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cheat sheet for HESI pharmacology

-ase, plase

thrombolytic - monitor for bleeding


calcium channel blocker - lowers B/P and HR - can cause heart blocks

-olol, lol

beta blocker - lowers B/P and HR - can cause bronchoconstriction


anticoagulant - monitor for bleeding - draw PTT


ACE inhibitor - lowers B/P - raises K+ - can cause cough


ARB - lowers B/P - raises k+


nitrate - lowers B/P - causes orthostatic hypotension and HA


HMG-coenzyme A reductase inhibitor - monitor lipids / LFTs - can cause myalgias (check CPK) and rhabdomylosis - most cant be given with grapefruit juice


antifungal - monitor LFTs


antiviral - monitor renal function

-cef, ceph

cephalosporin antibiotic - some cross allergy with PCN


tetracycline - photosensitivity - discolors teeth in kids


fluoroquinolone - don't take with milk

-micin, mycin

aminoglycoside - monitor peak / trough - check for hearing loss


sulfonamide antibiotic - increase fluid intake - photosensitivity - many allergies


proton pump inhibitor - osteoporosis long term


h2 antagonist - osteoporosis long term - don't take with antacids


glucocorticoid - do not stop abruptly - cause oral candida


skeletal muscle relaxant - used for MS


antiarrhythmic - hold if HR < 60 - therapeutic level 0.5 - 2 - yellow halo vision when toxic - digibind is antidote


antithyroid - increase of TSH

Fosamax Boniva

bone metabolism regulator - keep pt sitting up or ambulating 30 min after taking drung in the AM at least 30 min prior to food, bev, or medication


antituberculosis - used with rifampin

Topamax & Dilantin

anticonvulsants - cause gingival hyperplasia

tetracycline HCL

antibiotic - do not take with dairy


respiratory smooth muscle relaxant - avoid fluoroquinolone


antibiotic - avoid cephalosporins


anti-inflammatory - check serum calcium


pepsin inhibitor - adminsiter prior to meals


bone metabolism regulator - causes rhinitis


antibiotic / sufonamide - causes photosensitivity

Lasix and HCTZ

loop diuretic - monitor for hypokalemia


mucolytic - antidote for tylenol OD - monitor LFT


Prozac, Luvox, Zoloft, Paxil, Celexa, Lexapro - suicidal ideation

Fe+ supplements

give with orange juice - do not give milk - iron needs B12 to absorb

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