67 terms

GCSE Dance

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Accompaniment
Type of Music/Score. Lyrics, vocals, instruments, mood
Audible Aspect of Dance
Silence, Sounds from Feet, Breathing
Stimulus
A Starting point for a dance
Narrative
Story
Pathways
Where dancers travel
Motif
A phrase of movements to clearly show your stimulus
Alignment
Exam answer: 'linearity arranged in a straight line'

Correct placement and posture in line
Flexibility
Range of movement of a joint or muscle
Projection
1)The dancer uses focus/energy (1) to communicate with the audience/draw the
audience into the performance (1)

2) Projection is when a dancer creates a convincing character (1) stays in role (1), shows focus (1), energy (1), communicates the choreographic intent (1)
((((((confidence(1) powerful (1), extension (1) exaggerate (1) etc.)))))))
Climax
The high point in a dance
Performance/Interpretive Skills
Focus, Projection, musicality, sensitivity, communication, commitment, energy
Strength
The body's ability to resist weight and exert muscle strength
Space
Variation in shape, size, level, direction,
pathway, design and orientation in space.
Relationships
Sensitivity to other dancers in space and time.
Body to body part, movement to movement, dancer to dancer.
Pedestrian movement
Everyday movement
Gestural movement
Movements that do not involve carrying the weight of the whole body throughout space, different to a transfer of weight (for example, raising an arm would be a gesture).
Movements of the body or limbs that express or emphasize ideas, feelings or attitudes, considered only in an abstract way.
Dynamics
The quality of the movement
Choreographic devices
Devices used to develop and vary motifs
Peform
To execute a movement
Rehearse
To practice with the intention of improving the work
Plié
Bend in the knees
Retiré
Leg is turned out with foot under patella
Patella
Knee cap
Pirouette
To turn
Contact dance
Uses lifting, falling, catching, rolling. Involves the dancers making contact that is either body part to body part , weight bearing or counterbalance. (Under the constituent feature of relationships)
Release technique
Type of dance with releases in the torso. Typically involves floor work and breathy movements of torso creating a weighty and fluid dance style.
Cunningham technique
Multidirectional, isolated movements, tilts, curves, flat backs, use of 'chance', ballet influence
Stamina
Staying power. Muscular and cardiovascular endurance
Focus
the dancer's sightline, how and where
the dancer looks
Sense of Style
sensitivity to the distinctive
actions and qualities of the dance
Musicality
timing, phrasing and sensitivity to
other musical elements such as rhythm, timbre
and texture
Communication of Choreographic intention
empathy with the mood/meaning of the
dance, and ability to interpret and communicate
this
Ways to improve performance
Commitment to rehearsals, using a mirror, recording a rehearsal, peer critique
3 Stages of Warm up
Gentle Pulse raising - jogging on spot,
Joint mobility - plié, isolation/contractions of torso,
Flexibility - dynamic stretches held for less than 10 sec
Why Warm up
Improve performance,
prepare mentally and physically,
avoid injury,
increase range of muscles,
prevent lactic acid build up,
get heart and lungs pumping.
Why cool down
Prevent lactic acid build up(prevent stiffness),
allow heart rate to return to normal,
prevent blood pooling that causes dizziness
How to cool down
Slow exercises, passive stretching, wearing extra layers to cool down slower
Components of dynamics
Weight, Time, Space
Lighting
Colour, intensity, wash, direction, projection
Costume
Colour, fabric, shape, sleeves, collars
Constituent Features of dance
Physical Setting
Costume
Space + Relationships
Dynamics
Actions
Motif description
Action, space, dynamics
Improving skill/strength/stamina
Practice, Working out, Frequency, intensity, time
Set Design
Lighting, Props, Colour, Shape
Aural Setting
Tone, texture, rhythm, structure
Safe Practice
Warming up, Cooling down, appropriate clothing, getting in and out of the floor, landing with a plie, using peripheral vision to be spatially aware, ensuring environment is free and safe
Nutrition
Balanced diet with major food groups to ensure body is in condition for best performance, hydration.
Safety in dance space
Flooring, temperature, No obstacles
Binary
AB
Ternary
ABA
Rondo
ABACADA
Mobility
Flexibility
Action
Elevation, Rotation, Locomotion, Gesture, Stillness
Costume relating to action
Sculpts the body, safe practice, does not distract from action, enhances flow of action
Effectiveness of costume
Enhances theme,
complements genre,
contrasts or compliments lighting,
symbolic - adds to character,
sculpts body
Effectiveness of lighting
enhances motif,
Highlights climax,
affects mood/atmosphere,
highlights body part emphasizing movement,
symbolic,
highlights dancer,
focus,
intrigue/interest,
lighting indicates change in section
Effectiveness of accompaniment
Enhances motif,
creates narrative
structure,
affects mood,
suggests character,
correlates with movement,
complements other components
Effectiveness of physical setting
Enhances motif,
Entrance exits,
compliments action,
Sets mood,
symbolic,
used by dancers,
complements other components
Examples of Dance Actions
elevation, travel, turn, gesture, roll
Extend
The ability of a dancer to raise and hold
her extended leg in the air.
Rotate
To rotate hip joint so leg is turned out.
Dance for Camera
placement, angle, distance/proximity, special effects.
Atmosphere/Mood descriptive words
Sad, happy, eerie, mysterious, tense, frightening, cold, creepy, angry, melancholy.
Snap
Fades quickly, e.g snap to blackout
Develop physical skills including:
Strength
Stamina
Flexibility
Agility
Balance
Co-ordination
Technique
Develop physical skills including (4 marks)
Strength
Stamina
Flexibility
Agility
Balance
Co-ordination
Technique
Movement memory
What can a choreographer do before rehearsals to make them
effective? (4 marks)
Plan rehearsal timetable/ schedule
Inform dancers of timetable
Select correct/ able dancers
Plan the work to be done in rehearsal
Warm up dancers
Consider appropriate safety to do with the room
Consider appropriate safety to do with the dancers.
Use of video for effective planning/ evaluation