Terms in this set (390)
Five miles behind the front
1. Where are the men "at rest"?
Miscalculation - did not count on so much of a lose of life on the front.
2. Why is there such an abundance of rations?
Paul Bäumer - 19 years old
3. Who is the narrator? How old is he?
A. Tjaden -
skinny locksmith; biggest eater (19)
B. Albert Kropp -
clearest thinker; lance-corporal
C. Muller G. Detering
-smart; dreams of exams; carries textbooks with him
D. Leer -
full beard; likes girls from officers' brothels
E. Haie Westhus -
F. Stanislaus Katczinsky -
leader of group; 40; shrewd, cunning
a peasant; thinks of farmyard and wife
Leer means to have a lustful or sly look as Leer does.
5. What is symbolic about Leer's name?
He resists in giving them the extra rations and continually makes them come back from the fighting to get their own food whereas other cooks bring it up to the men at the front.
6. Why do the men feel hostile toward Ginger?
They do not have a roof, and most of them choose to use the latrines that can be moved so that they can sit in a circle and play cards and gossip while they relieve themselves.
7. What is unusual about the latrine facilities?
They are no longer shy about simple things like using the latrine in front of others.
8. What has changed about these men?
They were like gossip-shops.
9. What is a "latrine-rumour"?
The boys' schoolmaster who convinced them to go to war because it was the honorable and courageous thing to do.
10. Who is Kantorek?
So that he could show him how it really was on the front.
11. Why does Muller wish Kantorek were there?
The "poor and simple" knew the reality of suffering and so were not deceived by the talk of courage and heroism like the "better off".
12. What different attitudes about war were held by the "poor and simple" and those who were "better off"?
Because he was shot in the eye, left for dead, and then stumbled back to the troops, only to be shot again because he could not see the enemy as he was shot in the eye.
13. What is the double horror of Behm's death?
Muller plans to keep Kemmerich's boots for himself. This could be considered cruel because Muller is more concentrated on the boots, but the reality of it is that they see so much death out there, and for Muller to survive, he must look out for his own needs well beyond Kemmerich's death. In this case, he must consider how to replace his worn boots with Kemmerich's before his are so worn out that he can't function on the front.
14. What is Muller's plan for Kemmerich's boots? Do you think this is cruel?
That even as a man is dying, others are only thinking about their profit - they are turned into animals, only worried about survival.
15. What does the theft of Kemmerich's watch tell us about the moral decay fostered by war?
There is some humor, but mostly we are being introduced to the ironies and finite corruptness of death and survival in a war.
16. What is the mood/atmosphere of Chapter 1?
That death corrupts and takes the humanity slowly from all men no matter their background (you may have other views/reads on this as well).
17. Although the novel is told from the German point-of-view, what universal view does it offer of war?
Because they are not youth anymore, since they have aged so much by the cruelties of the war, and they are not iron, they only distract themselves by not thinking about the cruelties.
18. Why is Kantorek wrong in referring to these young men as "Iron Youth"?
Because they feel mocked and tricked by his claims of valour about their participation in the war.
19. Why is Paul bitter in his feelings toward Kantorek?
Because they have left the connections of their families without making new families or aspirations. The time of their life that is supposed to be formed through experiences of love, family, and success has only been tainted by war.
1. Why does Paul refer to his generation as a "waste land"?
He is the leader of No.9 platoon in which all of the boys/men previously described are stationed. In civilian life, he was a postman, and he often gives Tjaden and Paul a hard time/extra ridiculous commands to complete.
2. Who is Corporal Himmelstoss?
Paul does not like small men because he believes that they try to make up for their lack in size with the power that they are given. They wield the power in a very unhealthy way, taking out their lifetime of feeling small on those who aren't weak and small as they are.
3. What prejudice does Paul have against small men? Why?
They wait until the end of their training, and then they wait to "attack" him as he leaves a bar one night. Because he is drunk and distracted by his own singing, Himmelstoss does not see they boys as they come up behind him, put a sheet over his head, hit him, pull his drawers down and whip him on the buttocks.
4. How do Paul and Kropp get revenge on Himmelstoss?
5. According to Paul, what is the finest thing to arise from the war?
They grew up together.
6. What makes Kemmerich's death so personal for Paul?
It shows that Kemmerich understands that he is going to die, and that Muller meant no harm in asking for the boots, it is merely a necessity for survival on the front.
7. What is significant about Kemmerich's telling Paul to take the boots for Muller?
(up for interpretation) For that which could have been possible had the war not occurred, things such as, "girls ... flowery meadows ... white clouds..." (p.33)
8. What is the great hunger Paul feels after Kemmerich's death?
He is caring, a loyal friend, marred by what he has found the world to be, brave, survivor, fun...(find passages in the first two chapters that support this).
9. Describe the character of Paul from what you have learned in the first two chapters.
War destroys innocence, steals life, and concerns itself with nothing, not even the individual. War steals from the innocent and gives to the whole. ETC.
10. Kemmerich's death illustrates part of the central message of the novel. Do you have an idea of what this message is?
They are only about a year older and only a few months more on the front than the new recruits.
1. Why is it ironic that Paul and his comrades refer to themselves as "stone-age veterans" when they compare themselves to the new recruits?
He is very street smart. In civilian life he is a cobbler, but understands most trades. Special Talent = He can find food anywhere.
2. Describe Katczinsky. What is his special talent?
That the hierarchical organization (and pay) of the army drags the war on unnecessarily (see the rhyme on pg. 41).
