MPOETC State Certification Studycards
PA Police Officer's Final Test
Terms in this set (78)
Resistance to the Government without violence and refusing to cooperate.
Handcuff the _____ wrist first.
Nighttime search warrant time requirement?
Before a ________ is conducted the DA or Court of Common Pleas must sign off on this?
You can use a search warrant to seize what?
Contraband, fruits of the crime or property used to commit a crime.
Search warrants must be supported by a written affidavit. The rule associated with this is called the __________ rule?
Who can serve a search warrant?
ONLY law enforcement officers.
A search warrant must include three descriptions, what are they?
Time & date, description of property being seized, description of person / place being searched.
While in active pursuit of a fleeing suspect do you need a search warrant?
When attempting to search a vehicle, you must ask the driver what?
Consent to search the car.
While searching the vehicle you're allowed to look where?
Within the drivers "wingspan." Never in the trunk.
When an Officer stops and speaks with someone spontaneously it's called?
An Officer tells a person they're NOT free to leave but NOT in custody
An Officer _______ _________ that criminal activity is afoot.
Notice of a lawsuit is called?
Court order requiring person to appear in court
Facts and circumstances surrounding a specific person that would lead a prudent person to believe that a crime was committed
Mapp Vs. Ohio case law deals with what?
Exclusionary Act. All evidence discovered as a result of a search and seizure conducted in violation of the Fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution ("Constitution") shall be inadmissible in State court proceedings.
Necessary to prevent the escape of a fleeing felon and suspect poses a threat to the officer, if feasible, given a verbal warning is apart of what case law?
Tennessee vs. Garner
Judged from the perspective of a reasonable Officer on the scene rather than the 20/20 vision of hindsight is apart of what case law?
Grahm vs. Connor
What case law has to do with excessive force during non-threating conditions?
Brower vs. Inyo County
Freedom of speech is what Amendment?
Quartering of troops is what Amendment?
Right to bear arms is what Amendment?
Being secure in your own home has to do with what Amendment?
Cruel and unusual punishment is the ___ Amendment?
Due process and equal protection is the __ Amendment?
This Amendment has to do with non-enumerated rights?
Police can be sued for acting in two ways?
Recklessly and Maliciously
Civil wrong or injury resulting from a breach of a legal duty that exist by virtue of society's expectations regarding interpersonal conduct
a civil wrong resulting from intentional conduct, the damage is not intended but the conduct is
What section is Snow and Ice Dislodged or falling from a moving vehicle?
3720 carries a fine of how many dollars?
Duties of Driver in an emergency response area is section ______? What is the fine?
3327, $250 fine
Define Duties of Driver in an emergency response
pass to next lane, pass to adjacent lane, reduce speed
Simple Assault is section ______
Aggravated assault is section _____
Simple Assault is categorized what degree of crime?
Misdemeanor 2, unless on a child, M1
Agg assault is categorized as what degree of crime?
Impairment of physical condition or substantial pain is known as _______ ?
Bodily injury which creates a substantial risk of death of which causes serious permanent disfigurement or protracted loss or impairment of the function of any bodily member or organ.
Serious bodily injury
intimidate or coerce a civilian population is known as?
Terrorsism is charged in what degree?
F3 unless mass destruction, F1
Attempting to get a child into a car or unoccupied structure is considered?
Luring is section ______
Section 2717 is ______ ?
not necessary to treat chemically, use powder instead on what type of surface?
Paper and unpainted wood is a _____ surface
You should always do what to evidence before touching or moving it?
Step one of chain of custody for evidence is?
Evidence should be the same at the scene as it is when found
Genetic fingerprinting is also known as ...?
Entering an unoccupied structure without permission is known as?
Threatening, inflicting pain, or using force on someone while taking something is?
3701 deals with?
3502 deals with?
Committing a burglary is a ________ ?
FELONY 1ST DEGREE
According to Commonwealth v. Grey, a nervous suspect does not equal what?
What rule does not apply to evidence in PA?
Good Faith rule
Any driver who drives a vehicle in a willful or wanton disregard for the safety of others shall be charged with
Reckless driving is a $_____ fine
Weather conditions, hot pursuits, and immediate danger are examples of?
Commonwealth v. Edmunds deals with
Good faith rule
Any instrument used with intent to use criminally is considered a?
Instrument of crime
Commonwealth v. Greenburg deals with what traffic charge?
US v. Santana deals with?
Exigent circumstances & warrantless entrance
Commonwealth v. Maggliocco deals with?
Possession of instruments of crime
When a person is rocking back and fourth and flicking their fingers could be ... ?
A crime sufficiently serious to be punishable by death or a term in state or federal prison
A crime punishable by confinement to county or local jail and/or a fine
A criminal act and intent (concurrent)
Elements of a crime
A legal principle in the US, under constitutional law, which holds that evidence collected or analyzed in violation of the defendant's constitutional rights is sometimes inadmissible for a criminal prosecution in a court of law.
The Exclusionary Rule
1. No resistance 1. Officer presence
2. Verbal noncompliance 2. Verbal commands
3. Passive resistance 3. Hands-on, oc spray
4. Active resistance 4. Intermediate weapons: baton, Taser, strikes, non deadly force
5. Aggressive resistance 5. Intermediate weapons, intensified techniques, nondeadly force
6. Deadly-force resistance 6. Deadly force
Use Of Force Continuum
The subject fails to obey verbal direction, preventing the officer from taking lawful action.
The general purpose of________________is to make sure convictions occur only upon evidence (physical or eyewitness) that has not deteriorated with time.
Statute Of Limitations
A quick pat-down of the person's outer clothing
Gives citizens in their homes - and in some states - cars or workplaces the right to protect themselves, other people, and their property by force - in some instances even deadly force.
The area, usually enclosed, encompassing the grounds and buildings immediately surrounding a home that is used in the daily activities of domestic life.
The rule that a law enforcement officer may make a search and seizure without obtaining a search warrant if evidence of criminal activity or the product of a crime can be seen without entry or search. Example: a policeman stops a motorist for a minor traffic violation and can see in the car a pistol or a marijuana plant on the back seat, giving him "reasonable cause" to enter the vehicle to make a search.
Plain View Doctrine
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