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Art 1 Final Exam 2013 Study Guide 101-200
Terms in this set (100)
Egyptian art started looking more realistic during whose reign?
Why are some of the figures depicted larger than others in Egyptian tomb paintings?
To show they are more important
Which of the following is the most impressive sculpture of the Old Kingdom?
The name for the earliest tombs in Egyptian history:
Originally Egyptians buried their dead in
What pharaoh first united Upper and Lower Egypt?
Why did Egyptians start painting the walls of cliff tombs instead of continuing relief carvings?
Paintings were less expensive to create than relief carving.
Which pharaoh's face is on the Great Sphinx?
What major river runs through Egypt?
When was the Old Kingdom?
2686 - 2050 B.C
When was the Middle Kingdom?
2050 - 1500 B.C
When was the New Kingdom?
1570 -332 B.C
Where was the first pharaohs capital?
Egyptian statues from the Old Kingdom:
Were very rigid
The new kingdom reached its peak of power during whose reign?
What famous figure conquered Egypt, bringing the New Kingdom to an end?
Alexander the Great
How high was the pyramid of Khufu?
What term did the Egyptians call what they considered to be the soul?
What is the term for what the Egyptians considered to be "The ideal of perfect harmony"?
What were rectangular stone burial structures (a low flat tomb) called?
Who was the God of the dead?
Who was the sun God?
What was the palette of Narmer used for?
It held kohl
What is the name of the stone tablet used to decipher hieroglyphics for the first time?
The Rosetta Stone
The Greeks were very interested in creating sculptures which represented
The first period in Greek history is called what?
The most elaborate order of columns is the
After the decline of Greece's power, Greek art was continued by the
The Parthenon was built as a house for
In which period did Greek sculptures start making figures that appear to move in space?
Funerary vases were used as
Greeks preferred ______
In about 1100 B.C these people overcame the Mycenaean culture, Greece's earliest culture.
In the fifth century B.C, independent city-states formed an alliance known as:
The Delian League
Who created the Vase with Ajax and Achilles Paling Morra?
The earliest vases were from the _________ period?
A row of columns lined up around a temple is called:
This style of column features simple, heavy columns without bases.
This style of column has elongated capitals that are decorated with leaves.
This style of column has elaborate bases and capitals carved into double scrolls.
The Parthenon was built along with other structures on a sacred hill known as:
The building on the Acropolis which has columns carved in the form of the woman is the
In the fifth century B.C, an alliance formed to fight off invaders from
The Parthenon was built using the basic features of Greek architecture:
Post and lintel construction, a sloping roof, and a colonnade.
Over the centuries, the Greeks developed three decorative styles called:
Two buildings on the Acropolis are the
Parthenon & Erectheum
Greek sculpture of the Classical period was characterized by
The Discus Thrower was sculpted by
The Hellenistic style was exemplified in
After the decline of the Greek power, Greek art was continued by the
Atehnians, then the Romans
The ________ show male youths in stiff, straight poses.
The _______ showed clothed women, also in stiff poses with strong vertical lines.
The Hellenistic style is exemplified in
Who admired and helped spread Greek culture throughout the world?
Alexander the Great
The early leader of the Greeks who ordered the building of the Parthenon was
Sculpture from this period, known as the _______ Age, is dramatic and violent.
Polyclytus's Spear Bearer is shown in a pose called
The Hera of Samos displays a ______ pose.
______ is an example of relief sculpture from the Parthenon.
Procession of Horsemen
After the __________ war, Alexander the Great attempted to spread Greek culture throughout the world.
Barrel Vault is:
A half round stone ceiling made by placing a series of round arches from front to back.
The temple of Fortuna Primigenia incorporates a new construction feature. What is that feature?
A barrel vault
Describe how the murals in Roman homes sometimes extend into a world beyond the walls.
They were painted scenes which created the impression of a window.
Why did the Romans create masks of deceased family members?
To be carried in funeral processions.
The Romans wanted the portraits to look more:
Romans conquered these people to begin the Roman Republic.
What materials did the Romans usually cover concrete with?
Ornamental bricks or marble
How many aqueducts were built around Rome?
What range did the aqueducts carry water?
What sets the Roman aqueduct in Segovia, Spain apart from the other aqueducts?
It was created without mortar or concrete.
How was the arch an improvement over the post and lintel system?
It allowed a greater span than lintel.
What is a system that carried water from mountain streams into cities using gravitational flow?
Why did the Romans often commission portrait heads?
For private needs
Which material did Romans mainly use to build sturdy, durable buildings?
What culture provided the inspiration for Roman Art and Architecture?
The Romans felt that a person's character could be best shown through:
Facial features & expressions
Which theory of art did the Romans value most in their portrait sculptures?
What reason destined the Romans to be the "great builders of the world"?
They were good planners and engineers.
A round arch needs another arch next to it to:
Hold the other stones in place.
How is Maison Carree different than Greek temples?
The attached half columns
How is Maison Carree similar to Greek temples?
It is rectangular and uses Corinthian columns.
Compare the Roman use of columns with the way the Greeks used them.
They were more for decoration than structural purposes.
In which culture did concrete originate in?
What two building innovations did Roman legions introduce wherever they went?
The arch & concrete
What was discovered about Roman paintings from the excavations of Pompeii?
Almost every house had them
The Romans were very interested in creating sculptures which represented:
What were the underground passageways where early Christians buried their dead called?
What was the largest city and culture center for the Byzantine Empire?
Romanesque churches were also called what?
Fortresses of God
What is a nave?
A long, wide center aisle
An example of secondary colors is/are:
Orange, Violet, Green
An example of intermediate colors is/are:
Red-orange, yellow-orange, yellow-green
An example of analogous colors is/are:
Blue-Green, Blue, Green
What is a monochromatic color scheme?
Use of tints and shades of one hue.
How do you make a tint?
Add white to a hue
Vanishing points are:
Where the converging lines meet
Overlapping objects in a composition:
Creates the illusion of depth
In linear perspective, parallel lines:
Will never meet.
A worm's eye view of an object will show:
The bottom of the object.
Which generally appears farther away because of atmospheric perspective?
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