3. What is Kat's philosophy of war?
That if you could just set the two leaders to fighting and then declare the winner's country the winner of the war, war would be more just because the "right" people would do the fighting.
What is Kropp's philosophy of war?
(open for interpretation) - To point out that innocent men fight the war of nations and that spending so much time fighting for a cause causes men to think deeply about why they are fighting.
What is the author's intention in expounding these?
That since they are insignificant, when they get power, they abuse it.
4. What is Kropp's philosophy concerning power given to insignificant men?
5. Who is coming to the front?
Because of the way that he mistreated them in the barracks - especially the bed-wetter - Tjaden.
Why do these men strongly anticipate his arrival?
1. Why are Paul and his comrades sent to the front?
They get more and more fidgety (especially the new recruits), more serious.
2. How do the men change as they approach the front?
They need to get more serious, more aware of the danger of the front, more concentrated.
Why is this change necessary?
They are severely wounded and scream in pain, so much so that Detering (a farmer) seems to almost jump up to go put them out of their misery even though the opposing side would probably take him down if he did.
3. What happens to the horses which are used in this battle?
He just wants to put them out of their misery and almost does shoot, but Kat yells at him to stop since that will only attract the attention of the enemy.
4. How does Detering react to the wounding of the horses?
They dive into a hole that has been created by being shelled, but they end up next to corpses because they are in a graveyard.
5. How do Paul and his comrades manage to save themselves from the shelling?
By helping each other to put on their gas masks (especially the recruits).
From the gas attack?
It is his only stability. It is his mother, brother, and friend, his protection.
6. According to Remarque, how does a soldier feel about the earth?
He gets injured when a coffin lands on top of him after it is blown up by shelling.
7. What happens to the young soldier that Paul helped at the beginning of the chapter?
To put him out of his misery - shoot him, just as Detering wanted to do to the horses (again emphasizes the loss of their humanity and animal instincts).
What do Paul and Kat wish to do for him?
Others begin to gather around as they appear from the trenches.
Why don't they do it?
Because they have hundreds on each of their heads.
1. Why,can't the men get rid of their lice?
Because he overdid his "lessons" of a few young recruits, and the son of the local magistrate saw and reported him.
2. Why has Himmelstoss been sent to the front?
They don't show him any respect. In fact, they are very disrespectful.
3. How do the men treat Himmeistoss?
He treats him as any other soldier, not a superior. He calls him a dirty hound.
4. How does Tjaden get in trouble with Himmelstoss?
Because Paul tells the story of the bed-wetting torture.
Why isn't he prosecuted?
Kat, Detering, and Haie will go back to their jobs, but the other boys can only dream of what would have been and may be though it will be marred - Paul talks about all of them having a private business and then living in the woods together, and he decides that he wants to do something worth them having had to go through what they are on the front now; Kropp doesn't want to do anything because he knows he will die one day anyway.
5. What dreams do the various members of the group have about going home?
That they had once been able to dream (and mock their professor), but now they can't even bear to imagine a real future separate from the war.
What do their dreams tell you about their characters?
That he is the closest to this man out of anyone on the earth at this point.
6. What feelings does Paul express while he and Kat are roasting the goose?
Loneliness and the bond of experience here on the front.
Out of what do these feelings grow?
They see coffins newly made and lined up against a schoolhouse that are clearly made for any of them that get killed in battle - they must joke or they could go crazy with fear and anticipation.
1. Why do the men joke about death?
Because there is not much else here that they can trust. "No soldier outlives a thousand chances. But every soldier believes in Chance and trusts his luck.
2. Why, according to Paul, must every man believe in Chance and trust his luck?
They lure the fat rats out with gnawed pieces of bread and then fry them with their pocket torches. Then they throw the dead rats over the wall and wait to strike again.
3. Describe the men's battle with the rats.
Because the barrage is so heavy that they know that if anyone tried to get through the line, that they would get killed.
4. How do the men know they are really cut off from all help when they are being attacked?
They freeze and cannot fight. They simply cower in a corner.
5. What often happens to the young recruits during an attack?
They get claustrophobic in the trenches and run out to not go crazy and end up getting shot. Also, they are listening so intently for the big bombing sounds that they miss the slight whistle of a shot coming straight for them. They have not developed the instinct that their "seasoned" companions have.
Why are so many of them killed?
They become "wild beasts".
6. To what level are the men reduced during an attack?
Defending themselves against annihilation. They are greedy for life.
What is the most important thing to them?
Because there are so many dying men to bring in, sometimes it takes a while for them to get to all of the men. One man groans, and they cannot find him because he is probably "lying on his belly and unable to turn over." With his mouth to the ground, it is nearly impossible to detect where his cry is coming from. Some of the men go out three times in the night to look for him, but every time they think they are close, the cry seems to be coming from a different direction. They are promised three days of leave on the second day if they find him, but they cannot. He cries for help and then slips into delirium, trying to have conversations with his wife and children. Finally he dies on the morning of the third day (seems like a reverse of the resurrection of Jesus).
7. Describe the night the men spend listening to the wounded man cry out for help.
He panics. He gets a small scratch and pretends to be more seriously wounded so that he might not have to leave the trench, but Paul comes to get him. He seems to be going crazy like a dog with rabies, crouching in the corner and nearly foaming at the mouth. Paul gets mad that the young recruits should be out there while Himmelstoss is cowering in a corner even as a Corporal. Paul makes him go out to the fighting. He is only "awakened" by the commands of a superior lieutenant to come with the rest to the front.
