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32 terms

World Cultures - Russia and the Republics 2

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Ural Mountains
The __________________ form Europe's eastern boundary and separate the Northern European and Western Siberian Plains
Some geographers see the ______________ as a dividing line between Europe and Asia
Eurasia
Some consider Europe and Asia to be a single continent called __________.
Caucasus Mountains
Mt. Elbrus, highest point in the Caucasus, and Europe's highest peak is a long-dormant volcano.
Lake Baikal
A lake that is over one mile deep. This lake has the only freshwater seal.
Caspian Sea
The ______________ "sea" is actually a saltwater lake that stretches 750 miles from north to south, making it the largest inland sea in the world.
Volga River
the longest river on the European continent, drains the Caspian Sea basin. The _________ begins in Moscow and flows southward for about 2,300 miles until it arrives at the Caspian. This important waterway carries about 60 percent of Russia's river traffic.
Aral Sea
the _________, which lies east of the Caspian Sea, is a saltwater lake. Since the 1960s, the _____ has lost about 87 percent of its water volume. In 2005, Kazakhstan built a dam to separate the smaller North ___________ from the South ___________, which is saltier and more polluted.
Siberia
The siberian cat is native to ______, and is also the national cat of Russia.
Natural Resources
huge reserves of coal and deposits of iron ore, leading producer of oil and gas, and rivers make it one of the worlds largest producers of hydroelectric power
huge deposits of petroleum
Around the Caspian sea has what natural resource?
1/5
Russia's forests hold what fraction of the world's timber regions?
USSR
Union of Soviet Socialist Revolution, lasted from 1924-1991, contained 15 republics that were "voluntary" association, government controlled all aspects of people's lives (employment, food, media), largest centrally planned economy in the world
USSR religion
USSR was officially atheist, Christianity and Islam had the largest followers, During WWII Orthodox Church was no longer suppressed since it was seen as a uniting factor
Karl Marx
marxism, was living in Great Britain during the Industrial Revolution - this shaped his feelings about the way society should work
Marx's Theory of Communism
conflict over material goods, wrote the "Communist Manifesto"

'haves' vs. 'have nots'
Capitalists vs. workers, or 'proletariat'

Revolution! Socialism... then communism
Czar Nicholas II
1868-1918
______ was the last tsar (czar) of Russia. He was deposed during the Russian Revolution and executed with his family by the Bolsheviks.
Lenin
1870-1924
Believed in Karl Marx's ideals concerning class conflict
His goal was to lead the revolution and not wait for it.
He became the leader of the Bolsheviks, also known as the Communists.
Bolsheviks (communists)
nationalized all private land
Cheka
secret police that enforced policies
Civil War
1917-1923 the __________ broke out between the Red army and the counter-revolutionary armies led by former tsarist officers - the White army.
New Economic Policy
(NEP) announced in 1922.
Stalin
1878-1953
Losif Vissarionovich
adopted the name __________: "Man of Steel"
His great ambition was to turn the Soviet Union into an industrial nation
Five Year Plans
to build up Russia's industry, Stalin devised the first series of _____________.
1930
this year brought terror and opportunity
gulags
millions of people were sent to ______ in Siberia for irrational reasons. Ex. someone was 10 minutes late to work and was sent to a gulag.
Late 1930s
by the late ______________, USSR was the world's third largest industrial power
1941
German invasion of USSR.
allied
In WWII, the USSR _______ with the United States and Britain.
World War II
After ____________, Russia (communist) let Eastern Europe countries decide their government.
Iron curtain
when nobody knew what Russia was doing
NATO
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
After WWII, USSR created this organization of communist nations to combat the power of _________.
Warsaw Pact
Mikhail Gorbachev
Glasnost (openness)
Perestroika (restructuring)
During his time as leader of USSR:
1989-Berlin Wall falls
1990-He wins a Noble Peace Prize
1991-First McDonalds opens
Soviet Union dissolves and he resigns as president