25 terms

Feminist Therapy ALL Key terms

using male-oriented constructs to draw conclusions about human, including female, nature.
Assumes that personality patterns & behavior are fixed at an early stage of dev.
Egalitarian relantionship
Power should be balanced in a relationship. In feminist therapy the voices of the oppressed are acknowledged as authoritative & valuable sources of knowledge.
the idea that one's own cultural group is superior to others & that other groups should be judged based on one's own standards.
Flexible-Multicultural Perspective
Uses concepts & strategies that apply equally to individuals and groups regardless of age, race, culture, gender, ability, class or sexual orientation.
believing that there are 2 separate paths of dev. for women and men
Gender-fair approaches
explain differences in the behavior of women & men in terms of socialization processes rather than on the basis of our "innate" natures, thus avoiding stereotypes in social roles & interpersonal behavior.
Gender-Neutral Theory
explains differences in the behavior of women and men in terms of socialization processes rather than viewing gender differences as fixed in nature.
Gender-role analysis
used to help clients understand the impact of gender-role expectations in their lives.
Gender-role intervention
provides clients with insight into the ways social issues affect their problems.
Gender Schema
An organized set of mental associations people use to interpret their perceptions about gender.
Global/international feminism
this approach takes a worldwide perspective and seeks to understand the ways in which racism, sexism, economics and classism affect women in different countries.
views a Heterosexual orientation as normative & desirable & devalues same-sex relationships.
concepts specific to the thinking, feeling, and behaving dimensions of human experience that account for contextual and environmental factors.
Intrapsychic Orientation
attributing behavior to internal causes, which often results in blaming the victim and ignoring sociocultural and political factors.
Life-span perspective
assumes that human dev. is a lifelong process & that personality patterns & behavioral changes can occur at any time.
Personal is political
Individuals' personal problems have social & political causes. Therapy is aimed at helping clients change their own behavior and become active participants in transforming society.
Power analysis
Emphasis is on the power difference between men and women in society. clients are helped to recognize different kinds of power they possess and how they and others exercise power.
A technique whereby the counselor changes the frame of reference for looking at an individual's behavior. There is a shift from an interpersonal (or "blaming the victim") stance to a consideration of social factors in the environment that contribute to a client's problem.
An intervention that changes the label or evaluation applied to the client's behavioral characteristics. Generally, the focus is shifted from a negative to a positive evaluation.
relational-cultural theory
A perspective suggesting that a woman's sense of identity and self-concept develop in the context of relationships.
The idea that a woman's sense of self depends largely on how she connects with others.
Social Action
Participating in some activity outside of the therapy office (such as some kind of volunteer work in the community) that is likely to empower clients by helping them see the link between their personal experiences and the social context in which they live.
White privilege
An invisible package of unearned assets white people enjoy that are not extended to people of color.
women of color feminism
This perspective challenges feminist theory to become more inclusive by addressing multiple oppressions, taking into consideration privilege and power, and emphasizing activism.