Ch. 9 Carolingian and Byzantine Empires
Terms in this set (41)
What 2 Germanic tribes moved into Britain after the Roman Empire? After intermarriage, what did they become?
The Angols and Saxons
The Anglo- Saxons
Which Germanic kingdom was long lasting? Who was it established by? How did he become a christian?
In 500AD after God answered his prayer in battle
What modern day countries are located where the kingdom of the Franks was located?
France and Germany
What was the crucial social bond in Germanic society? How did it affect ideas of crime and punishment? What were developed to avoid family feuds?
In Germanic law, a crime against a person was a crime against their family ( not the state)
List the 4 major role in the christian church in order of how much power/ prestige the title had and what did they do?
Pope- head of the Roman Catholic Church
Archbishop- led groups of bishoprics
Bishop- led a bishopric
Priest- Led a parish
What is a parish?
A local Christian community
What is a bishopric/ diocese?
A group of parishes
What is a monk?
A man who separated themselves from ordinary society in order to dedicate their lives to God
Who wrote a set of rules for monks to follow? What 3 things were those rules based on?
Manual labor, prayer and communal living
What sort of services did monks provide to society?
Hospitals, hospitality, schools and missionaries
Who created the Carolingian Empire? What Germanic group did he also rule? What 3 cultures did he symbolically combine?
Roman, Christian and Germanic
What was the role of the missi dominici?
To carry out the king's wishes throughout the kingdom
What was the Carolingian Renaissance a revival of? Who was inspired by it? How did monks respond?
Interest in Latin culture and classical literature
They began to copy manuscripts of the Bible and other classical works
When did Charlemagne die? What happened to his empire after his death?
It was split into the west, east and middle
What 3 groups attacked the Carolingian Empire in the 9th and 10th century/
Muslims, Magyars from Asia and Vikings from Scandinavia
What areas did the Muslims attack in the Carolingian Empire?
Southern coasts of Europe
What areas did the Magyars from Asia attack in the Carolingian Empire?
Western and central Europe
What areas did the vikings from Scandinavia attack in the Carolingian Empire?
Much of Europe and Britain
How was the new English language developed in England?
Normans intermarried with the Anglo- Saxon nobility
How did King Henry II increase the power of the English monarch?
He increased the number of criminal cases tried int the kings court and devised means for taking property cases from local courts to royal courts
What was the Magna Carta and why was it written?
A document of rights
To give recognition that the relationship between kings and vassals was based on mutual rights and trust and to strengthen the idea that a monarch's power was limited not absolute
Who signed the Magna Carta? When?
King John in 1215
Which of the 3 sections of modern day France became modern- day France?
The west Frankish lands
What is and estate? What were the 3 estates of France?
Clergy, Nobles and peasants/ townspeople
Which of the 3 sections of the Frankish kingdom became modern- day Germany?
The east Frankish lands
What 3 groups did the Slavic people divide into?
Western, southern and eastern Slavics
What happened to the Eastern Roman Empire after the fall of the Western Roman Empire? Who became its emperor in 527?
It continued to exist
What was Justinian's goal? What was his greatest accomplishment?
To reestablish the Roman empire in the entire Mediterranean world
He simplified Roman law, which became the basis for the legal system in Europe
What problems did the Eastern Roman Empire have after the death of Justinian? What was the result of these problems?
Too much territory to protect, empty treasury, Loss of population due to plague and threats of Islamic invasion
What was the smaller version of the Eastern Roman Empire called? What was the christian church in this empire called? Who appointed the head of the church?
The Eastern Orthodox Church
The Byzantine emperor
What kind of power did the Byzantine emperor have? Who did people believe had chosen him?
What was the capital of the Byzantine Empire? How was it destroyed? Who rebuild it?
What was Constantinople like?
It became the largest city in Europe with a huge palace, hundreds of churches and the Hippodrome arena
What impact did the Macedonian rulers have on the empire?
They made the empire larger and more powerful
How did the Eastern Orthodox Church feel about the pope? What did the pope and patriarch ( head of Eastern Orthodox Church) do to each other in 1054? What did that lead to?
They did not accept the pope as the sole head of Christianity
They excommunicated each other
The Great Schism between them
Who asked the Christian Europeans for help against the invading Seljuk Turks ( Muslims)?
The Byzantine emperor, Alexius I
Who encouraged Europeans christians to start the crusades? Why?
Pope Urban II because he saw it as an opportunity to regain Jerusalem from the Muslims
What made up the majority of the first crusades? What city did they attack?
Mostly French troops. Jerusalem
When did Muslims regain control of Jerusalem? Who was their leader?
1187 and Saladin
Who initiated the 4th Crusade? Who did some crusaders attack on the way? How did that impact the 2 branches of Christianity?
Pope Innocent the III. The Byzantine Empire at Constantinople. It added to the division between Eastern Orthodox and Roman catholic
What were 3 impacts of the Crusades?
Widespread attacks on Jews began during this time, bred hatred between Muslims and Christians and Feudalism ended