8. How does Himmelstoss react in battle?
They see Haie Westhus with his lung nearly bulging out of his back and others with their skulls blown open. Still, others run around on stumps because both legs have been blown off but the shock keeps them running on the stumps.They see a lance-corporal dragging his shattered knee behind him and men without jaws or mouths or faces. Another man has his arm's artery in his teeth to clamp it off so that he won't bleed to death.
9. Describe the scene in the field after the battle is over. What do the men see?
They are down to thiry-two men
10. How many men did the company lose?
He is giddy, somewhat afraid, and he feels comforted by her face and its gentleness. He feels that her presence may be able to help him momentarily escape from the horrors of the war.
1. How does Paul feel about the brunette he meets?
No - She seems to show no emotion when Paul has to go on leave. She is not invested as he is.
Are the feelings returned?
They feel excited, happy, joyful, and want to be the man in the white trousers next to her to lure her by their charm. (Are they attracted to her "innocence" unmarred by war?)
2. What feelings does the picture of the girl in the white dress provoke in the men?
He feels that all of the questions and praises that he receives are empty of the knowledge of what it is really like on the war front. He cannot see life normally anymore. There is an unspoken barrier between his present self and the past of his youth.
3. How does Paul feel about being home?
She has saved food for him to come home even though they are always low on rations at home. She doesn't want to hear anything of the war except to be reassured that it is not as bad as some report. What are his father's reactions? His father wants to hear the courageous stories of Paul's experience and is always curious concerning them.
4. What are his mother's reactions to his visit?
5. What has happened to Kantorek? He has been called up as a territorial. Mittlestaedt rules over him and pays him back for all of the degrading that Kantorek did to him in school.
6. Why is Paul repulsed by the conversation he has with his German master? Because he acts like he knows what is going on with the war, but only speaks the same foolish babble that Kantorek would rave about concerning the courageous duty and spirit of a soldier. He also speaks of strategy when he is not even out on the front and pushes Paul to be the one who plows forward.
She weeps and cannot understand why her son had to die while Paul got to leave (Is it Chance as Paul suggests?). She wants to know how he died, and Paul lies to her saying that he got shot through the heart and died immediately. No suffering was involved. She does not believe him until he swears that he is willing to never come back himself if what he says is not true.
7. Tell about Paul's visit with Kemmerich's mother.
On the one hand, he wants to preserve her the grief of believing that he suffered, but on the other hand, he cannot comprehend how one man's life is so precious after having seen so many die. He is not convinced by her insistence upon swearing this or that to tell the truth because he does not hold anything sacred anymore and has discovered that the place can no longer be home to him. He has changed too much.
Why does he persist in lying to her?
It is only a pause which makes everything after it so much worse. Out on the front he was able to block all emotion out to be hopeless yet indifferent. Coming home has caused him to face some of his feelings which will only make the war afterwards so much worse for him. At home, he realizes that he DOES have feelings for others, but out on the front if one tries to feel, it will only destroy him mentally and emotionally.
8. Why does Paul say he should never have had a leave?
Because they feel so alone. Being alone causes them to be quiet and observe and appreciate nature. Nature is safe companionship that cannot die. Even if "she" seems to die, it is only for a season.
1. Why do the soldiers at the camp on the moor become so close to nature?
"They look like meek, scolded, St. Bernard dogs." They seem nervous and afraid and go about like beggars taking the scraps from the Germans' garbage piles.
2. Describe the Russian prisoners.
Because he realizes their humanity. They look just like any of the other peasants in the farmland of Germany. Many of them have dysentery and are barely staying alive without the nutrition they need. They exchange far too much of their own possessions only to get one night's meal. Paul believes that they are more brotherly and human towards each other than his own countrymen are towards one another. Paul realizes that it is only because he has been commanded so that these Russians are his enemies.
Why does Paul feel sorry for them?
She is dying of cancer.
3. What is wrong with Paul's mother?
Because he knows that if he asks the doctor, the doctor will automatically assume that Paul's father cannot afford it and thus, will not do the surgery, since he thinks he will not be getting paid. Though they have received some assistance in the past, they cannot anymore because "Mother" has been ill too long.
Why is his father afraid to ask the surgeon how much her operation will cost?
He knows that he cannot fix their problems which are very real, but he also feels so disconnected from them after being on the front.
4. Why is it hard for Paul to spend time with his family?
They are issued all new uniforms (to borrow), and there are so many drills and attention to perfection.
1. How do the men prepare for the Kaiser's visit?
He is the "All-Highest", the emperor of Germany.
Who is the Kaiser?
That even if the Kaiser had said no to the war it would have happened because the government is more than one. They also conclude that the French believe that they are in the right just as much as they do. They decide that a war is started because the State (government) is offended by another country. Though they have been told that they are fighting for their fatherland, it is really for the political game that they are fighting, which they really have no vested interest in. They also speculate that the emperor may secretly want the war for a claim to fame in history books.
2. The men have a discussion about who starts war - What conclusions do they reach?
They can blow you right out of your clothes/in half.
3. What type of damage do trench mortars cause?
He gets lost in the trenches and looses his sense of direction therefore ending up on the enemy line. How is he saved? After killing Duval, he runs for safety from trench to trench during the cover of night until he finds Kat and Albert.
4. What happens to Paul on scouting duty?
They are nearer to him than lovers. They share the same fear and life.
How does he feel about his comrades?
He is the enemy man that Paul stabs to death when he falls in the pit that Paul is hiding in when behind enemy lines.
5. Who is Gerard Duval?
He almost goes mad with the time that he slowly watches the man die - his thoughts and that "time" bring him closer to madness. Even after Gerard is dead, Paul drives himself crazy thinking about what his wife will be doing at that very moment and when she gets a letter from Gerard in a few months that he wrote before dying. Paul talks to the dead man about how he did not want to kill him but only did because he jumped into the trench nearly on top of Paul. He talks to him about how they were only enemies because of the uniforms that they wore. He asks Gerard for forgiveness. Paul vows to help his wife and children. He will write to them (or so he says until he reads their letters and is too stricken by guilt and pain). He vows to be a printer when he returns to civilian life as Gerard was and to live for Gerard and his family alone.
How is Paul affected by his death?
They are supposed to guard a village that has been abandoned because it is being shelled to heavily. They find all sorts of leftover food including a dozen eggs, butter, potatoes, carrots, green peas, and some pigs. They cook everything up while still under fire and then escape to a basement shelter in the village where they have also moved a very nice bed to for sleeping.
1. How does the troop manage to live well for a few days?
He has lost his dodging instincts and gets injured on the leg and arm.
2. What happens to Paul when he returns to the front?
Albert gets hurt in the knee.
What happens to Albert?
Because he feels too dirty with his lice and filth from being on the front for so long. He believes that he will dirty the sheets beyond cleaning.
3. Why doesn't Paul want to get into a clean bed on the troop train?
By bribing the medical sergeant major with cigars.
4. How does Paul manage to get off the train with Albert?
They throw whatever they can reach out into the hallway after Paul counts to five to try and give the nuns a chance at stopping their prayers before anything is thrown.
5. How do the men get the nuns to stop praying over them at the crack of dawn?
Because he knows that he can do whatever he wishes (like throw bottles at the nuns when the pray early in the morning), for he has the shooting license.
6. Why does Joseph Hammacher let the nuns know he has a shooting license?
Where the men who are about to die and who have no hope for recovery are taken so that they will be closer to the morgue to be more easily moved when the DO die.
7. What is the Dying Room?
Who returns from the Dying Room?
They say that the doctors only use the flat feet for medical experiments and most of the time end up crippling those they operate on in such a fashion.
8. Why do the men try to discourage the two young solders from having the doctor operate on their flat feet?
That it makes the rest of the world and the expression therein pointless when such horror goes on.
9. Paul does a great deal of thinking while he is in the hospital. How does he feel about the war?
That their knowledge of life is limited to death; all that they know is death and despair.
How does he feel about the young men his age who are involved in the war?
They leave the room so that he can make love to his wife.
10. What favor do the men do for Lewandowski?
He doesn't want to leave his friend, Albert Kropp even though Albert is no longer suicidal. But he is ok because he has gotten used to having to leave his loved ones.
11. Why is it hard for Paul to leave the hospital?
The German troops are being surrounded by the enemy on both sides.
1. What is the central action in this chapter?
They are surrounded, starving, going mad, and suffering from dysentery. They are running out of ammunition and horses.
What happens to the German army?
Muller - he is shot point blank in the stomach; Bertinck - is wounded in the chest when he gets out of the hole to use his rifle to take down the flamethrowers. He shoots the one and then the other gets burned by the flamethrower without his partner to help control it. A fragment tears away his chin. Leer - His hip is torn open by the fragment, and he quickly bleeds to death; Kat - At the very last as the war is almost over, his shin gets smashed and bleeds profusely.
2. What happens to Muller, Bertinck, Leer, and Kat?
Knowing that there are no better possibilities.
3. What is the only thing that helps these men endure their conditions?
4. What new weapons used by the Allies contribute to the collapse of the Western Front?
Get him a stretcher but needs to take Kat with him because the wound is bleeding fast.
5. When Kat is wounded, what does Paul try to do for him?
Kat catches a splinter in the head as Paul carries him to the dressing station, and he dies.
What is the outcome of this?
He is delirious and hopeless. He can barely stand, and his eyes nearly role back in his head.
What is Paul's mental state afterward?
All speak of peace and armistice. Paul says if there is not peace this time, there will be a revolution of the soldiers.
1. What point has been reached in the war in the Fall of 1918?
He has swallowed a bit of gas.
2. Why does Paul get a fourteen day rest?
That they are so weary and broken at this point that only a few will acclimate to the future at home, but most will submit and be bewildered by what is supposed to be normal existence. They will not have connection because any hope of building some was killed in the war.
3. What does Paul predict for his generation?
That does happen with many who come back from war.
Does his prediction come true?
4. Why does the point-of-view change to the third person for the last two paragraphs of the story?
He is finally at peace and calm, almost glad that the end had come. He dies after he thinks that the war is over, on his fourteen days rest, not even on the front.
5. What is ironic about Paul's death?
Character: Conveys the profound alienation of the young WWI soldier. Dislocated from past and unsure of future, feelings dulled by war . Comments on importance of words describing brutality of war, laments about citizens not being able to understand seriousness. Writing a play called "Saul"
Character: Former schoolteacher of Paul and his friends, represents nationalism and idealogy of unswerving dedication to ones country that sweeps Europe before the war. Patriotic sentiments + bullying forced Paul and co. into 'Iron Youth'
Character: Epitomizes the way men with little power exploit all the power they're given. Ruthless disciplinarian, eventually redeemed by true camaraderie in war. Hides terrified in a dugout at the first experience with a bombardment. Greatest deed: carries soldier to triage area, then other soldiers begin to act nicer to him
Character: 40-year old unofficial leader of Paul's company. Peacetime cobbler, makes shrewd trades and scrounges up food, seems to have some sympathy with Communism (?) Believes in duty and fights his heart out without believing in the ideals that drew him to the war.
