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Grade 5 Maya Study Guide
Terms in this set (45)
New Mayan Capital
Factors weakening Mayan Civilization
-tribes separated into city-states
-fighting amongst themselves
-no more central government
-drought, hurricanes, epidemics and other natural disasters
White men came in search of what?
gold and slaves
White men brought what to the Indians?
How many Indians died of smallpox?
leader of the Spanish conquest of the Mayans
Spanish capital city was named what?
The last Maya kingdom was called:
What facial features did Mayas consider attractive?
Tattoos, flatheads, crossed eyes, big noses, piercings
Mayan dresses were called
a body of land surrounded on three sides by water
study of planets and stars
what number did the Mayans invent?
symbol used in Mayan writing
pok ta pok
ball gamed played by mayans; losers sometimes sacrified
a structure that carries flowing water
the idea that the ruler is a god
tall thin stone monuments carved with historical events
Mesoamerica had what sort of landform?
two mountain ranges in northern Mesoamerica
Madre Occidental and Sierra Madre
three main mayan crops
corn, beans, maize
largest mayan city
Most mayan religious celebrations included
The Mayans believed the Earth was what shape?
three methods of human sacrifice
-throw into a well
-cut out heart
-tie up and throw stones at
Location of the Well of Sacrifice
goddess of moon, rainbow, weaving, childbirth and distraction
head god, lord of the heavens and lord of night and day.
god of corn
god of death
god of war
Olmec famous accomplishment
giant stone heads
three main mayan cities
Tikal, Copan, Chichen Itza
Tikal is in what modern country>
Chichen Itza is in what modern country?
the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico
Mayan social pyramid
Halic uinic, Ah kin, nobility, peasants, slaves