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75 terms

islam

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570
year muhammad was born
polytheistic
religion muhammad grew up around
Muhammad traveled from Mecca to Jerusalem in one night (Mi'raj)
what is the night journey
unknown
God's essence according to god
support the government
jew were given freedom and equality under what circumstance
Islamic law
the first and most important islamic religious science
aristotle
whose philosophy influenced early islamic philosophy
Jesus
who were early muslim mystics said to emulate
military conquest
how did islam spread during the first century
Missionary
islam and china- how did it get there?
cordoba spain
in 762, the center of Arab Islamic culture shifted from Syria to where
liberators
how did the local jews see the arrival of Arab forces on the Iberian Peninsula in 711
traders
islam and sub-sahrah Africa: how did it get there
persian
what culture flourished under the samanid dynasty
the turks
who succeded he samanids
decline in culture and prosperity
what was the result of the mongol conquest of persian and central asia
central asia
where did the muslim rulers of india come from
indian subcontinent
where are most muslims in the world
the sufis
what influenced the islamisation of S.E. Asia
friday
what is day for community prayer
abraham
whose experience are re-enacted during hajj
european secularism
what infuenced arab nationalism
total islamization (establish a network of social economic and politial institution)
what was the aim of the socity of muslim brother
western values and practices
what have most muslim contemporarty revivalist movement rejected
mad the shari'ah law in sudan
who is gaafar and what did he do in 1969
gabriel
whom did prophet muhammad see in a vision on the night of power
his wife khadijia
whom did muhammad tell about his revelation first
12400
how many prophets
where muhammad was born, site of quran and beginning of community under Islam
why is mecca significant
20 years after the prophets death
when was the offical text of the quran formed
problems in law and legal systems, and philisophy of law
what does the science of jurisprudence address
dhikr: rememberance of god
what was the central practice of the sufis
yes
is islam a missionary religion
sunni: kahr successor to muhammad and shi'a talib is the successor
what is the differences between the sunnis and shi'is
delcare that there is no god but GOD and muhammad is the messanger, establish regular worship, pay the zakat alms, observe fast of ramadan, perform hajj pilgrimage
what are the 5 pillars
five
how many times are muslims required to pray each day
lived together mutually
how were muslims, christian, and jewihs relations in spain under islamic law
sunni
who is strict in thier regulation of community
Muslim name for the one and only God
allah
"Submission to the will of Allah"
islam
the Muslim community
ummah
Majority of the Muslims; believe succesor of Muhhamad can be an elected caliph.
sunni muslims
though successor fro allj and smaller of 2 divisions
shi'i muslims
messenger
rasul
the holy book of islam
qur'an
one individual held to be leader
iman for shi'is muslims
anyone who serves as the leader of prayer at the mosque
iman for sunni muslims
(Islam) a tradition based on reports of the sayings and activities of Muhammad and his companions
hadith
rejecting belief
kurf
specific regulations of islamic law
shari'ah
Islamic jurisprudence
fiqh
personal reasoning applied to the development of legal opinions
ijtihad
Shi'a commemoration of the death of Husayn
ashura
senior master
shaykh
same
sama
declaration of faith- there is no god but God and Muhammad is the messanger of God
shahadah
holidy celebrating the end of ramadan fast
'id al-fitr
The Day of Sacrifice during the month of the Hajj when an animal is sacrificed to recall the submission of Abraham
'id al-adha
pilgrimage to Mecca
hajj
(Islam) a Muslim place of worship
masjid
The direction of prayers in Islam
qiblah
City in western Arabia to which the Prophet Muhammad and his followers emigrated in 622 to escape persecution in Mecca. (p. 231)
medina
Remembrance of God
dhikr
non-required donation
sadaqa
the prescribed daily prayer
salat
The struggle within oneself to be a good Muslim
greater jihad
holy war for cause of Allah
lesser jihad
the Muslim official of a mosque who summons the faithful to prayer from a minaret five times a day
muezzin
ritually acceptable foods
halal
Forbidden
haram
month in which muslims fast
ramadan
nomadic Turkish people who sacked northern towns
uighurs
A dynasty that ruled the Muslim Empire from 661 to 750 and later established a kingdom in al-Andalus.
umayyads
Islamic mysticism
sufism
prescribed welfare tax, 25% of accumulated weath.
zakat