34 terms

PsychHB-Psychological Disorders

STUDY
PLAY
psychological disorder
behavior patterns or mental processes that cause serious personal suffering or interfere with one's ability to cope with daily life
dysfunctional
interfering with the ability to cope in daily life
culture-bound syndrome
a pattern of abnormal behavior recognized in specific cultures that may or may not be linked to an official category of psychological disorder
anxiety
a general state of dread or uneasiness that occurs in response to a vague or imagined danger
phobia
fear (from the Greek word for fear "phobos")
specific phobia (simple phobia)
an anxiety disorder marked by a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object or situation
social anxiety disorder
fear and anxiety of being judged and evaluated by other people
panic attack
an episode of intense fear or discomfort accompanied by physical and psychological symptoms such as dizziness, breathing difficulties, chest pain, fear of impending doom, etc.
agoraphobia
fear of being in places in which escape may be difficult or impossible
obsession
Unwanted thought that a person can't stop thinking about
compulsion
Ritualistic behavior that person feels they must do
posttraumatic stress disorder
extreme anxiety after event that almost anyone would find stressful
mood
long-lasting emotion that affects how one perceives the world
depression
feelings of sadness, helplessness, guilt, worthlessness, and hopelessness; the "common cold" of serious mental illness
mania
state characterized by excessive elation, irritability, talkativeness, inflated self-esteem, and expansiveness
deviant
statistically uncommon
socially unacceptable
society's "rules" discourage it
DSM-5
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders; used to diagnose mental disorders
obsessive-compulsive disorder
disorder that features either obsessions, compulsions, or both
major depressive disorder
a mood disorder in which a person, for no apparent reason, experiences two or more weeks of depressed moods, feelings of worthlessness, and diminishes interest or pleasure in most activities
delusions
false beliefs, often of persecution or grandeur, that may accompany psychotic disorders
schizophrenia
a group of disorders marked by lack of reality testing, and disturbances in thought, perception, language, behavior, and emotions
psychotic
inability to reliably determine reality from imaginary
bipolar disorder
a mood disorder characterized by episodes of mania and depression
seasonal affective disorder
symptoms of major depression during fall and winter
hallucinations
false sensory perceptions
loose associations
thoughts are unrelated
poverty of content
using many words, but conveying little meaning
clanging
using words together only because they rhyme or sound similar
word salad
language is so jumbled that it makes no sense
negative symptoms
an absence of certain normal behaviors
catatonic rigidity
abnormal stiffness of the arms and/or legs
catatonic posturing
holding an odd position for long periods of time
catatonic stupor
symptom of schizophrenia marked by inability to move or react to the environment.
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR