AP US Chapter 8
Commander of the Continental Army, first Commander-in-Chief.
English General who commanded the English forces at Bunker Hill.
American general of Rhode Island, helped to turn the tide against Cornwallis and his British army.
Successful American general during the revolution who turned traitor and joined the British cause.
British general who captured Fort Ticonderoga from the Americans but lost at the battle of Saratoga.
Commanding general of the British forces that were defeated at Yorktown, ending the American Revolution.
Wrote the pamphlet "Common Sense" arguing for American independence from Britain. Also published "The Rights of Man".
Barry St. Leger
Led British Army, Tried to take Fort Stanwix but American Benedict Arnold drove him back.
George Rogers Clark
Seized British forts on the southwestern frontier.
Richard Henry Lee
Proposed the resolution calling for independence of the American colonies.
Defeated General Burgoyne at the Battle of Saratoga.
John Paul Jones
American naval commander in the American Revolution.
He was a delegate from Virginia at the Second Continental Congress and wrote the Declaration of Independence.
Marquis de Lafayette
French soldier who joined General Washington's staff and became a general in the Continental Army.
Admiral de Grasse
A French admiral that had a powerful fleet in the West Indies which he offered to Washington to help in an attack on Cornwallis at Yorktown.
A famous orator who spoke out against British rule of the American colonies.
Comte de Rochambeau
French general who commanded French troops in the American Revolution, notably at Yorktown.
United States diplomat and jurist who negotiated peace treaties with Britain and served as the first chief justice of the United States Supreme Court.
Leader of the Green Mountain Boys.
Wife of John Adams. John Adams frequently sought the advice of his wife. Wrote him letters regarding women's rights and her dislike for slavery.
Former British officer who captured Montreal for the colonies.
King of England during the American Revolution.
The idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, and property.
Privately owned armed ships specifically authorized by congress to prey on enemy shipping.
A philosophy of limited government with elected representatives serving at the will of the people. The government is based on consent of the governed.
Letter written by Thomas Jefferson addressed to John Adams. Concerned the subject of aristocracy achieved by meritocracy.
The idea that a just government must derive its powers from the consent of the people it governs.
Notion that democracy depended on unselfish commitment to the public good.
Second Continental Congress
It met in 1776 and drafted and signed the Declaration of Independence, which justified the Revolutionary War and declared that the colonies should be independent of Britain.
A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies had a right to be an independent nation.
Declaration of Independence
The document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain.
American colonists or British citizens who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence
Patriots were rebellious colonists and the Whigs were their English counterparts.
Treaty of Paris 1783
Treaty Between England and the Colonies , formally ended the American Revolutionary War.
The first important battle of the American War of Independence.
Battle of Saratoga
Turning point of the American Revolution. It was very important because it convinced the French to give the U.S. military support.
Battle of Yorktown
Final battle of the war, in which French and American forces led by George Washington defeated British General Cornwallis.
German soldiers hired to fight with British forces.