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Four Noble Truths
beliefs described by Buddha that explain the connections between life, desire, and suffering
the way to find the Middle Way: right view, attitude, speech, action, livelihood, effort, mindfulness, and concentration
a life lived in moderation, avoiding extremes of comfort and discomfort in the search for enlightenment
one of the world's oldest religions, practiced by most people in India today reincarnation-
belief that the atman (soul) will be released from the body after death and later reborn in another; also called Samsara
escape from the cycle of rebirth, considered by Hindus to be the ultimate goal of human existence
religion founded by Hindus who broke away because they believed moksha could be achieved through giving up worldly goods and controlling one's actions
Jesus of Nazareth
a spiritual leader who taught people to seek forgiveness for their sins disciples followers
Jewish apostle who helped spread Christianity in the eastern Mediterranean region, formerly called Saul
a priestly official who oversaw church affairs in a particular city, had authority over other priests in the region
the journey of the Hebrew people out of Egypt, led by Moses Diaspora the scattering of the Jews outside of Canaan
word that can be translated as "struggle for the faith" or "holy war" and can also mean the struggle to defend the Muslim community or convert people to Islam
philosophy that stresses treating others humanely, practicing traditional
rituals, and honoring one's ancestors
The "Old Master" who encouraged people to give up worldly desires in favor of nature; he founded Taoism (Daoism).
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