
Examples of Possible Physical Disabilities:
*Difficulty with large muscle motor activities such as climbing stairs,crawling,riding a tricycle.
*Frequently walking or bumping into things.
*Shows a lack of energy
*Difficulty with activities such as building a tower of blocks.
Examples of Possible Visual Problems:
*Difficulty in seeing distant things clearly.
*Holds toys or books very close to eyes
*Rubs eyes frequently
*Blinking eyes often when doing work
Examples of possible Hearing Problems:
*Poor speech,omits sounds,loud voice.
*Does not understand directions.
*Does not answer when called.
*Trouble paying attention in large group activities.
*Often gives the wrong answers to the questions.
*Avoids playing with other children.
*Becomes tires early in day
Examples of Possible Speech or Language Problems:
*No speech by age two
*Does not use two or three word sentences by age three.
*Difficulty understanding after age three.
*Stutters after age five
*Has poor voice quality
*Problems understanding what is said.
Examples of Possible Learning Problems:
*Unable to follow directions because they cannot remember what was said.
*Frequently bumping into things,knocking things over.
*Unable to see differences in size,shape and color
*Cannot remember what is seen or heard.
*Cannot tell the difference betweensounds and textures.
Examples of Possible Attention Problems:
*Acts very quickly without thinking about consequences.
*Very short attention span
*Cannot complete task.
*Switches from one task to another.
*Easily distracted by another situation.
*Unable to return to original task.
*Excessive movement
*Constant motion even when classroom is quiet.
Developmental obstacles do what?
They vary widely but affect all development.
What is crucial to making your decisions as a child care professional?
Knowledge of developmental stages and influences on a child.