SOL Review - Second Semester
Terms in this set (194)
Who are Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton?
leaders of the women's suffrage movement (right to vote)
What is the 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution?
prohibited the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcohol
Who are Orville and Wilbur Wright?
two brothers who made the first airplane flight at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina
What are some ways rural electrification changed rural life?
laborsaving products (washer),
and improved communication
What were the results of prohibition?
speakeasies and bootleggers
Who are two people responsible for major communication changes in the early 20th century?
Gugliemo Marconi (radio)
and David Sarnoff (broadcast industry)
Why did many African Americans migrate north?
to escape discrimination and violence
and to find better employment opportunities
Who is Georgia O'Keeffe?
artist known for her paintings of urban scenes and later the Southwest.
What was the rebirth of arts and literature by African Americans?
Who are two key African Americans in art and literature during the Harlem Renaissance?
Langston Hughes and Jacob Lawrence
Who are Duke Ellington, Louis Armstrong, and Bessie Smith?
two jazz composers and musicians (Ellington, Armstrong) and a blues singer (Smith)
What is the Stock Market?
Places where shares of companies are bought and sold
What system failed to prevent the collapse of banks in the U.S ?
Federal Reserve System
What era of hardship began with the stock market crash of 1929?
What are some reasons for the Great Depression?
failure of the Federal Reserve System,
high tariffs which strangled trade,
and people were over-speculating on stocks
Why did the U.S. support high tariffs?
to raise revenue,
and protect U.S. industries
How did the Depression impact Americans?
banks and businesses failed,
unemployment was high,
people were hungry and homeless,
and income was low for farmers
Who was the dictator of Nazi Germany?
Who were Benito Mussolini and Hideki Tojo?
Mussolini - Fascist dictator of Italy
Tojo - Fascist general who led Japan
What event started World War II?
Invasion of Poland by Germany
What event brought the United States into World War II?
Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941
Who were the Allied Powers during World War II?
Great Britain, United States, Canada and eventually U.S.S.R. (1941) (Also France)
What was the law that allowed the U.S. to lend or rent supplies to warring countries whose defense was important to the U.S.?
Who were the Allied leaders during World War II?
Winston Churchill (Great Britain), Joseph Stalin (U.S.S.R.), and Presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman
Where were most Jews housed during World War II?
What was the turning point of World War II in the Pacific?
Battle of Midway
What was the turning point of World War II in Europe?
Soviet Union's defeat of Germany at Stalingrad
When was the Allied invasion of Normandy, France?
June 6, 1944; D-Day
Where did the United States drop two atomic bombs to end World War II?
Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan
What was the Holocaust?
Hitler's attempt to rid Europe of all Jews
How did World War II affect every aspect of American life?
end of the Great Depression, internment of many Japanese Americans, rationing and conservation of resources, women joined the workforce, and some racial barriers ended
What provided educational, housing, and employment benefits for World War II veterans?
G.I. Bill of Rights
What was the Marshall Plan?
George C. Marshall's plan for rebuilding Europe after World War II
What organization was formed to maintain world security and peace?
What is the "Baby Boom?"
population surge post-World War II that led to changing demographics
What is the non-military battle between democracy and communism that emerged after World War II between the U.S.and Soviet Union?
What are the major differences in goals and ideologies between the United States and Soviet Union?
democratic and capitalist (US) versus dictatorial and communist (Soviet Union)
What is the policy of containment?
A means of not defeating communism while not allowing it to spread
What is NATO?
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (made up of Canada, United States, and ten western European countries).
What was the Warsaw Pact?
counterpart to NATO led by Soviet Union
What is a stalemate?
When there is no winner; the way the Korean conflict ended.
What is the famous quote by President John F. Kennedy in his inaugural address to the nation?
"Ask not what your country can do for you, rather ask what you can do for your country."
What are three major conflicts that have occurred since World War II?
Korean War (1950-1953),
Cuban Missile Crisis (1962),
Vietnam War (1965-1973)
What are two reasons for the collapse of communism in Europe?
Destruction of the Berlin Wall and breakup of the Soviet Union into independent countries
What is the quote that calls for an end to the Iron Curtain?
President Ronald Reagan said, "Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!"
What was the court case of Plessy vs. Ferguson?
Supreme Court ruling that approved "separate but equal" status for the races in public facilities.