Character: One of Paul's oldest and closest friends. Paul fiercely loyal to him, faking illness so he could stay with him. Painted as the "hungriest" of the boys, first to notice rank injustices.
Character: 19-year old skinny locksmith with a vendetta against Himmelstoss, who unfairly punished his bed-wetting problem. One of the hungrier of the group, defiant streak against authority, farts in the face of Himmelstoss.
Character: Married peasant farmer, loves animals. Misses wife back home on farm in Oldenburg. Clever rat-catcher, made the long wire dangler.
Character: Physics-inclined academic from Paul's class, appears crass for wanting Kemmerich's boots. No shame in showing selfish feelings and desires, shows more animal instinct style of soldier. Acts as a dreamer and mocks 'silly' things learned in school like trivia. Dies from a light pistol shot in stomach, survives half hour of terrible pain, gives boots to Paul.
Character: Lusty + first to lose virginity, lead sexual charges in the novel
Character: Large 19-year-old peat digger. Collects silk French parachutes and says he'll bring them to his girlfriend.
Character: French soldier Paul stabs in a shell-hole, must stay with for an hour as he dies. Printer with a wife and daughter.
Character: Oldest soldier in Catholic hospital, other patients arrange for him to have a 'meeting' with his wife.
Character: One student who didn't openly want to join the war. Bullied into it by Kantorek and got killed almost immediately.
Character: Former classmate of Paul's, ends up in charge of Kantorek and lords his power over him.
Character: Cowardly and stingy cook of Paul's company.
Quote: War should be declared as a popular festival with entrance-tickets and bands like a bullfight.
Quote: Asking the group "What would you do if it were suddenly peace time again?"
Town where Detering farmed.
Group that Paul and co are in in German Army.
Character: Commander in Paul's group that dies a heroic death near the end of the way in 1918.
Quote: "Death is working through from within. It alread has command in the eyes" (Speaking of Kemmerich)
Character most obsessed with Kemmerich's boots: Pragmatic.
Esprit de Corps
Word for Comradeship used in book, AKA Morale
Finish Quote from Haie Westhus: "Revenge is ____-______" (meaning that revenge is good)
Quote: "Mighty fine fire-works if they weren't so dangerous"
Quote: "The War has ruined us for everything" and "How can a man take all that stuff seriously once he's been out here?" talking about the possibility of a life after war.
Quote: "We are forlorn like children and experienced like old men, we are crde and sorrowful and superficial -- I believe we are lost"
Character: Name of Paul's sister.
Plot: While talking with his father and friends, Paul makes the error of accepting a ______ which means he must stay longer.
Plot: Day of week that Paul's father and sister visit him in his barracks.
Plot: Paul informed that the group is likely going to _________ after returning from leave.
Quote: "We are here to protect our fatherland. And the French are over there to protect their fatherland. Now, who's in the right?"
Character: Notes he's not offended by France.
Character: Takes blame for throwing bottles at doors in nun hospital, has a 'shooting license' (presumeably valuable sharpshooter?) so is untouchable. Makes friends with Paul at hospital.
Character: Amazing survivor of being taken to the 'Death Room' at the catholic hospital. Expert Josef admits this is the first time he'd seen this happen.
Plot: Paul relates the army's low resources and frailties to that of a...
Character: German soldier who loses his judgement and runs into open to try to euthanize a dying dog.
Plot: Paul is given _________ day's leave because of contact with ____.
Quote: "Let the months and years come, they bring me nothing more [...] I am so alone, and so without hope that I can confront them without fear"
Plot: Month and year of Paul's death. When looked at, seemed calm as if glad the end had come.
The setting is during the First World War, in Germany. These boys are enlisted in the German army and Paul is retelling his experiences at war.
What is the setting of the story?
He says that "the unhappiness of the world is often brought upon by small men."
2. What does Paul say about men like Kantorek?
Paul's faith in the adult world was diminished and killed when the first bombardment and killing occurred.
3. What did the first bombardment and the first killing do to Paul's faith in the adult world?
No, it is about man kind in general and its problems as a whole.
4. Is this story necessarily just about Germans?
The mood is glum and straightforward with no contortions of the truth. The setting is war, so it is obliviously bleak.
5. What is the mood or atmosphere of the story?
So far it shows that these people fighting are boys and have their whole lives ahead of them.
6. What is one theme of the story so far?
This represents that the boys no longer have any time, and it foreshadows their death.
7. What does the theft of Kemmerich's watch represent?
It feels that way because it no longer has any faith in humanity. It has seen the worst of man kind and has been changed forever
1. Why does Paul's generation feel that it is a wasteland?
Himmlestoss is a man who had no power, and now abuses the little power given to him.
2. What kind of person is Himmlestoss?
He has learned many new skills and lesons in military training.
3. What have been two important results of Paul's military training?
It is significant in that it sets the mood for the rest of the novel. The fragility of the lives of the soldiers is shown through this scene. Another important aspect is that Muller is more concerned about who will get Kemmerich's boots rather than his death.
