American Pageant Chapter 8 Vocab
Terms in this set (39)
1st President of the United States, General of the Revolutionary War
during the summer of 1776, he led hundreds of British ships and 32,000 British soldiers to New York, and offered Congress the choice between surrender with royal pardon and a battle against the odds, and despite having far fewer troops, the Americans rejected the offer.
Quaker-raised American general who employed tactics of fighting and then drawing back to recover, then attacking again. Defeated Cornwallis by thus "fighting Quaker".
United States general and traitor in the American Revolution
British general in the American Revolution who captured Fort Ticonderoga but lost the battle of Saratoga in 1777 (1722-1792)
commander of the British forces in the American War of Independence
American Revolutionary leader and pamphleteer (born in England) who supported the American colonist's fight for independence and supported the French Revolution (1737-1809)
Barry St. Leger
Led British Army, Tried to take Fort Stanwix but American Benedict Arnold drove him back
George Rogers Clark
Leader of a small Patriot force that captured British-controlled Fort Vincennes in the Ohio Valley in 1779., secured the Northwest Territory for America
Richard henry Lee
leader of the American Revolution who proposed the resolution calling for independence of the American colonies (1732-1794)
Burgoyne was forced to surrender his command to this American general on October 17,1777 at the battle of Saratoga.
John Paul jones
American naval commander in the American Revolution (1747-1792)
Virginian, architect, author, governor, and president. Lived at Monticello. Wrote the Declaration of Independence. Second governor of Virgina. Third president of the United States. Designed the buildings of the University of Virginia.
Marquis de Lafayette
French soldier who served under George Washington in the American Revolution (1757-1834)
Admiral de Grasse
the French naval commander/ helped the troops in the Navy trap and cut off Cornwallis
a leader of the American Revolution and a famous orator who spoke out against British rule of the American colonies (1736-1799)
Comte de Rochambeau
French general who commanded French troops in the American Revolution, notably at Yorktown (1725-1807)
United States diplomat and jurist who negotiated peace treaties with Britain and served as the first chief justice of the United States Supreme Court (1745-1829)
a soldier of the American Revolution whose troops helped capture Fort Ticonderoga from the British (1738-1789)
Wife of John Adams. During the Revolutionary War, she wrote letters to her husband describing life on the homefront. She urged her husband to remember America's women in the new government he was helping to create.
former British officer who captured Montreal for the colonies
King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1760 to 1820
the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, and property
a system in the colonial era by which privately-owned and operated vessels were used to raid enemy shipping
the political orientation of those who hold that a republic is the best form of government
arises out of work and competition rather than birth, education, or special privilege.
The idea that a just government must derive its powers from the consent of the people it governs.
notion that democracy depended on unselfish commitment to the public good
a draft of the articles of confederation, submitted in 1754.
the legislature of the United States government
a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies had a right to be an independent nation
declaration of independence
the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence
Colonists who wanted independence from Britain
treaty of paris 1783
Treaty Between England and the Colonies , formally ended the American Revolutionary War
battle of saratoga
Turning point of the American Revolution. It was very important because it convinced the French to give the U.S. military support. It lifted American spirits, ended the British threat in New England by taking control of the Hudson River, and, most importantly, showed the French that the Americans had the potential to beat their enemy, Great Britain.
battle of yorktown
Last major battle of the Revolutionary War. Cornwallis and his troops were trapped in the Chesapeake Bay by the French fleet. He was sandwiched between the French navy and the American army. He surrendered October 19, 1781.
German soldiers who fought for the British