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Encountering the Old Testament, Chapter 9
Terms in this set (10)
Translation of the Old Testament into Greek that dates to about 300-200 BC and comes from the Egyptian city of Alexandria. Its name and abbreviation (LXX) come from the fact that a team of seventy-two scholars did the translation work. The Septuagint provides an important early testimony to the Old Testament text.
Based on the Greek letter X (chi) denoting an inverted sequence or crossover of parallel words, phrases, or concepts in a sentence or larger literary unit. Chiasm is common in Hebrew poetry:
A Have mercy on me, O God,
B According to your unfailing love;
B′ According to your great compassion
A′ Blot out my transgressions. (Ps. 51:1)
Theological and philosophical position that there is only one God. Such a view was not the accepted belief of other ancient peoples, who were polytheists and henotheists.
Name of the important passage in Deuteronomy 6:4-9, which is Israel's classic expression of the concept of monotheism and which became a central prayer in later Judaism. The name itself is the first Hebrew word of the opening imperative: "Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one."
Belief in many gods. Polytheism is often linked to fertility religions and nature religions of antiquity.
Greek name for the Ten Commandments (Exod. 20; Deut 5).
Doctrine of retribution, which the Bible often uses to explain that faithfulness to the covenant will result in blessings in the future while disobedience will result in curses. This is the basic theology behind the historical books and is often said to be distinctive of the Deuteronomistic History.
Hebrew term (běrit) describing binding relationships between human partners, or between God and humans. The concept has a legal background and describes an agreement between two parties, where no such agreement existed by nature. Such agreements had binding obligations on both parties. This is a rich theological concept in the Bible, since God commits himself to covenant relationships with humans in which he accepts obligations.
Political treaty of the ancient Near East between two parties of unequal rank, the suzerain (or overlord) and the vassal (or subject nation). The literary form of the Sinaitic covenant in Exodus 20-24 and Deuteronomy is strikingly similar to these treaties, especially the Hittite suzerainty treaties from the royal archives at Boghazköy, Turkey. These Hittite treaties date mostly from the Late Bronze Age, and seem to confirm the traditional date for the biblical texts, though some dispute this evidence.
Name given to the unit of the Old Testament containing Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, 1-2 Samuel, and 1-2 Kings. One leading theory argues that an anonymous editor (called the "Deuteronomist," and abbreviated Dtr) combined several sources into a long document detailing Israel's history theologically. After Jerusalem's fall in 586 BC, Dtr sought to interpret the tragedy as well as to explain the fall of northern Israel in 722 BC. He attempted to answer the question, "What went wrong?"
What is faith in Jesus Christ?
What do sources outside the Bible say that Pilate was like?
How did God reveal himself to moses
True or False: A deacon may consecrate the bread and wine into the body and blood of Jesus.
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