22 terms

Ch. 15

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Angel Island
The immigration station on the west coast where Asian immigrants, mostly Chinese gained admission to the U.S. at San Francisco Bay. Between 1910 and 1940 50k Chinese immigrants entered through Angel Island. Questioning and conditions at Angel Island were much harsher than Ellis Island in New York.
Culture Shock
a condition of disorientation affecting someone who is suddenly exposed to an unfamiliar culture or way of life or set of attitudes
Ellis Island
an island in New York Bay that was formerly the principal immigration station for the United States
Melting Pot
the mixing of cultures, ideas, and peoples that has changed the American nation. The United States, with its history of immigration, has often been called a melting pot.
Chinese Exclusion Act
Pased in 1882; banned Chinese immigration in US for a total of 40 years because the United States thought of them as a threat. Caused chinese population in America to decrease.
Gentlemens Agreement
Agreement when Japan agreed to curb the number of workers coming to the US and in exchange Roosevelt agreed to allow the wives of the Japenese men already living in the US to join them
Urbanization
the social process whereby cities grow and societies become more urban
Row house
a house that is one of a row of identical houses situated side by side and sharing common walls
Dumbell Tenements
Cheap housing units created when cities became packed with people during the industrial revolution. They were termed dumbbell tenements due to the design of the building, which looked like a dumbbell with many housing units sharing a corridor.
Social Gospel Movement
a social reform movement that developed within religious institutions and sought to apply the teachings of Jesus directly to society
Settlement houses
neighborhood centers in poor areas that offered education, recreation, and social activities
Jane Adams
Social reformer who worked to improve the lives of the working class. In 1889 she founded Hull House in Chicago, the first private social welfare agency in the U.S., to assist the poor, combat juvenile delinquency and help immigrants learn to speak English.
Graft
The illegal use of political influence for personal gain
Political Machine
a group that controls the activities of a political party
Kickback
an arrangement in which contractors padded the amount of their bill for city work and paid, or "kicked back" a percentage of that amount to the political bosses.
Tammany Hall
a political organization within the Democratic Party in New York city (late 1800's and early 1900's) seeking political control by corruption and bossism
Tweed Ring
(USG) , the corrupt part of Tammany Hall in New York City, started by Burly "Boss" Tweed that Samuel J. Tilden, the reform governor of New York had been instrumental in overthrowing, Thomas Nast exposed through illustration in Harper's Weekly
Thomas Nast
United States political newspaper cartoonist (1840-1902) who produced satirical cartoons, he invented "Uncle Sam" and came up with the elephant and the donkey for the political parties. He nearly brought down Boss Tweed.
Patronage
(politics) granting favors or giving contracts or making appointments to office in return for political support
Civil Service
government workers
Stalwarts
Republicans fighting for civil service reform during Garfield's term; they supported Cleveland.
Pendleton Act
1883 law that created a Civil Service Commission and stated that federal employees could not be required to contribute to campaign funds nor be fired for political reasons
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