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52 terms

History exam study guide pg 4

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Brigham Young
New Mormon Leader after Joseph Smith was assassinated. Helped to settle the Morons in Utah.
William Layod Garrison
Owned the newspaper, The Liberbator. Worked his whole life to free the slave.
Frederick Douglass
Former slave who worked for the Anti-slavery movement. Famous for his eloquent speeches.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Campaigner for women's right.
Noah Webster
"Schoolmaster to America." Wrote the American dictionary.
Dorothea Dix
Helped to improve the treatment of the mentally ill.
Samuel Slater
Introduced the factory system to the USA. Began this by stealing plans from England for a textile machine called the spinning jenny.
Eli Whitney
Developed the cotton gin and the factory system of interchangeable parts.
Robert Fulton
His boat, the Clermont, went from New York City to Albany, New York. First time a boat had gone upstream.
Dr. Crawford W. Long
Performed the first painless operation using ether.
Nathaniel Hawthorne
Author who wrote The Scarlet Letter, a book about sin.
Edgar Allen Poe
Author who wrote "The Raven" and "The Tell-Tale Heart". Wrote disturbing stories and poetry.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Poet. Wrote the "Midnight Ride of Paul Revere."
Elizebeth Blackwell
First woman doctor.
Francis Cabot Lowell
Established first mill town in America which was Lowell, Massachusetts.
Sencea Falls Convention
Women's rights convention. Wrote the Declaration of Woman's Right based on the declaration of Independence.
Emily Dickinson
Famous poet who was a recluse and is one of America's best-known poets.
John James Audubon
Naturalist who drew wildlife, especially birds, as they appear in nature.
Louisa May Alcott
Famous author of the book, Little Women
Whigs
Andrew Jackson's rivals. Henry Clay was the leader of the Whigs.
Old Hickory
Andrew Jackson's nickname.
exposition and protest
John C. Calhoun's response to the Tariff of 1828. Said that the states should be able to declare this tariff null and void and unconstitutional.
Idea central to Jacksonian Democracy.
The common man should have just as many rights as anyone else.
Spoil's System
When a person is elected and replaces government jobs with his/her supporters.
Tariff of Abominations
Highest Tariff in American history up to that point. South hated it.
Jackson's Supporters
Most federal Frontiersmen.
"Our federal union, it must be preserved"
Said by Andrew Jackson at the Jefferson Day Dinner in 1830. Meant that Jackson believed that the federal government should be more powerful than the states.
Sequoyah
Cherokee Indian who is the only history to have written a new alphabet.
Trail of Tears
The journey west in which thousands of indians died.
"The Union, next to our liberty, most dear"
Sadi by John c. Calhoun at the Jeffersons Day Dinner in 1830. Meant that the south (states) should have more power then the federal government.
Caucus
Used until the 1830s. A small group of people would choose who would run for office.
National Bank
Jackson was determined to "smash" it, and he did. Thought that it was unconstitutional and a tool of the rich.
John C. Calhoun
Vice-president under Andrew Jackson. Believed in states' rights.
"Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable"
Said by Daniel Webster during the Webster-Hayne debate.
Forse Bill
Andrew Jackson would use force if necessary to keep South Carolina from seceding from the Union.
Secede
When a section of the country (or a state) decided to leave the USA.
States' Rights
Idea that the states should have more power than the Federal government and could declare a law made by congress unconstitutional and null and void. South Carolina and John C. Calhoun led the way on this idea.
Veto
When the president refuses to sign a bill into law. Andrew Jackson vetoed more bills than any of the six presidents before him combined. (12 bills)
The great compromiser
Henry Clay
Webster- Hayne Debate
Famous debate in Congress between Daniel Webster and Robert Hayne over states' rights and the power of the federal government.
Osceola
Famous Seminole leader (from Florida) who fought the whites for his land. Was tricked to surrender and died after placing a knife over his heart.
Indian Removal Act
Called for most Indians east of the Mississippi River in the South to move west onto reservation. Jackson defied the Supreme Court.
"Tippecanoe and Tyler, too"
Was the campaign slogan for William Henry Harrison's presidential campaign. Tippecanoe was a famous Indian battle won by Harrison; Tyler was John Tyler, his running mate.
Martin Ven Buren
Elected president in 1836. Even though Andrew Jackson had really caused the Depression of 1837, Van Buren was blamed for it and lost the election of 1840. Nickname was O.K.
Election of 1840
Whigs won with William Henry Harrison. First modern campaign. Political buttons, slogans, etc were used for the first time. Harrison's campaign symbol was the log cabin.
Erie Canal
Waterway that connected Albany and Buffalo, New York. Made New York City a hub of industry.
White males
Only people who could vote before 1865.
Laissez-faire
Government should interfere as little as possible in the nation's economy.
William Henry Harrison
President elected in 1840 (the curse). Died after one month in office.
John Tyler
Whig who became president after William Henry Harrison died. Not popular. Most of Tyler's cabinet resigned, and Whig leaders in Congress expelled him from the Whig party.
George Washington
President of the constitutional convention.
James Madison
Father of the constitution.