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Arts and Humanities
Mus 306 Final Exam
Terms in this set (91)
guitarist; first to use electric guitar in jazz; played with Benny Goodman, died of tuberculosis at 25
bassist; transformed jazz bass; he expanded the walking bass and added melodic, harmonic, and rhythmic nuances; recorded the first bass solos that departed from the walking bass style; joined Ellington's band; died from tuberculosis at 23
Drummer; his style was not popular with musicians who had become used to the heavy swing beat; played in the Minton's Playhouse rhythm section, nicknamed "klook"; his unexpected bass drum explosions were known as "dropping bombs"
popular Harlem nightclub which hosted bebop notables regularly
the interval of three whole steps; a chromatic interval known during the Middle Ages as the "devil in music" and during the bebop era as the flatted fifth
the finest pianist of the bebop generation; joined the swing band of Cootie Williams, was beaten by police while touring with the band leaving him with crippling headaches; was incarcerated and medicated and underwent electroshock treatments; most imitated pianist of the bebop generation
tenor saxophonist; inspiration was Lester Young; most flamboyant bebop saxophonist;
blind since childhood, pianist who began playing professionally at age 12; a radical bopper; his approach to jazz reflected his schooling in the european classics; moved to new york where he played with parker and gillespie and built a small following with his own groups and drew a cult following of his music; in 1950's devoted most of his time to teaching
his quartet symbolized west coast jazz; only tenor saxophonist to become a major jazz star; influential composer and arranger; member of the "birth of the cool"
self anointed king of progressive jazz; big band leader who combined big band jazz, pop vocals, and experimental modernism.
pianist who created the MJQ
created by pianist John Lewis, an African american east coast band that lasted for more than 40 years; the longest running chamber group in or out of jazz
vibraphone player in the MJQ
was pictured on the cover of Time magazine in 1954, rare acknowledgment for a jazz musician; jazz pianist; hooked up with paul desmond and formed the dave brubeck quartet; his album "Time Out" became a national sensation
a bebop style that refused the experiments of cool jazz and linked its aesthetic with african american culture; included the more populist soul jazz and was played by great bebop artists of the day
alto saxophonist who made his name with the Dave Brubeck Quartet; "Take Five"
drummer; central figurehead of hard bop; played in the Billy Eckstine Band, positioning him to become one of the most influential percussionists of the bop era; became famous for his press roll
pianist-composer who formed a quintet with Art Blakey and then left to organize his own quintet; discovered by Stan Getz who took him on tour; one of his pieces popularized a word for his brand of soulful jazz: funky.
trumpet player who became one of the most admired and beloved musicians of his day; didn't drink or smoke or do drugs; career only lasted four years (died in car crash at 25); Brown Roach Quintet considered last great bebop ensemble
one of the most influential and admired tenor saxophonists in jazz history; his album "Saxophone Colossus" is one of the most lauded albums of the era
Electric guitarist who racially altered the instrument's sound with his innovative approach to chordal harmonies; played with his thumb rather than a pick; switched affiliations from a jazz label to pop label; emerged as a mainstream recording star
pianist who is the most widely performed of all jazz composers after Duke Ellington; only wrote about 70 pieces but songs were very popular; his compositions sound like his improvisations, and his improvisations often sound like his compositions
bassist and composer who had wide influences reaching as far as the church, new orleans polyphony, swing, bop, romantic classical music, and modern classical music; was spokesman for civil rights; was advised to switch from cello to bass because as a black man he couldn't succeed in classical music; "Boogie Stop Shuffle"
composed several memorable pieces, but was primarily an arranger; Canadian born dance band arranger became one of the prime movers of cool jazz; worked with Miles Davis for the groundbreaking album "Miles Ahead"
alto saxophonist acclaimed as "the new Bird"; joined the Miles Davis sextet but later formed his own quintet with his brother
pianist; began as a classical pianist and switched to jazz after college; worked on Mile Davis' "Kind of Blue" one of the best-selling jazz albums of all time
saxophonist revered as one of American music's most original figures; won the pulitzer prize in 2007; formed the American Jazz Quartet; generated a lot of controversy in the late 1950's; creator of avant-garde
pianist; creator of avant-garde; didn't play with modern jazz swing; never performs the same work twice; treated the piano as if it consisted of "88 tuned drums"
a virtuoso alto saxophonist, flutist, and bass clarinetist; played in dance bands in the late 1940s; made the bass clarinet a significant instrument in jazz
pianist, composer, and band leader who worked as orchestrator for fletcher henderson; called his music "intergalactic space music"
alto saxophonist, singer, and songwriter as well as influential bandleader; leader of the Tympany Five
jazz and R & B fusion artist in the black community during the 1950s and 1960s who popularized the Hammond B3 organ. Usually played in a trio with organ, drums, and guitar/saxophone
accomplished jazz pianist and one of the most successful pop singers of all time; became first african american to be offered his own television show
achieved widespread fame as a skinny, bow tied ballad singer in the early 1940's, remade himself as a jet set swinger and became a deeper artist and a stylistic icon of the era
