After the Han dynasty fell in 220 CE, why did the Chinese's reject Confucianism for Buddhism?
They blamed Confucianism for civil and cultural dysfunction
What development enabled the Chinese to build suspension bridges and pagodas?
Iron and steel casting
Why did Song painters value landscape above other subjects?
It embodied the principle behind all things
What did bamboo in the exiled scholar-painters art symbolize?
Chinese peoples ability to bend and not to break
What is the goal of every Tibetan Mahayana Buddhist before crossing into paradise?
To help others reach enlightment
Why is a dancing Shiva commonly portrayed within a circle of fire
To symbolize his creative and destructive powers
Why did the Heian women write using the new, purely Japanese system, Hiragana?
The court discouraged shows of education in Chinese by women
Why did africas Ife people consider their king's head of supreme importance?
It has home of the spirit
Why must the Yoruba king cover his face with rows of beads?
To shield viewers from the power of his gaze
Why did the Benin build the massive earthwork walls and moats around their capital city?
As protection from raiding elephants
For what purpose do modern scholars believe the Shona built massive walls in the Great Enclosure, Great Zimbabwe?
To separate the royalty from the common people
Why was blood sacrifice central to Aztec Culture?
The sun, moon, and earth needed human blood for sustenance
Why did the court scholar-painters retreat from public life during the Yan Dynasty?
They were unwilling to serve under the Mongols
Why was gothic as applied to Frances new architecture orignally a deogatory term?
Goth's destroyed classic traditions
Why was light vital to Saint Desis's design
Light is the physical and material manifestation of the Divine Spirit
What from Charles Cathedral survived the devasting fire of 1194?
Notre Dame de la Belle Verriere- Stained Glass of the virgin, WEST POSOD
Why is the Jesse tree a common stain glass motif?
They were thought to represent the genealogy of Christ
Why did gothic cathedrals include flying buttresses?
Flying buttress allowed more light, and better structure of the weight on the Cathedral
Why did Siena experience population growth after 1125?
Its free commune status offered freedom from feudalism
Why were Siena's guilds able to rise to such levels of power?
Siena was an important manufacturing city
Why do pictures of the Virgin Mary abound in Siena?
Siena called itself "ancient city of the virgin"
Why by the end of the fourteenth century did Florence become an important banking city?
The pope conferred Siena's papal banking privileges on Florences
Why is the virgin mary's crown in Simone Martini's Maestra significant?
It establishes her as both a sacred and a secular gueen
Why in the Arena Chapel fresoces does Giotto deliberately abandon the Byzantine blance and symmetry?
To make the scenes look more relistic
Why was the book of kells moved from LOna off the Scottish coast to kellis in Ireland?
Protect it from the Vikings
Why did HIldegard of Bingen believe her plain chant brought heaven and earth together