4. What is the significance of Kemmerich's death scene?
The irony is that they concider themselves adults because of their experiences rather than youths.
5. What is the irony in the comment, "We are the Iron youth?"
Paul is the main character, and has matured at a very young age. He is bitter because he was forced to mature for his safety, and has been deeply affected by the brutality of the war.
6. What kind of character is Paul?
He can find food anywhere.
1. For what does Katzcinsky have a reputation?
He thinks it should be fought by the generals of the two countries at war. He also believes that it should be like a popular festival.
2. How does Kropp think wars should be fought?
One of his drill exercises was called "change at lohne." This was where the men would quickly scramble under their beds and over to the other side.
3. What were Himmelstoss's drill exercises?
He was a postman.
4. What had been Himmelstoss's profession before the war?
He says that they change into different men, they think that they are so much better than everyone else and abuse their powers.
5. What does Kropp say happens to little men like Himmelstoss when they get stars or stripes?
He says that it creates comroderie.
6. What reason does Kropp give for officers' making drill exercises so difficult?
the earth protects the soldiers from bombardments and it is a form of stability. It also serves as their grave.
1. What is the importance of the "earth to a soldier?"
The front changes the soldiers in that it lowers their spirits and steals them of their innocence.
2. What influence does the front have on soldiers?
The comic relief is when the soldier poops in his pants and the firework show are comic relief.
3. What two situations in battle serve a comic relief from the grim battle being waged?
the deaths of the horses represents all the collateral damage caused by the war, all of the innocent lives taken, those who chose to be there and those who had none.
4. What does the death of the horses represent?
This scene shows that the value of a human life is like a speck of dust, and the only thing that they are good for is to protect Paul from the bombardment.
5. What does the graveyard scene say about the value of human life?
this is an important scene in the novel because it is the first real encounter the reader gets of tha actual war, and its brutality.
6. Why is this such an important chapter (4) in the novel?
The first sentence shows that this chapter will be different than the rest because it begins with the image of the men killing lice off of themselves, rather than a war scene as before. The tone is more relaxed.
1. How does the first sentence tell us that the mood of the this chapter will be very different than that of the previous chapter?
a. Kropp believes that they will not be able to live a normal life because of the war
b. Detering wants to return to his farm
c. Haie wants to stay as a noncomission officer rather than go and dig peat
2. What do the following plan to do after the war is over:
He makes them rethink their goals. He believes that they are too weak and futile compared to the hardships they are enduring to protect their dreams.
3. What does Muller try to make them realize about their goals?
he says this because in looking at their futures, they are going to be disappointed in their lives when they leave the war. They would have fought so hard and long for a boring job or schoolwork.
4. Why does Kropp feel that "The war has ruined us for everything?"
He says that it is a mutual understanding and that no words are needed to explain their relarionship because they understand eachother.
5. How does Paul explain his close relationship with Kat?
The tone is once again warlike and they have entered the front once again.
1. How does the first paragraph of this chapter indicate that the mood of this chapter will be different than the previous one?
He calls it a trap because there is no escaping it, once you are caught you cannot leave. They will keep returning to the front until they die, or the war is over.
2. The front was referred to as a whirlpool. What does Paul call it now?
It is capitalized because chance is the most important aspect of a soldiers life. It is chance that a bullet hits a man in the exact right spot to kill him, or not to kill him. It is also chance that you are just in the wrong place at the wrong time.
3. Why is "Chance" capitalized?
They are both crafty, yet the men believe themselves to be superior. The rats are sly where as the men are brutal and use force.
4. What does the incident about rats say about how man compares to the animals?
They become very frightened and some go insane.
5. How do new recruits react to their first combat?
He realizes that the vigor which he once lived his life, and that is associated with a youthful life has now escaped him, and no loner exists for him. The war has forced him to mature much quicker than he was supposed to, and his life has been stolen.
6. Paul longs for his youth, but what does he realize about it?
They become old men.
1. Baumer says the men become animals at the front. What do they become when they rest
He is indifferent in a way because he knows that where ever they are they are somewhere better than the front.
2. what is Paul's attitude about those who die?
They make jokes to escape from the horrors of the war.
3. Why do the men make jokes?
He feels out of place and uncomfortable at home. When he talks to his mom he covers the true destruction and horrors of the war.
4. How does Paul feel when he first enters his home? When he talks to his mother?
His mother is more understanding of Paul's situation where as his father is very excited about the war and wants to hear all of the occurrences.
5. How do his father's and mother's attitudes toward his fighting differ?
It represents his past, and his better life. The person he once was.
6. What does his room represent to Paul?
He was the school porter
7. Who is Boettcher? Who was he?
That he died like painlessly.
What does Paul tell Kemmerich's mother?
Because he knows the pain that he is preventing the woman.
9. Why is he willing to swear a lie?
Because now he feels like he doesn't belong and won't want to come home
10. Why does Paul regret having been on leave?
he describes everything about the Russians, like their appearance and food.
1. What description in this chapter proves to Paul that he is no longer indifferent, but that he is sensitive?
it is sympathetic because he realizes that they are just like he and do not want to be there and it is ruining their life as well.
2. Are the descriptions of the Russian prisoners sympathetic or unsympathetic?
They seem to carea about one another and are more "brotherly"
3. According to Paul, how do the Russians seem different from the Germans?
A command is the only thing that distinguishes it.
