Terms in this set (75)
The development of an Israel Nation in 1947 caused the Palestinians to make up nearly half of THIS country's population?
This leader of Turkey encouraged education, the development of industries, allowed women to vote and discouraged them from wearing the traditional veil?
This is an Islamic place of worship?
An Iranian ruler, and the building of roads, schools, and other basic support facilities?
Shah and Infrastructure
This is how Britain ruled over Palestinian territory.
You can get you water by these two processes- Israel invented one, and one is the process of taking salt out of water.
Desalination and Drip Irrigation
These are the two predominant religion in Central and Southwest Asia.
The majority of the countries speak THIS language in the Middle East.
You can be a religious one of these or who leads without religious influences
Ayatollah and secular
Civil war broke out in THIS country between the Islamic population with ties to Turkey and the Christian population with ties to Greece
Since 2011, this country struggles economically due to fighting between organized rebel forces with government forces.
This group of people make up 20 percent of Israel's population and practice Islam.
The people in Yemen and Oman use the ancient Falaj system to make a living doing primarily this activity
Farming or agriculture
Because of the 1967 war, THIS country lost control of West Band and Eastern Jerusalem.
These three religions began in Southwest Asia.
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
Countries living on the Arabian Peninsula are investing large sums of money into the development of other resources due to the depletion of THIS resource
This country along the Mediterranean is the most industrial nation in Southwest Asia.
After their 1979 revolution, THIS country cut off ALL western influences and become an Islamic state.
At the end of its civil war the leaders of this country agreed to share power to run their government.
In order for this country to balance modern-day practices with the respect for ancient traditions, this nation's government maintains Islamic laws for everyday life.
After the 1991 Gulf War, Iraq failed to comply with the U.N. cease-fire agreement, so the U.N. imposed THIS serve restriction on trade.
After WWI, weak leadership and diversity caused its people contributed to the fall of WHAT empire.
You can fertilize your plant with this, or you can just move this arc of mineral rich, fertile soil.
Potash? and Fertile Cresent
A commission from the League of Nations authorizing a nation to govern a territory.
A movement origination in late nineteenth century Europe to promote the establishment of an independent Jewish state in the Middle East in the area of the original Kingdom of Israel.
The right of a people to decide their own political future
Is a process by which precisely controlled amounts of water drip directly onto plants from pipes, thus preserving precious water resources in dry areas.
Is a mineral used in explosives and fertilizer.
A region in the Middle East where farming and the first civilization developed.
A citizen army
Political disorder and violence; lawlessness
A server restriction of trade with other countries.
The process of removing salt from seawater so that it can be used for drinking and irrigation
The basic support facilities of a community or country, such as roads, and bridged, power plants, and schools.
In the Arabian Peninsula, an ancient system of underground and surface canals.
Worldly, not relation to religion
The title of the former ruler of Iran.
A religious leader among the Shiite Muslims.
This agreement for dividing the Ottoman empire limited the independent Arab state to the area that is now Saudi Arabia and Yemen. Great Britain and France.
Great Britian, France and Russia were known as what during World War I?
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire were known as what during World War I?
Husayn agreed to revolt again the Ottomans in exchange for what?
For British support of a homeland for all Arabs, including Christians.
When the Ottoman Empire was defeated it was reduced to what single independent country?
What two groups claimed Palestine as their homeland?
The Arabs and Jews.
In Eastern Europe and Russia, where more than half the world's WHO lived, faced increasing oppression.
What stated Britain's support for the creation of Jewish national home in Palestine without violating the right of Arabs living there.
What did the Arabs in Palestine do as a revolt again the increasing presence of Jews in Palestine?
They Boycotted Jewish businesses, burning bridges and crops, and carrying out armed attacks on Jewish settlements.
What did Britain do in response to the Arab revolts?
They limited Jewish immigration.
When the Jewish Agency tried to find a Jewish homeland in Palestine, the nations of Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Trans-Jordan, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen formed what that did what?
Arab League and it announced their support for Arabs in Palestine.
What did the United Nations suggest?
Separate Palestine into two states - one Arab and one Jewish.
What is one of the main challenges to exist according to the Israeli government?
Who was Israel's first prime minister?
What is the important part of Israel's national policy been directed to?
Into turning the unwelcoming desert into productive land that can be used for agriculture, industry, and settlement.
What cover's half of Israel?
The Negev Desert
What is the National Water Carrier?
It is a built system of pipelines, canals, and tunnels almost 100 miles long.
Why can't animals live in the Dead Sea?
Because there is a quantity of minerals in the sea and the land surrounding it is dry, lifeless wilderness.
What did the Israeli government do to get people to move to the desert?
They built new town and workers had been offered high pay and extra time off.
Today more than three quarters of all Israelis work in what areas?
Education, Housing, and Toursim
What did Israel's well-educated and highly trained scientists and engineers apply their skills to make Israel a world leader in what?
Medical laser technology, sophisticated weaponry, aerospace, equipment, and electronics.
What two groups of Jews formed a sharp division in Israeli society?
The Ashkenazi and Sephardic Jews
Which group of Jews came before 1948 and were from northern and eastern Europe?
Which group came after 1948 and they came from countries in southern Europe, Southwest Asia, North Africa, and Asia?
The Sephardic Jews
What percent of Israel's population is Arab?
What was the diverse population consist of?
Christians, Muslims, and Druzes (independent people who broke from Islam in the eleventh century and live in northern Israel.
What is the other major challenge Israel has to face?
It must build a lasting peace with the Palestinians and its other Arab neighbors.
What was the year the the United Nations voted to partition the British mandate of Palestine into two states - one Arab and one Jewish?
What is the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO)?
It is the Palestinian's government in exile.
What is the different form of resistance that means "shaking off" in Arabic?
About one third of Jordan's gross national product came from where?
Today about half of Jordan's population is who?
What had Jordan encouraged Palestinians to do?
Become part of the society
What did the Palestinian political groups threaten King Hussein about if he did not support them in their struggle for a homeland.
Threatened to overthrow him
What is King Hussein's son King Abdullah finishing for this father?
To unite an Islamic heritage with modern political freedoms.
What was often referred to ask the "Paris of the Middle East".
Lebanon's capital Beirut.
Who was power divided by in Lebanon?
The Maronite Christians, Sunni Muslims, Shiite Muslims, Greek Orthodox Christians, and Druze.