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tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder

retroperitoneal space

the area behind the peritoneum that contains the ureters and the kidneys

urinary bladder

hollow, muscular sac that holds and stores urine.

adipose capsule

fatty tissue that protects and holds the kidney in place


Tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body

renal pelvis

a funnel-shaped basin that collect urine from collecting ducts

renal capsule

tough outer layer that surrounds the kidney


a tiny microscopic filtering unit inside the kidney

renal medulla

Inner region of the kidney

renal cortex

outer region of the kidney

renal vein

the blood vessel draining the kidney

collecting duct

the portion of the nephron receiving filtrate from the glomerular capsule


tiny ball of capillaries (microscopic blood vessels) in the kidney

afferent arteriole

blood vessel supplying a nephron

glomerular capsule

thin double membrane surrounding the glomerulus of a nephron

nephron loop

t he portion of the nephron that dips into the medulla

renal artery

The blood vessel bringing blood to the kidney.

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