tenor saxophonist; a major jazz star known for his gorgeous timbre long before he discovered the bossa nova
first jazz/rock fusion album by Miles Davis
orchestra created by John Mclaughlin that focused on electric guitar and combined jazz, rock and Indian classical music. Characterized as being loud, fast, virtuosic, intense, and distorted
keyboardist who started the band Return to Forever; influenced by the fusion of Mahavishnu orchestra
One of the founders of the Weather Report (most successful fusion group); keyboardist
saxophonist; One of the founders of the Weather Report, the most artistically and commercially successful fusion group of the 1970's;
pianist who established himself as a postbox composer of subtlety and bristling complexity; created Headhunters which mixed funk and jazz; most famous tune is "Chameleon"
sax, "Cherokee", played with Glenn Miller
trombonist; America's most popular bandleader in the 1940's; brought swing into mainstream entertainment; became the best known swing bandleader to offer his services to the armed forces
singer; icon of black culture during the swing era; replaced Duke Ellington at the Cotton Club as the house band; scat singer
pianist; lead the Kansas City local territory band; Charlie Parker began his career with them
52nd Street was also known as:
Duke Ellington's co composer; brilliant composer who was an essential figure in the post 1930's Ellington Band; the two worked very closely together almost impossible to separate their work
bassist; recorded with Coleman Hawkins and played a bass solo
vibraphonist in the Goodman Quartet; had originally played as a drummer with Louis Armstrong's big band; played with a lot of energy
pianist with "trumpet style" approach; played with Louis Armstrong and played in the 1928 Hot Five recordings
bop vocalist who worked under Gillespie; one of the finest singers to come out of jazz
Cuban congas player who played with Dizzy Gillespie; encouraged Gillespie to explore a Cuban-Jazz fusion
clarinetist; known as JD; also was composer and big band leader
alto saxophonist and mentor to charlie parker
One of Ellington's most outstanding tenor saxophone soloists; known for his ballad playing
important jazz impresario; was a champion for civil rights; founded the Jazz at the Philharmonic concerts; fought to have jazz performed in concert halls
-pianist, composer, big bandleader; -career began during the swing era; -devoted some recordings in 47-48 to big band arrangements of be-bop compositions by Charlie parker and others; -his arranger was Gill evans; -experimented with sounds and instruments not heard often in a big band
coined the phrase "3rd stream" in 1957--french horn player, featured on "birth of the cool," also taught at lenox school
jazz club in New York where Thelonious Monk spent six months playing with John Coltrane; dedicated to progressive jazz
played trumpet alongside Charlie Parker; incarcerated for drug use
trumpet player for pianoless quartet with Gerry Mulligan
jazz clarinetist and big band leader leading various groups called "the herd"; the woodchoppers
replaced bubber miley in duke ellingtons band; one of ellingtons favorite musicians; played the trumpet using a plunger mute to create otherworldly sounds; played with the benny goodman orchestra
tenor saxophonist in duke ellingon's band; played a 27 chorus solo at the newport jazz festival
arranger hired by Count Basie; known for composing film and TV scores
One of the most innovative drummers of his generation: his quintet with Clifford Brown established the "Hard Bop" Style
tenor saxophonist in the Brown-Roach Quintet
trumpeter; played with blakey's jazz messengers between 1958 and 1961; participated in John Coltrane's blue train recording; heavily influenced by Clifford Brown
Bop era pianist, widely admired, used wide range on the piano; like playing with 3 hands
Bop era bass player, known for the walking bass style
basist, "Bill Evans Trio"
Founded by Herb Albert and Jerry Moss; provided the framework for peer to peer file sharing through a central server. Court ruled it was a contributory infringer and shut it down.
Blue Note Records
record label associated with hard bop
jazz record label founded by Creed Taylor; first album release was by Wes Montgomery
Hard Bop tenor saxophonist, sideman with Horace Silver.
piano for John Coltrane Quartet
father of the tenor sax; established the tenor saxophone as the most iconic instrument in jazz; played with fletcher henderson for 11 years; stunned by Armstrong's music, he strove to adapt his style to the tenor sax
basie's best soloist - the "prez" of the tenor sax; no vibrato, offered an alternative to coleman hawkins
alto sax; cool jazz; started w/ Kenton's band (one of his best known improvisers); had some bop influence
American jazz singer who formed his own jazz orchestra, and lead it for about 50 years
invented Bebop trombone playing; only one to have success in bebop
BOP - trumpet; known for influencing Clifford Brown
Tenor Sax. Played in Basie's orchestra, later a single. Exemplary tenor player in the swing player; "I've Got Rhythm"
trumpet player; played in Goodman's swing band and emerged as a bandleader
"In The Mood"
Best-known recording of the swing era by Glenn Miller
The most artistically and commercially successful fusion group of the 1970s; fused rock&jazz; founded by Joe Zawinul and Wayne Shorter
Trombone player and band leader; played with Frank Sinatra
Famous Producer who made the Thriller album with Michael Jackson; began as a musician
jazz club in hollywood
when a musician plays tonal harmonic progressions
when a musician steps outside of tonality, they are playing:
How did Spirituals help the development of the blues?
Why did Little Richard's career come to a halt in 1957?
The most widely received innovation associated with Tony Williams that significantly affected jazz-rock drumming was
Charlie Patton brought which instrument to a position of prominence in Delta blues?
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