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10 terms

7th Week's Words

STUDY
PLAY
Absolutism
Principle of complete and unrestricted government power usually in the hands of one person
Constitutional Monarchy
Government which Parliament makes laws and King/Queen serve primarily as a symbol and have no power to govern
Divine Right of Kings
Kings derived their power from God and could not be held accountable for their actions by an earthly authority such as government or parliament
Parliament
National representative body having supreme legislative powers within the nation
Enlightenment
Term used to describe the philosophical, intellectual and cultural movement of the 17th and 18th centuries
Voltaire
Philosopher who argued freedom of speech and freedom of religion should be protected rights
John Locke
Philosopher who argued that government was created to protect people's rights and if government, the people could create a new one
Rousseau
Philosopher who argued that the Social Contract was between the people, not the people and the ruler, the General Will should direct the government as to what direction to go
Montesquieu
Philosopher who argued that the government should have 3 branches of power
Hobbes
Philosopher who argued that the Social Contract was between the leader and the people and the people had no right to disobey they ruler. People were basically bad, ruler had to keep them in line