Who is Rosa Parks?
An African American woman who refused to give up her seat to a white passenger on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama in 1955.
What was the Brown vs. Board of Education court case?
Supreme Court ruling that ended "separate but equal"; ended segregation and led to integration of public schools
What was the Civil Rights Act of 1964?
Legislation that led to increased educational, economic and politicalopportunities for minorities.
Who was the leader of passive resistance?
Martin Luther King, Jr.
What are three forms of nonviolent organized protesting?
and protest marches
What is the Voting Rights Act of 1965?
legislation that banned literacy tests and provided federal officials to ensure African Americans' right to vote
What is NOW?
National Organization for Women; the women's movement for "equal pay for equal work"
Who discovered that plasma could be separated from the red blood cells?
Who led the Manhattan Project team that built the first atom bomb?
J. Robert Oppenheimer
Which architect created the prairie style architecture?
Frank Lloyd Wright
Who was a dancer and choreographer of modern dance?
Who is an African American historian?
Henry Louis Gates
Who is an African American writer and poet?
Who is the founder of Microsoft?
Who purchased the McDonald Corporation and started the Franchise Realty Company?
the ability to enter or use
Hostile action, especially a physical or military attack, directed against another person or country, often without sound reason
A believer in capitalism which is an
economic system based on private property and free enterprise; the USA has this type of system
A nation that is joined in an association with another or others for mutual help and support or the achievement of a common purpose
Islands off the southeastern coast of Florida that were part of the Lend-Lease agreement between the U.S. and Great Britain during WWII
to study something by looking at the smaller, separate parts
When both sides in a war or armed conflict agree to cease hostilities.
Discrimination or hatred of Jews
A Caucasian person of non-Semitic descent regarded as racially superior
the desire to achieve a goal
a sharp rise in births following WWII
To fail abruptly
A system in which property is owned by society instead of an individual; a dictator is in charge
Programs offered by employers to assist workers financially such as medical insurance, credit unions, sick leave, and vacation leave
To use something sparingly so as not to exhaust supplies
A concrete wall built in West Berlin to keep people in the communist area from escaping
Someone who buys goods or services
easy to reach or close at hand
To change the function or use of something
An organized action to prevent entrance or exit of a place
A pay-later system in which a buyer can take possession of something now and pay for it later or over time
when a group of people refuse to use a good or service in order to achieve a goal
To refuse to deal with an organization, company, or process as a form of protest
Brown v. Board of Education of
a Supreme Court case that overruled the idea that "separate but equal" was legal and initiated the desegregation of public schools
Civil Rights Act of 1964
federal legislation that made it illegal to
segregate in public facilities
A state of tension between the United States and the Soviet Union without actual fighting that divided the world into two camps
The policy of preventing the expansion of a hostile power
A large island just south of Florida where the Cuban Missile Crisis took place
Cuban Missile Crisis
When the Soviet Union placed missiles in Cuba. The Soviets removed the missiles in response to a U.S. blockade
An amount of money, a service, or an item of property that is owed to somebody
To beat an enemy
A government by the people; freedoms
African American and white college students (usually from northern states) rode buses through southern states to challenge segregation
the makeup of a group of people; statistics
G.I. Bill of Rights
federal legislation that provided funding for housing, education and job opportunities for veterans
open a place to members of all ethnic or
To cause severe or widespread damage to something
A leader who rules with total control
an epidemic of infectious disease that is
spreading through human populations across a large region
to treat a person unfairly based on the group they belong to
the linking of nations through trade,
information, technologies and
having to do with home life
Either the northern or southern half of the earth as divided by the Equator or the eastern or western half as divided by a meridian
Coined by President Eisenhower, a belief that if one country is taken over by communism, then all surrounding countries will fall to communism
a road for high speed travel
The countries, territories, and regions of China, Hong Kong, Japan, North and South Korea, Macau, Mongolia, eastern
parts of Russia, and Taiwan
Hiroshima & Nagasaki
Two cities in Japan in which the U.S. dropped atomic bombs in 1945, forcing Japan to surrender and ending WWII
Relating to economics, the economy of a country, or money in general
A systematic attempt to rid Europe of all Jews
Confined to one's homeland
systems of social beliefs
something that amuses or gains attention
An increase in the supply of currency or credit relative to the availability of goods and services, resulting in higher prices
Equal Rights Amendment
a proposed amendment to the Constitution to give women equal rights to men; was not approved or made into law
Likely to fall or collapse
to be treated exactly the same
involving several countries
a computer network used to access and share information
Detention centers where Japanese Americans were moved and confined during WWII
to look at something carefully to decide its value or meaning
to change slowly
a part of a larger work of literature, music, or art
to offer an explanation of meaning
to travel with the purpose of gathering information or discovering new things
something that connects or goes through two or more states
a public place with a specific purpose
To enter a country by military force
A form of government in which total power is given to a dictator and individual freedoms are denied
to give time or money to something
National policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People: fights for equal treatment for African Americans in the workplace, government and public places
a high-speed airplane
NATO (North Atlantic Treaty
An organization that has an agreement that "an armed attack against one or more of the member nations shall be considered an attack against all". It includes the U.S. and most Western European countries.
