South Africa- HW V
Terms in this set (21)
He was a chief who used highly displined warriors and good military organization to create a large centralized state.
Dutch settlers in South Africa. They took over native Africans land and established large farms.
The movement when several thousand Boers began moving north to escape the British.
When diamonds and gold were discovered in South Africa, the Boers tried to keep outsiders from getting the minerals and from going political rights. This war was between the British and Boers. This was known as the first modern "total" war.
Union of South Africa
After Britain won the Boer war, the Boer republics were joined into a self-governing union controlled by Britain.
This party came to rule in 1948 in Africa. They promoted Afrikaer.
Dutch South African nationalism.
A policy of complete seperation of the races.
In 1959 the government set up reserves called homelands for the countries major black groups.
One of the ANC leaders
A group called the African National Congress that was formed to fight for their rights. they organized strikes and boycotts to protest racist policies.
One of the strikes made by the ANC. In this demonstration in 1960, police killed 69 people.
In 1976, riots over school policies broke out in the black township of Soweto, leaving 600 students dead.
Beat to death by police while in custody. He was a popular protest leader.
He led an economic campaign against apartheid. He was a black South African bishop and he told foreign countries not to do business with South Africa, establishing isolation.
Desmond Tutu influenced foreign nations to not do trade with South Africa other countries followed him and they imposed trade restrictions on South Africa, isolated South Africa in other ways such as not letting them compete in the Olympic Games.
F.W de Klerk
The new white president of South Africa. His goal was to transform Africa and end isolation.
How did imperialism in South Africa compare to imperialism in other parts of Africa?
Imperialism in South Africa
was different than imperialism in other African because they were colonized by two different European countries. South Africa was also the earliest to be colonized, had segregation between races, and was one of the first to be independent.
When and how did South Africa gain its independence?
South Africa gained independence in 1931 through heavy protesting.
How did the policy of apartheid strengthen whites' hold on power?
The policy of apartheid gave whites better schools, hospitals, neighborhoods, and facilities. Blacks were forbidden to live in white areas and the government only gave them 13% of the land even though they made up the majority of the population.
How and why did South Africa give up white control?
Whites gave up power in South Africa because there was too much protesting and violent riots. The South American Parliament repealed apartheid laws, ending segregation. A new constitution giving equal rights to all citizens was established.
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