74 terms

CIW Web Design Specialist Glossary

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Active Server Pages (ASP)
A technology developed by Microsoft that uses the server to run scripts, then passes the output back to the browser.
Aggregator
Client software or a Web application that collects syndicated Web content in a single location for easy viewing.
AP element
A Dreamweaver container tag for X/HTML content — text, images, other content that allows designers better control over placement of content on the page with absolute positioning. Termed "layer" in previous versions of Dreamweaver.
Blacklist
Also known as blackhole list. A published list of IP addresses known to be sources of spam.
Blog
A collection of personal thoughts posted on a public Web site. Blogging is the act of adding entries to a blog.
Cascading Style Sheets
Multiple and overlapping style definitions that control the appearance of X/HTML elements.
Concatenation
Linking two or more units of information, such as strings or files, to form one unit.
Containing Block
A block or box that contains other elements.
Cookie
Information sent between a server and a client to help maintain state and track user activities. Cookies can reside only in memory, or be placed on a hard drive in the form of a text file.
Dithering
The ability for a computer to approximate a color by combining the RGB values.
Document Type Declaration (<!DOCTYPE>) Tag
A declaration of document or code type embedded within an HTML, XHTML, XML or SGML document; identifies the version and nature of code used. Denoted by the <!DOCTYPE> tag at the beginning of the document.
Document Type Definition (DTD)
A set of rules contained in a simple text file that defines the structure, syntax and vocabulary as it relates to tags and attributes for a corresponding document.
Domain Name System (DNS)
A system that maps uniquely hierarchical user-friendly domain names to specific numerical IP addresses.
Dynamic
Constantly changing.
Dynamic HTML (DHTML)
A combination of technologies (HTML 4.0 and later, script, CSS and the Document Object Model [DOM]) that provides Web page interactivity.
Extensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML)
The current standard authoring language used to develop Web pages and other electronically displayed documents. XHTML requires stricter code syntax than HTML.
Extensible Markup Language (XML)
A markup language that describes document content, instead of adding structure or formatting to document content. A simplified version of SGML.
Extensible Stylesheet Language Transformation (XSLT)
A transformation language that formats styled XML data for document rendering.
File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
An Internet protocol used to transfer files between computers; allows file transfer without corruption or alteration.
Frame
A Web page that defines a set of frames in which other Web pages are displayed.
Frameset
A scrollable region in which pages can be displayed; a single element of a frameset. Each frame has its own URL.
Glyph
An element of writing.
Graphical User Interface (GUI)
A program that provides graphical navigation with menus and screen icons.
Greenfield
A project that lacks any constraints imposed by prior development.
Hyperlink
Embedded instruction within a text file that links it to another point in the file or to a separate file.
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)
The traditional authoring language used to develop Web pages for many applications.
Inheritance
The principle of passing on style definitions from parent elements to child elements.
Inline style
A style attribute added directly within HTML tags.
Instant Messaging (IM)
A computer-based method of communication in which users can type and view messages sent to one or more recipients, and view the responses immediately.
Interactivity
The ability for software to respond differently to the user's actions; the system's response is directly communicated to the user.
Leading
The amount of added vertical spacing between lines of type.
Mailing List Server
An e-mail server that regularly sends e-mail messages to a specified list of users. List servers can also collect and distribute messages from an authorized group of participants, called a listserve group.
Measure
The width of a body of type.
Metadata
Data about data.
Metalanguage
A language used for creating other languages.
Method
An action performed by an object.
Motion path
The path a tweened object takes during its movement around the stage.
MPEG-1 Audio Layer-3 (MP3)
Popular compression standard for audio files; retains most of the sound quality of the source.
Needs Analysis
The process of determining a customer's needs by acquiring information, processing and evaluating the information, then creating a plan of action to address the needs.
Object
A programming function that models the characteristics of abstract or real objects using classes.
Opt-in e-mail
An e-mail list service that is created legitimately by subscribing only users who specifically request to be added to the list.
Opt-out e-mail
An e-mail list service that requires subscribers to unsubscribe themselves if they do not want to continue receiving messages. Opt-out is implied for opt-in e-mail services, although it is often used in unsolicited e-mailing lists to give the appearance that recipients requested their addition (opted in) to the list.
Pixel
Short for "picture element." A unit of measure that represents a minimum amount of graphical information as a single dot on a display screen.
Plug-in
A program installed as part of the browser to extend its basic functionality. Allows different file formats to be rendered via the browser.
Port
An integer from 0 to 65535 representing a particular path for information flow; a specific protocol is typically associated with a particular port.
Portable Document Format (PDF)
A file format that can be transferred across platforms and retain its formatting.
Project Schedule
A document that lists the planned dates for performing tasks and meeting goals defined in a project plan.
Property
A characteristic, such as color, width or height, that the programmer stipulates in the creation of the object.
Property Keyframe
A value defined for a property at a specific time or frame in a motion tween.
Push Technology
A Web delivery format that allows Web page content to automatically download to a computer at user-defined intervals.
Scope
The goals and tasks of a project, and the work required to complete them.
Scope Creep
Gradual increases in project scope that can undermine the success of a project.
Secure XML
XML data that is encrypted then transmitted over the Internet using digital signatures to ensure privacy and data integrity.
Site Map
A graphical representation of a Web site's hierarchy.
Spam
Unsolicited and unwanted e mail messages; the online equivalent of junk mail.
Spam Filter
An e-mail client program that identifies and filters out spam messages before they reach the email Inbox.
Stakeholder
A person or group with an interest in a project and the power to exert influence (either positive or negative) over the project and affect results.
Statement
A single line of code to be executed in a script or program.
Statement Of Work (SOW)
A contract to initiate a project; the contract contains project goals and specifies how those goals will be met.
Stream
A continuous flow of data, usually sound or image files, that creates a seamless delivery of those files into a browser.
Style Guide
A book, manual or guide specifying rules and examples of usage, punctuation, and typography; used in preparing text for publication.
Style Sheet
A predefined HTML document structure that includes heading fonts, text layout commands, graphic object placement, and other design guidelines.
Syndication
The sharing of content among different Web sites.
Tag
A user-defined non-hierarchical term assigned to an item for categorization purposes.
Tags
Special pieces of code, enclosed in angle brackets, that tell the HTML interpreter how to process or display text.
TinyURL
A free Web service that generates short aliases for long URLs.
Tween Span
A group of frames in the timeline in which an object on the stage can have one or more properties changed over time.
Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
A text string that supplies an Internet or intranet address, and the protocol by which that site can be accessed.
Viewport
The viewing area that displays Web pages. When the viewport is smaller than the Web page, scroll bars should be available.
Web feed
A data format for delivering Web content that is updated frequently.
Web services
A group of XML-based technologies and open standards that enable computers with various platforms and software to exchange data and share functionality over the Web.
Wiki site
A collaborative Web site that uses Webbased Wiki software to allow visitors to update the site using only a browser. Useful for team collaboration, information repositories and portals.
World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)
An international industry consortium founded in 1994 to develop common standards for the World Wide Web.
Z-index
A value that determines a box's stacking order along the z-axis.