During the Korean War, Korea separated into North and South Korea along the 38th parallel of latitude, with the Soviets supporting North Korea and America supporting South Korea.
When a nation does not take either side in a conflict
distance north or south of the equator, measured in degrees
Non-contiguous region (cities)
Juneau, Alaska; Honolulu, Hawaii
Non-contiguous region (states)
the making of laws
Lend Lease Act
An agreement between the US and Great Britain. The US gave war supplies to Great Britain in return for military bases in Bermuda and the Caribbean
(D-Day) June 6, 1944
American and Allied troops landed in Normandy, France to begin the liberation of Western Europe
Setting someone free.
Northeast region (cities)
New York, New York;
A plan to provide economic aid to Europe after WWII; named after Gen. George C. Marshall
Northeast region (states)
Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire,
Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode
Island, New York, New Jersey,
National Organization of Women: fought
for equal treatment for women in the
workplace, government and public places
To invade and take control of a country,
area, or building
a means of mass communication
to resist something or act as an obstacle in the way of something
To combine or unite with something to form a single unit
Subcontracting a process, such as product design or manufacturing, to a third-party company or country
St. Louis, Missouri;
Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan,
Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri,
Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, North
San Francisco, California;
Los Angeles, California;
Washington, Oregon, California
Military action undertaken in order to
change what is happening or might happen in another country
a group having little power or representation in relation to another group in society
The division of a country into two or more separate states or countries (ex. Korea and Vietnam)
Montgomery Bus Boycott
African Americans in Montgomery,
Alabama refused to use the public bus
service after Rosa Parks was arrested for sitting in a white only section
to struggle without violence
Naval base in Hawaii in which the Japanese attacked on Dec. 7, 1941 and began direct involvement of the U.S. in WWII
a document written or created by a
person who used primary sources for
A system of thought; beliefs
to keep separated by group
a characteristic of a place that occurs
naturally such as a landform or body of water
an order of one thing following after another
when African Americans and their
supporters sat at lunch counters in
restaurants intended for whites in
protest of segregation
A country just east of Germany that Hitler invaded on September 1, 1939. This leads to the beginning of WWII
a phrase that promotes an idea, person, or organization; a motto
a plan of action meant to influence all actions or decisions made by a group or government
New Orleans, Louisiana
Relating to politics and government issues, especially party politics
political & economic instability
A situation in which the government and
economy of a country may fall or collapse
Maryland, Delaware, West Virginia,
Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee,
North Carolina, South Carolina,
Georgia, Florida, Alabama,
Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas
a document written or created by a person who was a witness
San Antonio, Texas;
Santa Fe, New Mexico
the rate at which goods and services are produced
Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Arizona
To be successful, especially in financial or economic terms, through effort or good fortune
A situation during a conflict when
action stops because both sides are
equally powerful and neither side
will give in
a organized public display of disagreement
Limited of scarce goods during wartime
To hold as "supreme" over all others
an area or group of states
The science of organizing and
maneuvering forces in battle to
achieve a limited or immediate aim
differences between regions or areas
the use of electronic systems to
communicate over a distance
Compensation demanded of a defeated nation by the victor in a war especially that demanded of Germany by the Treaty of Versailles after WWI
Uneasy feeling in a relationship,
mistrust, controlled hostility, or fear
of hostility felt by countries, groups,
or individuals in their dealings with
The condition of competing with somebody else; competition
Rosie the Riveter
Character developed to encourage women to take factory jobs
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