New Mormon Leader after Joseph Smith was assassinated. Helped to settle the Morons in Utah.
William Layod Garrison
Owned the newspaper, The Liberbator. Worked his whole life to free the slave.
Former slave who worked for the Anti-slavery movement. Famous for his eloquent speeches.
Introduced the factory system to the USA. Began this by stealing plans from England for a textile machine called the spinning jenny.
His boat, the Clermont, went from New York City to Albany, New York. First time a boat had gone upstream.
Edgar Allen Poe
Author who wrote "The Raven" and "The Tell-Tale Heart". Wrote disturbing stories and poetry.
Sencea Falls Convention
Women's rights convention. Wrote the Declaration of Woman's Right based on the declaration of Independence.
exposition and protest
John C. Calhoun's response to the Tariff of 1828. Said that the states should be able to declare this tariff null and void and unconstitutional.
Idea central to Jacksonian Democracy.
The common man should have just as many rights as anyone else.
"Our federal union, it must be preserved"
Said by Andrew Jackson at the Jefferson Day Dinner in 1830. Meant that Jackson believed that the federal government should be more powerful than the states.
"The Union, next to our liberty, most dear"
Sadi by John c. Calhoun at the Jeffersons Day Dinner in 1830. Meant that the south (states) should have more power then the federal government.
Jackson was determined to "smash" it, and he did. Thought that it was unconstitutional and a tool of the rich.
"Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable"
Said by Daniel Webster during the Webster-Hayne debate.
Andrew Jackson would use force if necessary to keep South Carolina from seceding from the Union.
Idea that the states should have more power than the Federal government and could declare a law made by congress unconstitutional and null and void. South Carolina and John C. Calhoun led the way on this idea.
When the president refuses to sign a bill into law. Andrew Jackson vetoed more bills than any of the six presidents before him combined. (12 bills)
Webster- Hayne Debate
Famous debate in Congress between Daniel Webster and Robert Hayne over states' rights and the power of the federal government.
Famous Seminole leader (from Florida) who fought the whites for his land. Was tricked to surrender and died after placing a knife over his heart.
Indian Removal Act
Called for most Indians east of the Mississippi River in the South to move west onto reservation. Jackson defied the Supreme Court.
"Tippecanoe and Tyler, too"
Was the campaign slogan for William Henry Harrison's presidential campaign. Tippecanoe was a famous Indian battle won by Harrison; Tyler was John Tyler, his running mate.
Martin Ven Buren
Elected president in 1836. Even though Andrew Jackson had really caused the Depression of 1837, Van Buren was blamed for it and lost the election of 1840. Nickname was O.K.
Election of 1840
Whigs won with William Henry Harrison. First modern campaign. Political buttons, slogans, etc were used for the first time. Harrison's campaign symbol was the log cabin.
Waterway that connected Albany and Buffalo, New York. Made New York City a hub of industry.
Whig who became president after William Henry Harrison died. Not popular. Most of Tyler's cabinet resigned, and Whig leaders in Congress expelled him from the Whig party.