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125 terms

History of the Music Industry Exam #4 Updated

STUDY
PLAY
"wheels of steel"
turntables; mobile disc jockeys
Akio Marita and Masaru Ibuka
co founders of Sony Corporation 1946 Tokyo
Apple Computer
computer available for stores; announced macintosh
bar code technology used by Billboard
Soundscan
Bedroom Band
1 person plays everything as a results of the development of CD burning on computers and synthesizers
Bee Gees
"Stayin Alive"; had 4 singles on the top ten in February 1978
Who began experimenting with optical electronics in the 1960s
Phillips
Bertlesman
a multinational media corporation founded in 1835, based in Gütersloh, Germany; purchased RCA in 87 for 333 million
Bill Gates
an American Business magnate, philanthropist, author, and chairman of Microsoft the software company he founded with Paul Allen
BMG
an international group of music companies focused on the management of music rights
BMG and Sony Merger
effective January 2009 Song buys BMG
Broadcast Data System (BDS)
Nielsen BDS debuted in 1992 gave accurate count of airplay, and no physical singles were required
Cable TV
1948 to rural areas (antennae = poor reception) approx 16 mil households had cable by the end of the 1970s
CBGB
a punk music club located at 315 bowery at Bleecker st on the Borough of Manhattan in New York City
Clive Calder
a South African-born and UK based record executive and businessman primarily known for co-founding the Zomba Group and its subsidiary Jive Records
CMT
an American country music-oriented cable television network. Programming includes music videos, taped concerts, movies, biographies of country music stars, game shows, and reality programs. Owned and operated by MTV Networks, a subsidiary of Viacom.
compact disc developed by...
Phillips
Contemporary Christian Magazine
what gave contemporary christian music
its name
created Napster
Shawn Fanning
Created the Apple II Computer
Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak
Curb
owned by Mike Curb, began as sidewalk records and had a distribution agreement with warner brothers
Def Jam
formed by Rick Ruben in 1983 released artists such as LL Cool J and Beastie Boys
Developed Beta System
Windows
developed the first computer chip
Intel
Developed the internet
JR licklider
Developed the keyboard synthesizer
Robert Moog
Developed the Netscape Browser
Mosaic Communications
Developed the world wide web
Tim Berners-Lee
Developed VHS System
Phillips
Disco Clubs
people went and danced in the clubs in the 1970s
dot com bubble
march 10, 2000; was a disaster for many of the investors and companies and a huge benefit for consumers
Dove Award
award that the Gospel Music Association created
Dr. Dre
member of NWA
Edgar Bronfmann
investment group owner that purchased Warner Brothers
EMI/Capitol
british firm that had control of American owned Capitol, purchased United Artists, then merged with Thorn Electronics: Thorn-EMI
first superstation
WTBS, second to use satellite service; broadcast
sports and classic movies
Formed Def Jam
Rick Rubin
founded interscope
Jimmy Lovine and Ted Field
founded Sony
Akio Morita and Masaru Ibuka
Founded Zomba
Clive Calder and Ralph Simon
Geffen Records
David Geffen; Geffen and A&M merged into interscope
Generation X
1965-1978, a time of a lot of divorce, out of wedlock births, disregard of children. Very individual. Low birth rate
German Soldier
Reinhard Mohn
group who recorded "Nevermind" album
Nirvana
Grunge
a subgenre of alternative rock that emerged during the mid-1980s in the American state of Washington, particularly in the Seattle area.
Intel
developed the computer chip
internet originally created by...
JR Licklider
Interscope
formed by Jimmy Iovine and Ted field in 1990
iPod
a line of portable media players designed and marketed by Apple and launched on October 23, 2001.
iTunes
a proprietary digital media player application, used for playing and organizing digital music and video files.
Jesus Movement
a movement in Christianity beginning on the West Coast of the United States in the late 1960s and early 1970s and spreading primarily through North America and Europe, before dying out by the early 1980s.
Jimmy Iovine &Ted Field
founded interscope records
Jive
label created by Zomba
Jive Records
independent label formed in 1981; artists like Britney Spears, Backstreet Boys and N'Sync
John Travolta
starred in movies like Saturday Night Fever, Grease, and Urban Cowboy. Big in the 70s
Label created by Zomba
Jive
Label of Rapper's Delight
Sugar Hill
Latin word for sound
sonus
led group of investors to purchase Warner Bros in 2004
Edgar Bronfman
Live Nation
a live-events company based in Beverly Hills, California, focused on concert promotions.
