45 terms

Grade 5 Maya Study Guide

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New Mayan Capital
Mayapan
Factors weakening Mayan Civilization
-tribes separated into city-states
-fighting amongst themselves
-no more central government
-drought, hurricanes, epidemics and other natural disasters
White men came in search of what?
gold and slaves
White men brought what to the Indians?
smallpox
How many Indians died of smallpox?
hundreds
Hernando Cortez
leader of the Spanish conquest of the Mayans
Spanish capital city was named what?
Merida
The last Maya kingdom was called:
Tayasal
What facial features did Mayas consider attractive?
Tattoos, flatheads, crossed eyes, big noses, piercings
Mayan dresses were called
Huipal
Peninsula
a body of land surrounded on three sides by water
cenote
underground lake
astronomy
study of planets and stars
what number did the Mayans invent?
zero
glyph
symbol used in Mayan writing
halic uinic
maya ruler
ahkin
mayan priest
codex
mayan book
pok ta pok
ball gamed played by mayans; losers sometimes sacrified
aqueduct
a structure that carries flowing water
maize
corn
theocracy
the idea that the ruler is a god
stelae
tall thin stone monuments carved with historical events
Mesoamerica had what sort of landform?
rugged mountains
two mountain ranges in northern Mesoamerica
Madre Occidental and Sierra Madre
three main mayan crops
corn, beans, maize
largest mayan city
Tikal
Most mayan religious celebrations included
human sacrifice
The Mayans believed the Earth was what shape?
flat
three methods of human sacrifice
-throw into a well
-cut out heart
-tie up and throw stones at
Location of the Well of Sacrifice
Chichen Itza
Ek Chaub
god oftrade
Ix Chel
goddess of moon, rainbow, weaving, childbirth and distraction
Chuc
rain god
Itxamna
head god, lord of the heavens and lord of night and day.
Kinich Ahau
sun god
Yun Kaax
god of corn
Au Puch
god of death
Buluc Chabtan
god of war
Olmec famous accomplishment
giant stone heads
three main mayan cities
Tikal, Copan, Chichen Itza
Tikal is in what modern country>
Guatemala
Chichen Itza is in what modern country?
the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico
Mayan social pyramid
Halic uinic, Ah kin, nobility, peasants, slaves
causeways
raised roads