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35 terms

Pharmacology for HESI

cheat sheet for HESI pharmacology
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-ase, plase
thrombolytic - monitor for bleeding
-dipine
calcium channel blocker - lowers B/P and HR - can cause heart blocks
-olol, lol
beta blocker - lowers B/P and HR - can cause bronchoconstriction
-parin
anticoagulant - monitor for bleeding - draw PTT
-pril
ACE inhibitor - lowers B/P - raises K+ - can cause cough
-sartan
ARB - lowers B/P - raises k+
-nitr
nitrate - lowers B/P - causes orthostatic hypotension and HA
-statin
HMG-coenzyme A reductase inhibitor - monitor lipids / LFTs - can cause myalgias (check CPK) and rhabdomylosis - most cant be given with grapefruit juice
-azole
antifungal - monitor LFTs
-vir
antiviral - monitor renal function
-cef, ceph
cephalosporin antibiotic - some cross allergy with PCN
-cycline
tetracycline - photosensitivity - discolors teeth in kids
-floxacin
fluoroquinolone - don't take with milk
-micin, mycin
aminoglycoside - monitor peak / trough - check for hearing loss
-sulfa
sulfonamide antibiotic - increase fluid intake - photosensitivity - many allergies
-prazole
proton pump inhibitor - osteoporosis long term
-tidine
h2 antagonist - osteoporosis long term - don't take with antacids
-sone
glucocorticoid - do not stop abruptly - cause oral candida
baclofen
skeletal muscle relaxant - used for MS
digoxin
antiarrhythmic - hold if HR < 60 - therapeutic level 0.5 - 2 - yellow halo vision when toxic - digibind is antidote
PTU
antithyroid - increase of TSH
Fosamax Boniva
bone metabolism regulator - keep pt sitting up or ambulating 30 min after taking drung in the AM at least 30 min prior to food, bev, or medication
INH
antituberculosis - used with rifampin
Topamax & Dilantin
anticonvulsants - cause gingival hyperplasia
tetracycline HCL
antibiotic - do not take with dairy
theophylline
respiratory smooth muscle relaxant - avoid fluoroquinolone
Penicillin
antibiotic - avoid cephalosporins
Solu-Medrol
anti-inflammatory - check serum calcium
Carafate
pepsin inhibitor - adminsiter prior to meals
calcitonin
bone metabolism regulator - causes rhinitis
bactrim
antibiotic / sufonamide - causes photosensitivity
Lasix and HCTZ
loop diuretic - monitor for hypokalemia
mucomyst
mucolytic - antidote for tylenol OD - monitor LFT
SSRI
Prozac, Luvox, Zoloft, Paxil, Celexa, Lexapro - suicidal ideation
Fe+ supplements
give with orange juice - do not give milk - iron needs B12 to absorb