27 terms

ch 16 apush


Terms in this set (...)

As a result of the introduction of the cotton gin
slavery was reinvigorated
Members of the planter aristocracy
dominated society and politics in the South
Plantation agriculture
was economically unstable and wasteful
All of the following were weaknesses of the slave plantation system except that
its land continued to remain in the hands of the small farmers
German and Irish immigration to the South was discouraged by
competition with slave labor
Most white southerners were
nonslaveowning subsistence farmers
By the mid nineteenth century
most slaves lived on large plantations
Most slaves in the South were owned by
plantation owners
The majority of southern whites owned no slaves because
they could not afford the purchase price
Northern attitudes toward free blacks can best be described as
very racist
For free blacks living in the North,
discrimination was common
The profitable southern slave system
hobbled the economic development of the region as a whole
Regarding work assignments, slaves were
generally spared dangerous work
By 1860, slaves were concentrated in the black belt located in the
Deep South states of Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana
By 1860, life for slaves was most difficult in the
newer states of Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana
Most slaves were raised
in stable two person households
Slaves fought the system of slavery in all of the following ways except by
refusing to get an education
The idea of transporting blacks back to Africa was
the result of the widespread loathing of blacks in America
William Lloyd Garrison pledged his dedication to
the immediate abolition of slavery in the South
In arguing for the continuation of slavery after 1830, southerners
placed themselves in opposition to much of the rest of the Western world
Those in the North who opposed the abolitionists believed that these opponents of slavery
were creating disorder in America
Cotton became important to the prosperity of the North as well as the South because
northern merchants handled the shipping of southern cotton, and cotton accounted for about half the value of all United States exports after 1840
The pre-Civil War South was characterized by
Before the Civil War, free blacks
were often the mulatto offspring of white fathers and black mothers, were often forbidden basic civil rights, were disliked in the North and South
Slaves were
regarded primarily as financial investments by their owners, the primary form of wealth in the South, and profitable for their owners
The slave culture was characterized by
a hybrid religion of Christian and African elements, widespread illiteracy among slaves, and subtle forms of resistance to slavery
After 1830, the abolitionist movement took a new more energetic tone, encouraged by the
success of the British abolitionists in having slavery abolished in the British West Indies, and religious spirit of the Second Great Awakening