M.C. Hammer
an American rapper, entertainer, business entrepreneur, dancer and actor.
Mall Record Stores
...
Matsushita
industrial electrical company purchased MCA
MCA
now Universal. Had booking agency they had to get rid of
merged with American Online (AOL)
Warner Bros
Merged with Time life
Warner Bros
merger of BMG and Sony
2004
Michael Jackson
Released Thriller Album
Microsoft
released Windows and Developed the Beta system
mike curb
formed curb records, presidenf of MGM -1969, also politician
millenials or Generation Y
describes the demographic cohort following Generation X. As there are no precise dates for when the Millennial generation starts and ends, commentators have used birth dates ranging somewhere from the mid-1970s to the early 2000s.
Moog Synthesizer
Robert Moog invented the Moog synthesizer, it was the first to use a piano-style keyboard
Movie that brought the cowboy look back into country
urban cowboy
movie that capture disco trend
saturday night fever
MP3
a patented digital audio encoding format using a form of lossy data compression.
MTV
started the era of music television
MTV vs. Michael Jackson
MTV refused to air them his videos;
Said MTV was a "rock and roll" station and that the videos were rhythm and blues; CBS threatened to pull off all of its artists, and MTV changed their mind
Nashville, TN
TNN
New Kids on the Block
an American boy band from Boston, Massachusetts, assembled in 1984 by producer Maurice Starr.
NWA
group that recorded Straight outta Compton album
Parents Music Resource Group
introduced warning stickers on albums
percentage of american homes with cable
66.66%
Phillips
demonstrated CD system
Polygram
label that purchased Mercury, British Decca, Casablanca, A&M Records
and Island records before being sold to MCA in 1998
Print outlet for contemporary christian music
CCM
punk club in NY
CBGB
Punk Movement
new wave punk 1974-1977 (Sex Pistols, The Ramones) fast, loud, abrasive music, not very musically talented "anybody can do this"
purchased Arista records in 1979
BMG
purchased by Matsushita Electrical Industrial Company
MCA
purchased by seagrams in 1995
MCA
purchased by CBS records in 1987
Sony
purchased by Polygram in 1998
MCA
purchased provident (Zomba) in 2003
BMG
purchased RCA records in 1998
Bertlesmann
purchased Warner Bros in 2004
Edgar Bronfman
purhcased Zomba in 2002
BMG
rapper who was killed in Las Vegas
Tupac Shakur
reasons gangsta rap was developed
reality rap by product of crack explosion
reason CCM exploded
the jesus revolution
reasons iTunes succeeded
because people who wanted to just singles could buy songs without buying the whole album
recorded straight outta compton
NWA
released album Slow Train Coming
Bob dylan
Rick Rubin
formed Def Jam Records
Robert Stigwood
RSO records for disco
Russel Simmons
joined Rick Rubin with Def Jam Records
Shaun Fanning
developed Napster
Significance of the netscape browser
it gave consumers the first broadly
popular commercial browser to surf the internet and made the internet accessible to everyone, it sparked the internet boom
Sony
began by making tape recorders
Sony Corp of America vs. Universal Group
supreme court ruled the VCR
device was allowable for private use
Soundscan
barcode technology used by billboard
star of urban cowboy
john travolta
Steve Jobs
founder of apple that released the apple II
Sugar Hill
label of Rappers Delight
Sugar Hill Gang
artist of Rappers Delight (first chart record rap song)
Sug Knight
cofounded Death Row Records
Technologies that changed the music industry
bar code
telecommunications act of 1996
allowed companies to own a lot of radio stations, also allowed local and long distance companies to get into each others
businesses (Fiber Optic Cable)
Ticketmaster
a ticket sales and distribution company based in West Hollywood, California, USA, with operations in many countries around the world. In 2010 it merged with Live Nation to become Live Nation Entertainment.
Time Berners Lee
developed the world wide web
Time Warner
merger of time/life and warner brothers that merged with America
Online
Tokyo Telecommunications Research Laboratories Inc.
...
universal
purchased by MCA
Urban Cowboy
moving starring john travolta
Walmart
developed a retail
Yo, MTV Raps!
hosted by Dr. Dre, Ed Lover and T-Money