4. According to Paul what has made these "silent figures" his enemies and what could make them his friends?
Everyone is cleaning everything because they think that they are going to Russia, but really the Keiser is comming
1. What has changed about his regiment when Paul returns?
Because he imajined him more powerful looking
2. Why is Paul disappointed in the Kaiser?
That nobody wanted war, it was just that everyone agreed on it
3. What do the men conclude about the causes of war?
He becomes separated and trapped in no mans land
4. What happens to Paul as he is out on patrol?
He thinks of his mother's words and her warning, the Russians in the prison. The muzzle of rifles, and a cinema in Valenciennes.
5. What thoughts does he have as he lies in the "bowl?"
He takes it more personally.
6. How does Paul react differently to this killing than to the others?
The contrast between the killing of Krop and Kat.
7. What contrast does the author draw at the end of the chapter when Paul returns to his lines?
He is told that he must defend a dump next to a school.
1. What assignment are Paul and his comrades given?
That the doctors are too rough and thee was lots of malpractice.
2. What criticisms are made of the war-time medical practices?
Because there are so many dead and injured they must get paid a lot. They also don't have to experience any of the pain, they simply treat it.
3. Why does Paul say the war is a glorious time for surgeons?
there you see the real effects of the war
4. How does the hospital show "what war is?"
They loose all other knowledge and all they previously learned.
5. To what is a soldier's knowledge of life limited?
first of the school boys to die
last of the seven school boys to die
urges Paul and his friends to enlist
receives boots as a present
leg is amputated
has a sixth sense
fond of horses
shot trying to help a wounded dog
True or False: The boys' parents do not want them to enlist in the army.
True or False: Paul Baumer disagrees with Kantorek that he and his friends are "Iron Youth".
True or False: Paul believes that young men of twenty have less to lose than the older men.
True or False: They young men learn more in ten weeks of military training than they learned in ten years of school.
True or False: After Paul jabs Himmelstoss in the stomach during bayonet practice, the commander is displease.
True or False: The soldiers rarely eat turnips.
True or False: Katczinsky approves of the way soldiers are trained.
True or False: The boys never really "get even" with Himmelstoss.
True or False: Katczinsky mercifully shoots the fair-haired boy with the splintered hip.
True or False: Haie would like to be non-commissioned officer.
True or False: The prospect of being put in jail for five days for disobeying Himmelstoss does not bother Tjaden.
True or False: The boys appreciate school after they have been on the front for a while.
True or False: Albert Kropp feels that he and his friends have been ruined by the war.
True or False: Shell-shock is contagious.
True or False: Food is more important than ammunition on the front.
True or False: The French do not expect much resistance from the Germans.
True or False: The soldiers don't mind the enemy's observation planes, but they hate the battle planes.
True or False: One recruit falls for every two "old soldiers: who are killed.
True or False: The small shells are more dangerous than the big ones.
True or False: Himmelstoss treats the soldiers differently on the battle field than he did in training.
True or False: Knowing that they will never see each other again, Paul and the brunette share a tender farewell.
True or False: Paul resents teh attention that a nun at the train station gives him.
True or False: When Paul is at home on leave, he refuses to wear his uniform so that his father can show him off.
True or False: The headmasters tat drink beer with Paul tell him he knows little about the war.
True or False: Mittelstaedt treats Kantorek the way Kantorek treated him when Mittlestaedt was a student.
True or False: Paul lies to Kemmerich's mother about the way her son does.
True or False: Paul is glad that he went home on leave because his mother's fears are calmed.
True or False: The peasants freely give what food they can spare to the prisoners.
True or False: Paul and his friends are not very impressed by the Kaiser when he visits them.
True or False: The rumor regarding the possibility that the soldiers will go to Russia is false.
True or False: Paul bandages the French soldier that he stabs so that the French will be merciful to him if he is captured.
True or False: Paul realizes that he will never fulfill any of the promises that he makes to the dying French soldier.
True or False: Incidents such as Paul's experience with the dying French soldier happen quite often on the front.
True or False: Guarding the supply dump is a pleasant duty.
True or False: Paul doesn't think twice about getting into the hospital bed with the clean, white sheets.
True or False: Paul is too shy to tell the nun that he has to go to the bathroom.
True or False: Like all of the other people who go to the Dying Room, Peter never returns.
True or False: Detering is court-martialed for insubordination.
True or False: Nobody in Germany benefits from the war.
True or False: Paul unknowingly carriers a dead man back to the dressing station.
