85 terms

Medical Terminology

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Adnexa
Refers to the appendages of an organ
Afebrile
Without fever
Ambulatory
Able to move about; not confined to a bed
Aneurysm
A widening of a blood vessel due to pressure on weakened tissues causing formation of a sac of blood that may become clotted
Angina
A severe, often constricting pain, usually referring to the chest that occurs when your heart does not get enough blood
Appendicitis
Inflammation of the appendix
Appendectomy
Surgical removal of the appendix
Arrhythmia
Abnormal heart rhythm
Artery
Blood vessel carrying blood away from the heart
Arthralgia
Severe pain in joint
Bradycardia
Unusually slow heart beat
Bradypnea
Abnormally slow breathing
Bronchitis
Inflammation of the bronchi, usually infectious
Cellulitis
Inflammation of subcutaneous, loose connective tissue; skin infection
Cerumen
Ear wax
Cervical
Pertaining to the neck or to the cervix of the uterus
Cholecystectomy
Surgical removal of the gallbladder
Cholecystitis
Inflammation of the gallbladder
Cholelithiasis
Production of gallstones
Conjunctiva
Delicate membrane lining of the eyelids and covering the eyeball
Contusion
A mechanical injury causing hemorrhages beneath unbroken skin; bruise
Cornea
Transparent coat of the eyeball covering the iris and pupil, allowing light into the eye
Costochondritis
Or Tietze's Syndrome is a benign inflammation of one or more of the costal cartilages
Cyanotic
Pertaining to a bluish or slate-like skin color
Diaphoresis
Excessive or profuse sweating or perspiration
Diarrhea
An abnormal, frequent discharge of fluid fecal matter from the bowel
Dysphagia
Difficulty swallowing
Dysphasia
Loss of or deficiency in the power to understand language as a result of injury or disease to the brain
Dyspnea
Difficult or labored breathing, shortness of breath
Dysuria
Painful urination
Ecchymosis
Hemorrhagic, non-elevated, irregularly-formed, discolored area of skin caused by the seepage of blood beneath the epidermis (bruise)
Eczema
Inflammatory condition of the skin which may be acute or chronic, characterized by itching or burning, tiny papules and vesicles, oozing, crusting and scaling
Edema
Swelling of body tissues due to an excessive accumulation of fluid in connective tissue or a serous cavity
Embolism
Obstruction of a blood vessel by a clot of blood or foreign substance
Emesis
Vomit
Erythema
Unusual redness of the skin caused by capillary congestion
Exacerbation
Aggrevate
Exudate
A fluid with a high content of protein and cellular debris which has escaped from blood vessels and has been deposited in tissues or on tissue surfaces, usually as a result of inflammation
Febrile
Pertaining to having a fever
Gastroenteritis
refers to inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, involving both the stomach and small intestine and resulting in acute diarrhea. The inflammation is caused most often by infection with certain viruses, less often by bacteria or their toxins, parasites, or adverse reaction to something in the diet or medication
Hematemesis
Vomiting of blood
Hematochezia
Blood in the stool
Hematoma
Swelling of blood which occurs in an organ or tissue resulting from ruptured blood vessels
Hematuria
Blood in the urine
Hemorrhage
Excessive or profuse bleeding
Hyperkalemia
An abnormally high concentration of potassium ions in the blood; high potassium
Hypernatremia
An abnormally high plasma concentration of sodium ions; high sodium. Over 145 mM. Normal is 136 - 145 mM.
Hypertension
Persistently high arterial blood pressure
Hyponatremia
This electrolyte disturbance exists when the sodium concentration in the plasma falls below 135 mmol/L.
Hypotension
Persistently low arterial blood pressure
Icteric (Juandice)
The yellowish discoloration of the skin, sclerae and mucous membranes caused by hyperbilirubinemia
Induration
Act of hardening; a specific area of hardened tissue
Infarct
Necrotic area of tissue follow cessation of the blood supple
Infiltrate
To penetrate the interstices of a tissue or substance
Ischemia
Temporary and localized anemia due to restricting circulation to a part
Loculations
The presence of numerous small spaces or cavities
Lymphadenopathy
A chronic, abnormal enlargement of the lymph nodes, usually associated with disease
Malaise
Generalized discomfort or weakness
Meningitis
Inflammation of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord, known collectively as the meninges. It may develop in response to a number of causes, most prominently bacteria, viruses and other infectious agents.
Meningismus
The triad of nuchal rigidity, photophobia, and headache. It is a sign of irritation of the meninges.
Myalgia
Muscular pain
Odynophagia
Painful swallowing
Pallor
Paleness to the skin
Palpable
Able to be touched or easily perceived
paresthesia
Abnormal tactile sensation often described as creeping, burning, tingling, or numbness
Photophobia
Abnormal intolerance to light
Pleurisy
Painful inflammation of the pleura
Pneumonia
An inflammatory illness of the lung
Pneumothorax
Presence of air or gas in the pleural space that may occur spontaneously, due to trauma or deliberately, introduced in a collapsed lung
Purulent
Consisting of matter or pus; resembling pus
Rale
Abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation
Rhinorrhea
Thin, watery discharge from the nose
Rhonchi
A whistling or snoring sound heard on auscultation of the chest when air channels are partially obstructed
Sclera
Dense fibrous opaque outer coat enclosing the eyeball except the part covered by the cornea
Seizures
The sudden attack or recurrence of a disease; A single episode of epilepsy, often named for the type it represents
Sputum
Spittle, any mixed matter with saliva that is expectorated through the mouth
Stridor
Harsh or high-pitched respiratory sound, caused by an obstruction of the air passages
Syncope
Loss of consciousness; to faint
Tachycardia
Abnormal rapid heart beat
Tachypnea
Extremely rapid respiration
Tinnitus
A ringing in the ears
Tonsillectomy
Surgical excision of a tonsil
Vein
Vessel carrying deoxygenated blood to the heart, excluding pulmonary veins
Vertigo
Condition of dizziness, often described as a room spinning sensation
Wheeze
Difficult breathing with a whistling sound resulting from narrowing of the lumen of the respiratory passageways
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