Terms in this set (76)
music can be defined as
an art based on the organization of sounds in time
a cadence is like a
point of arrival/rest; like the period in a sentence, it signals the end.
the basic unit of rhythm is the
the distance in pitch between any two notes is called a(n)
"do-re-mi-fa-so-ti-do" is a scale, which is a series of notes moving stepwise, and covering complete span called a(n)
If a pitch vibrates at 880 cycles, the octave below it would vibrate at ____ cycles.
a dynamic accent occurs in music when a performer
emphasizes a tone by playing it more loudly than the tones around it.
____ is a form of texture in which there are multiple lines of music, but there is one clear main melodic line and all other musical lines serve as accompaniment and/or supportive harmony.
singing "row, row, row your boat" in unison with no harmony, is an example of
the number of wavelengths in one second (the frequency)
determines the pitch of the sound
the ordering of music through time
a chord in music is
three or more notes sounded at the same moment
the term "register" refers to
part of an instrument's total range
timbre can be defined as all of the following except
the loudness or softness of a tone
the most prominent of the partials over a fundamental are known as
dynamics is a term used to indicate the
volume of sound
in music, it is common to use ____ terms to refer to volume
the dynamic markings traditionally used to indicate very soft, soft, and very loud are respectively called
pianissimo, piano, fortissimo
in music, the elements
work together to create a satisfying whole
the basic framework of rhythm
plucking a string instrument with the finger instead of using the bow is called
a hollow, funnel-shaped piece of wood, metal, or plastic that brass players use to alter the tone of their instruments is called a
our understanding and enjoyment of a piece of music will increase
the more we are aware of all that goes into music in general.
form is based on
three possible strategies: repetition, variation, and contrast.
contrast is when
we say something altogether different from what was previously stated.
the point of arrival at the end of a phrase is called
the organization of beats into regular groups (duple, triple, etc.) is called
a short fragment of melody or rhythm used in constructing a long section of music is called
which of the following is NOT a percussion instrument of definite pitch?
which of the following was an important innovation of the Notre Dame composers in the Middle Ages?
Which of the following characteristics best describe the baroque style?
Affections, focus on form and structure.
The middle baroque was characterized by
the growing importance of instrumental music
Gregorian Chant was the official music of the Roman Catholic Church.
The span of the Middle Ages covered almost a thousand years.
Renaissance composers brought the spirit of humanism to their art by setting both sacred and secular texts in ways that unified words and music more directly.
Education was NOT a status symbol for the aristocracy and upper middle class during the Renaissance.
another name for the middle ages is
an important female composer of the middle ages was
hildegard of bingen
most medieval music was
an estampie is a medieval
A twelfth-century cleric named Perotin, from the Notre Dame School, wrote long and detailed works with the first harmonies known as:
_________________ were composer-performers from the Middle Ages who lived in the northern part of Spain and the southern part of France.
A single movement, a cappella, polyphonic composition for choir set to a religious text is called a(n):
What is NOT true about the music of the Renaissance?
Spain became the leading music center
The Renaissance may be described as an age of:
the "rebirth" of human creativity, exploration, and individualism
The term "a cappella" refers to:
unaccompanied choral music, or any unaccompanied singing.
A madrigal is a:
secular vocal work set to a poem, usually about love
Much of the instrumental music composed during the Renaissanced was meant for:
The most important service of worship, which was itself a ritual reenactment of Christ's last supper was known as:
Who is the composer of "Flow My Tears?"
The two giant composers of the Baroque Era were George Frideric Handel and:
johann sebastian bach
A Baroque musical composition usually expresses _____________ within the same movement.
one basic mood
Baroque melodies often are:
elaborate and ornamental
The main keyboard instruments of the Baroque Period were the organ and the:
The most characteristic feature of Baroque instrumental music is its use of:
The word "movement" in music normally refers to:
a piece that sounds fairly complete and independent, but is part of a larger composition.
A concerto and concerto grosso most often has ____________ movement(s).
The first and last movements of the concerto and concerto grosso are often in ___________ form
A polyphonic composition based on one main theme is the:
The main theme of a fugue is called the:
An _____________ is a play, set to music, sung to orchestral accompaniment, with scenery, costumes, and action.
A song for solo voice with orchestral accompaniment that elaborates on an emotion or comments on the dramatic action is called a(n):
________________ refers to a vocal line that imitates the rhythms and pitch fluctuations of speech.
The ______________ is the person who beats time, indicates expression, cues in musicians, and controls the balance among instruments and voices.
An ___________ is an orchestral composition performed before the curtain rises on a dramatic work.
Most early Baroque operas were based on Greek mythology and:
received the highest fees of any musicians.
combined the lung power of a man with the vocal range of a woman.
were male singers who had been castrated before puberty.
A typical Baroque operatic form was the Da Capo Aria in "ABA" form in which the singer:
would make a literal repetition of the opening "A" section after the "B" section, oftentimes improvising embellishments in the returning "A" section.
The central idea of a concerto and concerto grosso is that:
a soloist or group of soloists compete with their virtuosity against a stable orchestra.
Oratorio differs from opera in that it has no:
acting, scenery, or costumes
Although Handel wrote a great deal of instrumental music, the core of his output consists of English oratorios and Italian:
Which of the following statements is NOT true?
When chorale melodies were harmonized for church choirs, the tune was assigned to the basses.
what era is this excerpt from?
what is true about this musical example that you heard in the previous question?
there is the use of text painting with the words "running down," "first two by two," among others
what is NOT true about the work that you listened to in the previous questions
this is an example of organum