A. too much food
By mistake, the cook prepares
Kemmerich's most prized possession is his
B. give Kemmerich morphine
Paul gives the orderly in the hospital cigarettes so that he will
In civilian life Himmelstoss was a
A. they spill a latrine bucket on his pants
Himmelstoss; authority over the boys ends after
Paul feels that the finest thing to come out of war is
C. a leg
Paul tells Kemmerich that he is lucky to have only lost
B. a plate of beans
Katczinsky trades three pieces of parachute silk for
Before he becomes a soldier, Katczinsky was a
A. falling face-first in a wet field
The soldiers practice the "Charge at Lohne: by
Only in the army can a man act like
Detering feels that it is vile for war to use
B. a coffin
During the gas attack, Paul is saved by
A. burning them over a lighted candle
Katczinsky kills lice by
A. the son of the magistrate sees him mistreat rectuits
Himmelstoss is transferred to the front because
C. ventilating his backside
Tjaden responds to Himmelstoss' insistence that Tjaden obey him by
C. sleep with a bed wetter
Paul defends Tjaden during the hearing by telling Lieutenant Bertink how Himmelstoss made Tjaden
C. rats in the trenches
A sure sign of a bombardment is the
As the war progresses, the bayonet is replaced by the more practical
While the soldiers are hiding in the trenches during the bombardment, three of teh recruits start to rave because they are
C. corned beef
Occasionally, the chief reason for a flying raid against the French is to get their
A. he must be lying on his belly
It is impossible for the soldiers to gauge the direction from which the wounded man's cries are coming because
Haie plans to give his girlfriend a driving band for her to use as a (a) garter; (b) bracelet; (c) necklace
A the trenches
The rats are growing fat in
Paul compares the recruits to
Paul decides to make up with Himmelstoss because Himmelstoss helps to save the life of
C. good food and rest
Two things that a soldier needs for contentment are
B. a girl and a sailor
The soldier marvel at a colored poster depicting (a) clear streams and wooded hills;
Paul says that a man is not a soldier if he is not
the French girls across the river allow Paul and his friends to visit them at their house because Tjaden offers to bring them some
On a wall in Paul's house is his collection of
Paul's mother is ill with
C. march backwards for twenty paces
While he is on leave, Paul angers a major and is forced to
Paul fails in his attempt o escape his memories of the war through
After Paul returns home, he discovers that Kantorek is now serving his country as a
A. wool under-pants
Before he returns to the front, Paul's mother gives him some
C. Russian prisoners
Alongside Paul's camp is a prison camp that contains mostly
C. thinks about how hard his mother worked to make them
Paul only gives two cakes to the prisoners because he
C. soldiers' bodies
Back on the front, Paul and Katczinsky look up at the tree limbs and see
C. killed with his hands
Paul is upset when he kills the French soldier because it is the first time that he has
C. an observation balloon
While Paul and his friends are cooking the slaughtered pigs, the smoke is seen by
C. evacuating a village
Paul and Albert Kropp are shot while they are
B. would rather amputate than bother with complicated patching
Paul and Kropp fear the surgeons because they
A. be chloroformed
Paul begs not to
Paul and Kropp are placed in the same ward because they bribe the sergeant-major with
A. raise the temperature on a thermometer
Katczinsky teaches Paul how to
B. throwing a bottle at them
Paul persuades the nuns to close the door to the corridor while they are praying by
Josef Hamacher, Paul and Kropp's roommate in the ward, claims to have a shooting license, which means that he is
C. going to the institute for artificial limbs
Albert Kropp ends up
A. a splinter would in the head
Katczinsky dies from
Erich Maria Remarque
The first of Paul's classmates to die during the war
Whose boots did Müller want?
Has a knack for finding food
For what medical condition that plagues Tjaden does Himmelstoss devise a humiliating cure?
From what illness does Paul's mom suffer?
Enlist at once
What did Kantorek encourage his students to do about the war?
With what friend is Paul hospitalized?
What friend is hospitalized in the very beginning of the novel?
How long before the Armistice does Paul die?
Who dies as Paul carries him to safety?
The sight of cherry trees
What prompts Detering to desert?
What nationality are the prisoners whom Paul befriends?
Home with his family
Where does Paul choose to spend his leave?
War would end
.According to Kat, what would happen if the enlisted men and the officers were all given the same pay?
Leaders should fight with clubs
According to Kropp, how should disagreements between nations be resolved?
Who kills the goose?
Which character most loathes Himmelstoss
Which character is last to die?
Survivors enjoy large meal
What happens when half the company is killed at the beginning of the novel?
What invention made World War I so different from previous wars?
In what year was the novel first published in English?
The long ditches from which armies attack one another
What nationality is the girl with whom Paul sleeps?
All Quiet on the Western Front
What does the army report say on the day Paul is killed?
What is Kropp's first name?
What possession of Kemmerick's do the soldiers want?
The unofficial leader of Paul's company?
What nationality are the prisoners in the camp adjacent to the Germans?
The animal family
Kat likens the battle for power within the military to what?
What occupation did the Frenchman that Paul killed hold?
Why does Kropp become suicidal?
A conjugal visit
What do the hospital patients arrange for Lewandowski?
How many boys from Paul's class originally volunteered for war?
Which esteemed figure visits and inspects Paul's company one day?
The first of Paul's friends to lose his virginity
A soldier in a neighboring unit; is a bed wetter like Tjaden
He is going to leave
Why does Paul's French brunette lose interest in him?
Defects in his pants
What embarrassment does one of the new recruits suffer when he is first exposed to trench warfare?
What do Paul and Kat steal and cook together one night?
Where do the men stay while they are guarding a supply dump in an abandoned village?
A suckling pig
What do they cook one night where they are in the cellar?
Over what do Paul and the Russian prisoners bond?
What animal infests the trenches?
Punishment for training tactics
Why has Himmelstoss been sent to the front?
What does Paul's mother make for him?
He throws a bottle at them
What does Paul do when the sisters at the Catholic Hospital pray in the morning?
Small area between the treches
A French soldier whom Paul kills in No Man's Land
Who am I?
What is the most aggressively confronted question?
What do the soldiers do to stay sane?
What was never used before World War I, adding to the devastation?
Men sacrifice everything for...
Who is the most visible recipient of revenge?
What crawls on the soldier's dead bodies?
What is painted as a living thing that is accosted and then destroyed by bombs and blood?
On what kind of day does Paul die?
What gets passed around?
What is a natural break between the land of brutality and gunshots and elsewhere?