Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account

Ohio State University Psychology 100


people's typical way of thinking, feeling, and behaving


relatively enduring predisposition that influences our behavior across many situations

nomothetic approach

focuses on identifying general laws that govern the behavior of all individuals

idiographic approach

focuses on identifying the unique configuration of characteristics and life history experiences within a person

shared environmental factors

experiences making individuals within the family more alike

non-shared environmental factors

experiences making individuals within the family less alike

molecular genetics studies

allows researchers to pinpoint genes associated with specific traits

psychoanalytic theory

Freud's theory that many mental disorders were produced by psychological rather than physiological factors

psychic determinism

the assumption that all psychological events have a cause

unconscious motivation

personality is caused more by the unconscious than the conscious


reservoir of our most primitive impulses, including sex and aggression

pleasure principle

tendency of the id to strive for immediate gratification


our sense of morality


psyche's executive and principal decision maker

reality principle

tendency of the ego to postpone gratification until it can find an appropriate outlet

factor analysis

statistical technique that analyzes the correlation among responses on personality inventories and other measures

the big five

five traits that have surfaced repeatedly in factor analysis of personality measures; openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, neuroticism

lexical approach

approach proposing that the most crucial features of personality are embedded in our language

basic tendencies

underlying personality traits

characteristics adaptions

behavioral manifestations of basic tendencies

cosmetic psychopharmacology

use of medications to produce long-term alterations in personality

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording