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What are the 2 systems responsible for supplying the body with oxygen and disposing of carbon dioxide?
Respiratory System and Cardiovascular System
The respiratory system involves a gas exchange between _________ and ____________.
blood and the external enviroment
The cardiovascular system involves a gas exchange between _________ and ____________.
the lungs and tissue cells
The respiratory system includes:
the nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi (and their smaller branches), lungs (containing terminal air sacs called alveoli)
What is the only structure that is NOT a conducting passageway that allow air to reach lungs?
This occurs when the passageways connecting the sinuses to the nasal cavity are blocked and air in sinus cavities is absorbed (creating a partial vacuum).
What does the larynx do when we swallow?
Rises and epiglottis tips, forming a lid over the opening of the larynx and thus routing the food into the esophagus.
What are the different lung capacities?
1) Tidal Volume
2) Inspiratory Reserve Volume
3) Expiratory Reserve Volume
4) Residual Volume
What is the function of the epiglottis?
protects the superior opening of the larynx by helping route food and liquids into the esophagus rather than the larynx
Exchange of both oxygen and carbon dioxide through the respiratory membrane occurs by what process?
What are the 3 types of lung cancer?
1) Squamous Cell Carcinoma
3) Small Cell Carcinoma
trouble breathing, fluid buildup in the chest, sweat glands have an extremely salty perspiration
mucosa of the lower respiratory passages is severely inflamed and an excess amount of mucus is produced
surgical opening int he trachea that provides an alternate route for air into the lungs
What are the 4 events of respiration?
1) Pulmonary Ventilation (respiration)
2) External Respiration (respiration)
3) Respiratory Gas Transport (cardiovascular)
4) Internal Respiration (cardiovascular)
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