26 terms

Chapter 9 Notes

STUDY
PLAY
nomination
a process by which political parties select and offer candidates for public office.
direct primary
an election in which voters choose candidates to represent each party in a general election.
closed primary
an election in which only declared members of a party area allowed to vote for that party's nominees.
open primary
an election in which voters need not declare their party preference.
plurality
the most votes among all those running for a political office.
runoff primary
second primary election between two candidates who received the most votes in the first primary election.
petition
a formal request for government action; or, a process by which candidates who are not affiliated with one of the two major parties can get on the ballot for the
general election in most states.
political party
an association of voters with broad, common interests who want to influence or control decision making in government by electing the party's candidates to public office.
two-party system
a system of government in which two parties compete for power.
third-parties
parties that challenge the two major parties
platform
a series of statements expressing the parties principles, beliefs, and positions on election issues.
plank
each individual part of an platform
national committee
helps raise funds for presidential elections and organizes the party's national convention.
national party chairperson
runs the committee; main job is to manage the office, direct the committee staff, and leads fundraising efforts.
caucuses
meetings of state and local part organizations
delegates
a representative to a meeting.
precinct
a geographic area that contains a specific number of voters
county chairperson
a person who runs a county committee, often having a great deal of political power in the country.
ward
several adjoining precincts that make a larger unit.
political machine
a strong party organization that can control political appointments and deliver votes.
Democratic-Republican Party, Federalist Party
The first two political parties in the United States were the______________, which was led by Thomas Jefferson and the_____________ that was led by Alexander Hamilton.
Reform, Independent, and Bull Moose
The three independent parties that organized around independent candidates were the ________and the_________.
Whigs
The party that replaced the Federalists as the main challenger to the Democratic-Republican party in 1830 were the_____.
closed, open primary
The two mechanisms that are used by parties to select delegates to the national convention are____and_____.
raising large amounts of money
what is the main role of the congressional campaign committees in the political arenas?
write the platform
what is the main job of the delegates at a national convention?